©Copyright 2018 GEOSCIENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTE
11060 Campus Street • Loma Linda, California 92350 • 909-558-4548
The Existence and Extinction of the Dinosaurs–by Raul Esperante
Most Christians, however, believe that dinosaurs were destroyed during the flood. Others believe that this particular group of animals had been altered so drastically by sin that they were not allowed on the ark and so their kind was totally lost.
Dinosaurs and the Bible–by Raul Esperante
Is it possible to study the dinosaurs (and other fossils) from a perspective consistent with the biblical account of creation?
Pterosaurs of the Triassic–by Matthew McLain
There are only three known groups of volant vertebrates. Two are extant: birds and bats. The third group is completely extinct and known only from fossils: pterosaurs. Often referred to colloquially as “pterodactyls”, pterosaurs are a diverse group of reptiles totally foreign to our modern minds, yet in some ways they are incredibly familiar, resembling the dragons of folklore.
Is Homo naledi Your “Relative,” “Ancestor,” or “Part of the Human Family Tree”?–by Ronny Nalin
The aim of this article is to use the example of Homo naledi to illustrate the distinction between data and interpretations, and to discuss some of the questions a biblical creationist might have in relation to this new discovery.
The Mesozoic–by Matthew McLain
Few things in science evoke more interest in children than dinosaurs. Books, films, toys, etc. continue to fuel kids’ interest in the very alien world of our past, yet few Christians know how to respond to their children’s curiosity in a way that is both biblically sound and scientifically accurate. Although a full discussion of the fossils in Mesozoic rocks would require several volumes, a brief synopsis is presented here along with some creationist reflections for those who are interested – parents or otherwise.
What Is the Evidence for a Large Asteroid Impact at the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) Boundary?–by Ronny Nalin
The hypothesis of a large meteorite impacting the surface of the Earth at the end of the Cretaceous was introduced almost four decades ago. In the ensuing years, the geologic community gathered a large body of data in support of this hypothesis, elevating it to the status of a universally accepted fact of Earth history. However, competing models and lively discussions are still unfolding over the dynamics and environmental consequences of this large impact.
Homo naledi: An update–by Ronny Nalin
Two important papers were published in May 2017, warranting an update on the subject of Homo naledi.
Archaeopteryx: Bird or Reptile? Or Not?–by L. James Gibson
Archaeopteryx is arguably the most famous fossil ever discovered. It has a mixture of bird-like and reptile-like traits, and was first reported only two years after Charles Darwin published his book, The Origin of Species. Since then, another eleven Archaeopteryx specimens have been recovered from the limestones near Solnhofen, Germany.
Pterosaurs of the Triassic: An Update–by Matthew McLain
This post complements an article that was written in 2014. Since then, there have been some interesting developments in the area of Triassic pterosaurs that are worth mentioning, the most important being the recent description by Britt et al. (2018) of a Triassic pterosaur from the Nugget Sandstone of Utah.
Fossil Reefs and Time–by Ariel A. Roth
Ancient fossil reefs are considered to be a challenge to the biblical concept of creation. But do these fossil reefs really negate the biblical account of beginnings? Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Life in the Deep Rocks and the Deep Fossil Record–by Ariel A. Roth
Microorganisms can exist in rocks several kilometers below the surface of the earth. Recently a number of reports indicate that these organisms are much more common than previously surmised and that vast regions of the underworld may be inhabited. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 2.
Fossil Binding in Modern and Ancient Reefs–by Lance T. Hodges
Fossil reefs from Silurian and Devonian sediments in the Great Lakes region of the United States are compared with a modern reef in Florida. The fossil reefs differ significantly from modern reefs by lacking the framework of corals that are characteristic of modern reefs. Instead, the fossil reefs look more like carbonate mud mounds. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 2.
Of Dinosaurs and Men–by Arthur V. Chadwick
Claims that human and dinosaur footprints are found together in the Paluxy River of Texas have been retracted. Creationists must be careful to check the validity of the claims they make. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 1.
Recent Debate Over Archaeopteryx–by Venus E. Clausen
Archaeopteryx has traits of both birds and reptiles, and has long been accepted as a fossil intermediate. Recently, the charge has been presented that Archaeopteryx is a forgery rather than a legitimate fossil. This has resulted in much research into the nature of the fossils of Archaeopteryx. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 1.
Precambrian Pollen in the Grand Canyon–by Arthur V. Chadwick
In the early sixties, Clifford Burdick claimed to have discovered pollen of modern plant in Precambrian rocks. Dr. Chadwick has not been able to confirm Burdick's findings, however, he does point out that this type of irregularity has been reported by several traditional geologists and that these findings pose a challenge to one of evolution's fundamental tenets.
Beetles Indicate a Faunal Change in the Arctic During Cenozoic Time–by David G. Kissinger
Changes in the distributions of fossil beetles in Pleistocene sediments provide further evidence that significant climatic change has taken place in post-flood times. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 2.
The Organic Levels of the Yellowstone Petrified Forests–by Harold G. Coffin
The normal accumulation of organic debris and the subsequent formation of humus and true soil which proceeds relentlessly on modern growth surfaces does not readily account for several of the phenomena seen in the organic levels of Yellowstone. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 2.
Footprints in the Grand Canyon–by Leonard R. Brand
The Coconino Sandstone has traditionally been interpreted as wind-deposited, but fossil trackways in this formation point to underwater deposition. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
Dinosaur Tracks and Giant Men–by Berney R. Neufeld
The Glen Rose region of the Paluxy River does not provide good evidence for the past existence of giant men, nor does it provide evidence for the coexistence of such men and the giant dinosaurs. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
The Spirorbis Problem–by Harold G. Coffin
A tiny marine worm, Spirorbis, constructs a calcareous tube, and is often found attached to shells and debris in the ocean. Fossil Spirorbis are sometimes common in coal beds. Some have suggested Spirorbis lived in fresh-water habitats in the past, but this is highly unlikely. It is more likely that coal formed in marine waters during the Flood. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
The Ginkgo Petrified Forest–by Harold G. Coffin
The Gingko Petrified Forest in western Washington state contains a large variety of petrified plant species, more than any other site known. The plants represent a mixture of tropical and temperate species that appear to have been transported and not grown in situ. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
Fossil Tree Orientation in the Chinle Formation–by Leonard R. Brand, Arthur V. Chadwick
Trees were measured at nine locations in two general areas in Arizona and Utah. Preliminary data show very strong orientation of logs at most sites. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
Famous Fossils From a Mountaintop–by Harold G. Coffin
Thousands of well-preserved Cambrian fossils are found in the Burgess Shale of Alberta, Canada. These Cambrian fossils are complex and diverse, in contradiction to the expectations of evolutionary theory. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
The Bible and Paleontology–by Arthur V. Chadwick
How can we accommodate the paleontological record with Scripture? If our approach to science is as it should be, we can acknowledge that there are still many unanswered questions for all sides, and we should have no fear of deeper investigation in science the data are not all in.
Time, Faith, and Fossil Whales–by Raul Esperante
Currently evolutionary geology explains the fossil record as the result of slow processes and change occurring over long periods of time. However, an increasing number of rock formations and fossil occurrences previously interpreted within such an evolutionary framework must be reinterpreted as the result of rapid, or even catastrophic, processes operating on a different time scale.
The Search for Adam’s Ancestors–by Elaine Graham Kennedy
Given the current database on fossil hominids, caution is warranted. Indeed, it would be premature to draw any definitive conclusions with regard to the origins of these organisms and their relationship to the Genesis record.
Fossils: The Story They Tell Us–by Carlos F. Steger
Fossils speak of catastrophic burial by water in many areas of the world, thus contradicting the uniformitarian model. A growing number of modern geologists concur with this view, although they may not accept the theory of a universal flood. Those of us who rely in the biblical story of a universal flood find in the fossil record abundant evidence that the surface of the earth once experienced the convulsions of a catastrophic destruction.
Annotations from the Literature
A collection of short commentaries on scientifc papers published in 1991, covering topics such as phylogenies, origin of life, Precambrian fossils, polar dinosaurs, fossil turtles, Lysan finch, ecological gradients and the fossil record. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 1.
Geological Society of America Meeting–by Kurt P. Wise, Arthur V. Chadwick
A report of the 2000 meeting of the Geological Society of America in Reno, Nevada. Published in Origins n. 51.
Modern Bird Lung Design Documented in Rapidly Buried Fossil–by L. James Gibson
A fossil bird recovered from Cretaceous lake deposits in China shows preservation of some soft tissues, including a pair of lungs that appear to have functioned in a way similar to those of living birds.
The Cambrian Explosion at Qingjiang–by L. James Gibson
A newly described Cambrian locality in China has added more than 50 new species to our knowledge.
Trilobite Explosion–by L. James Gibson
The abrupt appearance of trilobites in Cambrian strata and their absence in Precambrian sediments is a real feature of the rock record and not due to failure of preservation in Precambrian rocks.
A Chemist's Perspective of the Yellowstone Petrified “Forests"–by Clyde L. Webster Jr.
The Yellowstone "fossil forest" has many layers of volcanic ash. Trace element analysis of these layers reveals they derive from about four volcanic sources, and the layers from different sources are interlaced, implying contemporaneous eruptions of the different sources. Published in Origins n. 65.
The Explanation for the “Yellowstone Fossil Forests:” An Uncompleted Research Project–by Leonard R. Brand
An appeal, by Dr. Leonard Brand, for more original research, publications, and review papers to present a coherent model for the interpretation of the Yellowstone fossil forests that would bring it to the attention of the geological community. Published in Origins n. 65.
An Amphibious Whale or a Terrestrial Swimmer?–by Raul Esperante
Is a recent fossil found in Peru evidence for transitional forms in an evolutionary sequence?
Annotations From the Literature–by L. James Gibson
A collection of short commentaries of scientific papers published in 1996, covering topics such as biogeography, Milankovitch cycles, turtles, degeneration by mutation, fossil sharks, fossil bird, ichthyosaurs, speciation rates in cichlid fish, plate tectonic anomaly. Published in Origins v. 23, n. 2.
Misbehaving Fossils–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, The Quest for Life in Amber. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
A Picture Window on the Eocene–by Harold G. Coffin
A review of the book, Messel: An Insight Into the History of Life and of the Earth. Messel is a pit in a deposit of oil shale in Germany with many finely preserved Eocene fossils. Published in Origins v. 22, n. 1.
The Search for Relatives–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, The Early Evolution of Metazoa and the Significance of Problematic Taxa. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 2.
Burgess Shale Re-Examined–by Harold G. Coffin, Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Wonderful Life: The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. The book describes the history of discovery of the Burgess Shale fossils and their classification. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 1.
Argentavis Magnificens: World’s Largest Flying Bird–by David H. Rhys
A fossil bird from Argentina is now regarded as the largest known flying bird. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 2.
Design in Crane Fly Eyes–by L. James Gibson
Fossilized crane fly eyes discovered to be calcified and have melanin
Unusual Fossils From a Mountaintop–by Harold G. Coffin
This article is an update of the article, Famous Fossils on a Mountaintop (Origins v. 1, n. 1)
The Ginkgo Petrified Forest (update)–by Harold G. Coffin
This is an update of "The Ginkgo Petrified Forest" Origins 1(2):101-103 (1974)
Sea Lilies – Another Explosion–by L. James Gibson
The "Cambrian explosion" is a term used to describe the abrupt appearance in the fossil record of major animal phyla, without intermediate forms in lower layers. This pattern of abrupt appearance can be observed for many groups of organisms, including crinoids (sea lilies).
Other Related Resources
In this episode we explore the world of dinosaurs from a scientific and biblical perspective.…
Tras Las Huellas De Los Dinosaurios: Dr. Raúl Esperante
En este video educativo, el paleontólogo Raul Esperante te enseña a identificar y clasificar…
What can we learn from pterosaurs about the origin of groups of animals? Which patterns in…
Evidences II: The Tale of a Trilobite
This is the second GRI video examining the topic of evidence and what can be reasonable known…
On the Trail of Dinosaurs: Dr. Raúl Esperante
In this educational video, paleontologist Raul Esperante teaches how to identify and classify…
Other Related Resources
How many different kinds of dinosaurs were there? Are human and dinosaur fossils found together? Were there any dinosaurs on the ark? What did dinosaurs eat? Were dinosaurs warm-blooded? Did God create the dinosaurs, or are they the result of evil? Do scientists believe that birds evolved from dinosaurs? What unsolved questions about dinosaurs are of greatest interest?
- Ecology & Conservation
- Intelligent Design
- Other Sciences
- Faith and Science
- Origins Journal: Archive