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Flat Gaps Challenge Long Geologic Ages–by Ariel A. Roth
In spite of their proposed long ages of formation, the flat gaps show very little or no weathering or erosion weathering or erosion of the underlying layers. This clearly indicates a different mechanism is responsible for their formation and is what would be expected in the context of rapid deposition during the astonishing Genesis Flood described in the Bible.
Radiometric Dating–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Radiometric dating has its uncertainties, but often seems to work well. At this point we don’t know how to relate its resulting ages with the Bible record, for we only know in part (I Cor 13:8-12). However, God’s ways are not our ways (Isa 55:8) and with God all things are possible (Mt 19:26; Lk 18:27).
The Precambrian: Part 1 of 3–by Benjamin L. Clausen
This first section of a 3 parts series on the Precambrian summarizes the standard model for formation of the Universe, Solar System and Earth, Moon, oceans, continents, and plate tectonics. Brief references to the Universe, Sun, and Moon are included because what happens beyond Earth sets the stage for what happens on Earth during the Precambrian and in the Genesis 1 account.
The Precambrian: Part 3 of 3–by Benjamin L. Clausen
This third part of a series on the Precambrian provides two perspectives suggested by creationists on how to interpret this portion of the rock record.
Carbon-14 Dating Models and Experimental Implications–by Paul A. Giem
Eight categories of models for converting carbon-14 dates into real time are discussed. Six of these models are based on a creation as described in Genesis and a short age of life on earth. Published in Origins v. 24. n. 2.
Can Tree Rings Be Used to Calibrate Radiocarbon Dates?–by Robert H. Brown
Statistical analysis of the various dendrochronology master sequences that were published prior to 1985 indicates that the master sequence developed by Ferguson has unique auto-correlation features, and that its use is definitely questionable. Published in Origins v. 22, n. 1.
Compatibility of Biblical Chronology with C-14 Age–by Robert H. Brown
The relationship of carbon-14 dates with biblical chronology is improved by recognizing that c-14 concentrations have not yet reached equilibrium between the upper biosphere and the deep ocean. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Interpretation of Radiocarbon and Amino Acid Age Data–by Robert H. Brown, Clyde L. Webster Jr.
Dates calculated from radiocarbon and amino acid racemization show conflict. Analysis of the discrepancies and use of a radiocarbon conversion published earlier, some inferences are drawn regarding the cooling of the earth after the biblical flood. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 2.
Fresh Bread; Old Fossils–by Robert H. Brown
Biomolecules decompose rapidly enough they are not expected to last for millions of years. Discovery of biomolecules in fossils is difficult to reconcile with the purported ages of these fossils, and suggests the ages are much younger, as expected in a biblical worldview. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 2.
Correlation of C-14 Age with the Biblical Time Scale–by Robert H. Brown
This is an attempt to develop a methedology for converting carbon-14 ages into real time in a biblical context that fixes the date of the global flood at about 5,000 years ago. A table is provided of sample converted ages. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 2.
Implications of C-14 Age vs Depth Profile Characteristics–by Robert H. Brown
The available data on C-14 age profiles indicate that the characteristic relationship is nonlinear in a direction which suggests that the C-14/C-12 ratio was less in the past than it is now. Published in Origins v. 15, n. 1.
The Upper Limit of C-14 Age?–by Robert H. Brown
Some recent radiocarbon dates derived from sources assumed to be geologically very old give dates in the 40,000-year range. These relatively young dates may reflect the concentration of Carbon-14 in the antediluvian atmosphere. Published in Origins v. 15, n. 1.
Some Questions about Geochronology–by Ariel A. Roth
The geochronological time scale of thousands of millions of years is based mainly on radiometric dating. On the other hand, some other time-dependent processes change at rates which challenge generally accepted geochronology. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 2.
Amino Acid Dating–by Robert H. Brown
Most amino acids exist in two forms, commonly called "left" and "right." Living organisms use only "left" amino acids, but after death, the "left" amino acids begin changing to "right" forms, until there is an equal number of both. This suggests the possibility of using the amount of change as a measure of time, leading to the development of amino-acid dating. This dating of method does not confirm the results of other methods of dating. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 1.
How Solid is a Radioisotope Age of a Rock?–by Robert H. Brown
Radioisotope ages are calculated from ratios of certain atoms. The isotopic ratios can be precisely measured, but the calculation of age from that ratio involves assumptions that may vary depending on the philosophical orientation of the investigator. Published in Origins v. 10, n. 2.
Geo and Cosmic Chronology–by Robert H. Brown
The picture that emerges from all the data that relate to cosmic chronology appears to be one of dynamic physical processes operating over extended periods of time, during the last 4.5 billion years of which discrete entities of the Solar System have been in existence. This suggests the word "earth" in Genesis 1 may refer to the land surface of the planet, and not to the planet itself. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 1.
The Age Dating of Biological Materials–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Dates based on amino-acid racemization and uranium radioactive decay were quite different, with preference given to the radiometric dates. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 1.
The Interpretation of C-14 Dates–by Robert H. Brown
A number of factors could affect the relation of C-14 concentration to real time. The author discusses the effects on C-14 dates of cosmic ray intensity, geomagnetic field strength, water vapor concentration, and dilution by the biosphere carbon. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 1.
Radiometric Age and the Traditional Hebrew-Christian View of Time–by Robert H. Brown
Radiometric dates are subject to uncertainties due to the assumptions inherent in the method and to the effects of non-natural changes in the earth's crust on the third day of creation and during the biblical Flood. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2.
The Impact of Tektites upon an Estimated 700,000 Year History of Deep-Sea Deposits–by Warren H. Johns
Tektites are formed from molten target rocks by an extraterrestrial impact. Australian tektites dated at about 700,000 years are found resting on soil dating less than 10,000 years old. This discrepancy is unresolved at present, and provides an opportunity for further research that could be very significant for the question of radiometric dating. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2.
C-14 Age Profiles for Ancient Sediments and Peat Bogs–by Robert H. Brown
Claimed correlation of C-14 ages with depth is not a sound argument for the accuracy of C-14 dates because in the great majority of cases, a linear relationship between depth and C-14 concentration does not exist. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
Time, Faith, and Fossil Whales–by Raul Esperante
Currently evolutionary geology explains the fossil record as the result of slow processes and change occurring over long periods of time. However, an increasing number of rock formations and fossil occurrences previously interpreted within such an evolutionary framework must be reinterpreted as the result of rapid, or even catastrophic, processes operating on a different time scale.
An Adventist Approach to Earth Origins–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Science/religion issues are important because they have to do with ultimate realities, with whether to "worship" the Creator or the creature (creation), with whether a supreme being is above the creation and can supernaturally intervene.
Implications of Paraconformities–by Ariel A. Roth
Paraconformities suggest that little time was involved in the deposition of the sedimentary layers, and these are the layers that harbor the fossil record.
Radioisotope Age, Part I–by Robert H. Brown
Various examples adequately establish that a radioisotope age does not necessarily have a real-time significance. A relationship of a radioisotope age with real-time must be based on an interpretation.
Radioisotope Age, Part III: Time in Science and the Bible–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Any of the proposed resolutions to the conflict between radiometric dating and biblical chronology has problems. The pros and cons of each need to be considered.
Radioisotope Age, Part II: Genesis and Time: What Radiometric Dating Tells Us–by Clyde L. Webster Jr.
Radiometric dating is an interpretive science. The complex chemical and physical processes taking place within Earth's mantle and crust are neither completely known nor understood. This is especially true when the radioactive isotope parameters are considered.
Carbon-14 Content of Fossil Carbon–by Paul A. Giem
This article reviews the theoretical basis for expecting the presence of carbon-14 in Pliocene to Cambrian carbon from certain creationist viewpoints, and for expecting its absence from a viewpoint proposing a long age of life on Earth. Published in Origins n. 51.
Time Dependency of Radioisotope Decay–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Radioisotopes and the Age of the Earth. Published in Origins n. 52.
Recent Developments in near Eastern Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating–by Michael G. Hasel
This article provides a state-of-the-art appraisal of ancient Near Eastern chronologies in Mesopotamia and Egypt. It focuses on recent developments in both fields by assessing the current astronomical and historical bases for these chronologies and addressing the relative nature of chronology before the second millennium B.C. It documents the trend over the past sixty years to shorten the historical chronology of the Near East. Published in Origins n. 58.
Reactions–by Robert H. Brown, George T. Javor
Reaction to the editorial, Chicken Soup, and the article, Recent Developments in Near Eastern Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating, Self-organization and the Origin of Life. Even if biomolecules self-assembled into cellular organization, that would not produce life because life requires non-equilibrium chemical reactions. The editorial by Jim Gibson did not address this point. Correlation of carbon-14 dates with the biblical time scale favors the younger archaeological dates discussed in the article by Michael Hasel.
Literature reviews: Are Radioisotope Dating Methods Reliable?–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, The Mythology of Modern Dating Methods. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 2.
Dusty Evidence–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Moondust and the Age of the Solar System. Published in Origins v. 20, n. 1.
An Age-Old Question–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, The Age of the Earth. Presents the standard interpretation of radioisotope data. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 2.
Testing Time–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Absolute Age Determination. An authoritative description is provided of the methods of age-dating used to estimate the age of the earth. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 2.
More Than a Revision–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Principles of Isotope Geology. An authoritative description of radioisotope dating and use of stable isotope ratios. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 1.
Working on the Flood–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, The Geology of the Flood. The author advocates an age for the earth that is much longer than the biblical chronology and much shorter than the naturalistic chronology, which will make the book's position unsatisfactory to most readers. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 2.
A New General Reference on Carbon-14 Age Dating–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Radiocarbon Dating: An Archaeological Perspective. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 1.
Annotations from the Literature
A collection of short commentaries on scientific articles published in 1983, covering topics such as the history of Darwinism, integrity in science, evolution and thermodynamics, North American geology, Quaternary dating methods, origin of life, and the half-life of Technetium-99.
Young’s Old Earth–by Stephan F. Barnett
A review of the book, Christianity and the Age of the Earth. The book presents a biased viewpoint against recent creation, but does point out some serious challenges that confront recent creationists. Published in Origins v 10, n. 1.
A Reference on Radiometric Dating–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Principles of Isotope Geology. This is an authoritative textbook on radioisotope dating that provides useful background information, regardless of philosophical persuasion. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 1.
Literature Reviews–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the article, Non-Poisson Distributions Observed During Counting of Certain Carbon-14-Labelled Organic (Sub)Mono-Layers.Small anomalies in counting C-14 disintegrations are probably explained by the experimental conditions and do not offer help for reducing the chronology based on C-14. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
Other Related Resources
Evidence of the Recent Creation
Living things provide abundant evidence of their relatively recent creation. Claims that life,…
Other Related Resources
Age of the Earth
How old is the Earth? What is the basis of radiometric dating? What is the meaning of “half-life?” How can creationists explain radiometric dates of many millions of years? What unsolved questions about the age of the Earth are of greatest interest?
What is the basis of carbon-14 dating? What materials can be dated by carbon-14? How accurate are carbon-14 dates? What are the assumptions used in determining carbon-14 dates? How would carbon-14 dating be affected by a global flood? What unsolved problems about carbon-14 dating are of greatest interest?
Faith, Reason, and Earth History - 3rd Edition
Leonard Brand and Arthur Chadwick. 2016. Andrews University Press. ISNB-13: 978-1940980119
Short videos based on this book are available here.
L. James Gibson and Humberto M. Rasi, (Editors). 2011. Pacific Press. ISBN-13: 978-0816324286
Origin by Design
Harold G. Coffin, Robert H. Brown and L. James Gibson. 2005. Review & Herald Publishing Assn. ISBN-13: 978-0828017763
Compact Time: A Short History of Life on Earth
John C. Walton. 2021. Troubador Publishing Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1800461246
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