Researchers discuss the role and position of Neanderthals in an alleged evolutionary process and debate whether they went extinct before, during or after anatomically modern humans colonized the northern hemisphere, and if the former interbred with the latter. However, many recent studies, ranging from genetics to the analysis of Neanderthal technology and culture suggest that Neanderthals might be understood within a different scientific framework.
Recent discoveries have shown artistic behaviors in Neanderthals including decoration of their bodies with jewelry and probably pigment. Moreover, these are clear indicators that they made use of language and verbal communication.
The aim of this article is to use the example of Homo naledi to illustrate the distinction between data and interpretations, and to discuss some of the questions a biblical creationist might have in relation to this new discovery.
Two important papers were published in May 2017, warranting an update on the subject of Homo naledi.
The Tasaday was claimed to be a stone age tribe still living in the southern Philippines and recently discovered by anthropologists. Much attention was given to this story, but suspicions were soon aroused that the story was fake, and this indeed turned out to be the case. The lesson is that there is so much pressure for scholars to publish that fraudulent reporting has entered the profession. Published in Origins v. 20, n.1.
Evolution theory is based on competition and struggle for survival, but some animals act in a way that favors reproduction of other individuals and reduces their own competitive status. The theory of sociobiology wants to explain this altruistic behavior as having a genetic basis, so that individuals with the gene tend to help other individuals with the same gene,.This maintains the gene in the population. The idea that human behavior is genetically determined is controversial. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 2.
Creation provides a foundation for absolute moral values, while evolutionary theory renders them relative to the respective society. This difference in viewpoint marks an important line of conflict between creationists and evolutionists. Published in Origins v. 10, n. 1.
The human brain is far more complex than anyone has described, but there is no evidence that its functions involve laws that are potentially inaccessible to science. The existence of purpose sets the mind apart from artificial systems such as computers, and we may never be able to fully decipher the workings of the brain. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
Given the current database on fossil hominids, caution is warranted. Indeed, it would be premature to draw any definitive conclusions with regard to the origins of these organisms and their relationship to the Genesis record.
The gift of life is conferred on humankind in an intimate face-to-face encounter. God forms a work of art out of moist clay. A bond with this piece of art begins to grow in the gentle process of making. Then comes that incredible moment.
The purpose of this paper is to explore some of the areas of contact between human personality theory and the Christian understanding of the image of God.
Recently, the city buses in my neighborhood gained a new set of brightly-colored advertisements along their sides. In bold letters, they proclaimed that humans and chimpanzees are 98% identical: “Come and meet your relatives.”
A collection of short commentaries on scientific papers published in 2003, covering topics such as frog biogeography, moas, the hoatzin, magic bullets in creationism, intelligent design, gene duplication, snail variation, Cambrian lagerstatten, extraterrestrial impacts, hotspots, carbonates, mitochondrial Eve, pseudogene function, mutations in bacteria, fossil diversity patterns, feathered dinosaurs, the fossil Microraptor, intermediate fossil Ichthyostega, problems with the evolutionary tree, and mitochondrial DNA differences. Published in Origins n. 58.
Confirmation that fathers may sometimes pass mitochondrial DNA to their children violates the assumptions used to calculate the age of the most recent female common ancestor of all living humans. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
A review of the book, A Meaningful World: How the Arts and Sciences Reveal the Genius of Nature. Darwinian reductionism dissolves appreciation of the genius behind masterpieces. In the real world, science and the arts each enrich and complement understanding of the other; both, at their best, are part of and point to the same Truth. Published in Origins, n. 61.
A review of the book, Agents Under Fire: Materialism and the Rationality of Science. Published in Origins, n. 57.
Review of the book, Bones of Contention. The evolutionary interpretatoin of fossil hominids is strongly criticized. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
A review of the book, Created from Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism. The case is argued that Darwinism has shown that humans have no special moral significance, but should be accorded the same moral standing as any other animals species. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 2.
A review of the book, Bones of Contention: Controversies in the Search for Human Origins. The book discusses the very human side of science, especially as exhibited by the history of paleoanthropology. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 2.
Ancient Near Eastern views should be considered part of the history of the idea of evolution. The biblical Creation account, in describing the divine actions through which God actually brought the cosmos into existence, was likely deconstructing the alternative theories or speculations of origins available in the Ancient Near East. Consequently, the biblical narrative can be used as well to deconstruct contemporary cosmogonies and evolution. This article was originally published on Perspective Digest, v.24/3.
An average of 70 mutations occur in each person.
A reivew of the book, Uniqueness and Diversity in Human Evolution. Comparison of Australopithecus and Homo using multivariate statistics does not support the claim that australopithecines are ancestral to humans. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
A review of the book, The Missing Link (The Emergence of Man Series, Vol II). Australopithecines are presented as the evolutionary link between fossil apes and humans. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book “The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
The iconic “March of Progress” is misleading
Why am I conscious of my purpose?
Adam’s role and identity in the Genesis account, his use in the New Testament, and his theological function in major Christian doctrines have become the epicenter of the new discussion concerning human origins. The hermeneutical and theological dilemmas created by these new proposals are ground shaking when it comes to the assumed stance on origins and soteriology sustained by an increasing number of Evangelicals. Slowly but surely this paradigm shift among and within Evangelicals is affecting their understanding of Scripture, and of its authority and primacy in matters of doctrine. Article published in Reflections, n. 80, newsletter of the Biblical Research Institute.
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Were there really cave men? Are there really fossils that look like primitive humans? Were Neanderthals true humans? What are "archaic" human fossils? What were the erectines? What were the australopithecines? Do fossil foot bones of australopithecines indicate they were fully bipedal? Is there an evolutionary sequence leading from apes to humans? What about the giant humans that lived before the flood? Have any been found? Was there really a “Stone Age”? Did humans hunt mammoths? How did the races of humans originate? Are some of them marked by a curse? What unsolved questions about fossil humans are of greatest interest?
Illustrates complex and functional systems in terrestrial organisms and addresses the uniqueness of humans
Christopher Rupe and John C. Sanford. 2019 (2nd edition). FMS Publications. ISBN-13: 978-0981631684
A critical outlook at the hominin fossil record and its conflicting interpretations in the field of paleoanthropology
Examples of design in land animals and humans
Peter Harrison, 2007. Cambridge University Press. 300 pages. ISBN-13: 978-0521117296
Book review by J. Gibson
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