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Beauty and Intelligent Design–by Bernard Brandstater
We are warned in Romans 1:20 that those who observe God’s handiwork yet do not believe “are without excuse.” Before the artist-Creator we must stand in awe.
What Can We Do at Home to Care for the Environment?–by Carrie A. C. Wolfe
As Christians, we believe that God created the Earth and us, and has entrusted us to care for the planet and each other. What are some practical things that we can do at home to care for the Earth’s environment?
How Can Environmental Care be Grounded in Biblical Theology?–by Rahel Davidson Schafer
Creation and Sabbath provide key rationale for the continued necessity of earth care. In the biblical theology of conservation, we cannot dismiss care for animals and care for the environment by reasoning that the earth will eventually be “burned up” (2 Pet. 3:10). All living creatures are co-inhabitants on the earth, and as they also depend on its ecosystems for survival, the Bible holds humankind responsible for the preservation of the earth and the care of all living creatures.
Creationism: Contrastive Perspectives and Values–by John T. Baldwin
In the contemporary scientific academy, as is well-known, the word “creationism” derisively refers to a worldview irrevocably rejected by the secular scientific community in general. What may be less well-known is that there are contrastive worldviews generally subsumed under the term “creationism.”
Sabbath, Creation and Redemption–by John T. Baldwin
The Sabbath, a day set aside to honor the Creator, provides an important opportunity to review briefly two spiritual riches, among many, of the Genesis Creation narratives.
The Bible, The Creation and The Reformation–by Timothy G. Standish
October 31, 2017 marked 500 years since Martin Luther strode through the crisp autumn air of Wittenberg’s streets, making his way toward the Castle Church. Clutched in his hand were nails, a hammer and a revolutionary document.
Why I Care for the Creation–by Davide Sciarabba
The creation of God was designed to exist in goodness and harmony. To keep this harmony, God entrusts human beings with the duty to take care of the earth. The message of Scripture encourages us to foster ethical behavior towards the creation, centered on caring and stewarding, for at least seven main reasons.
A Physicist’s Look at Nature and the Nature of God–by Alfredo Suzuki
Because the creation of God bears undeniable evidence of its Author, there are things in nature that may reflect – even though in a very pale way – some of the characteristics of the nature of God. What follows are two analogies from physics that can serve as illustrations for aspects of the Divinity.
Intelligent Design, Natural Selection, and God–by L. James Gibson
Could not God have used the process of natural selection to create living organisms? What evidence might one use to answer that question? Published in Origins v. 25, n. 2.
Biblical Evidence for the Universality of the Flood–by Richard M. Davidson
A review of the nature and characteristics of the Genesis text leads to the conclusion that the biblical flood was global in extent. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
The “Days" of Creation in Genesis 1: Literal or Figurative?–by Gerhard F. Hasel
The question of whether the six days of creation were actual 24-hour periods of time or only symbolic representations of millions of years has been debated for centuries. During the past century and a half, with recognition of the theory of evolution and its vast eons of time, the matter has been under more serious scrutiny. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 1.
Progressive Creation and Biblical Revelation: Some Theological Implications–by John T. Baldwin
The purpose of this essay is to examine the intellectual roots and the current status of the discussion concerning progressive creationism and to identify and evaluate eight theological implications of affirming the presence of death for millions of years prior to the appearance of humans in the geologic column. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 2.
The Antediluvians–by William H. Shea
Genesis 3-6 tells of the experiences of some of the earliest members of the human race. Form an evolutionary approach to biology, geology, or biblical studies, the "antediluvians" cannot be historical figures. A more direct reading of the biblical text, on the other hand, indicates that the author of these narratives and lists understood them to be historical individuals. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 1.
Flood Stories–by Ariel A. Roth
Cultural legends of a prehistoric global flood are found throughout the world. The frequency and widespread nature of these stories imply an actual historical event as their basis. Published in Origins v 17, n. 2.
Literary Structural Parallels Between Genesis 1 and 2–by William H. Shea
This study addresses the problem that is presented by the common literary critical appraoch to the two creation narratives in Genesis 1 and 2. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 2.
A Comparison of Narrative Elements in Ancient Mesopotamian Creation-Flood Stories with Genesis 1-9–by William H. Shea
From the parallels in form and content between Creation-Flood stories, is is more likely that someone (i.e., Moses) recorded such a work in the 15th century B.C. rather to attribute them to a collection of fragments that were distributed through the first half of the first millenium B.C. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 1.
The Genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11: A Statistical Study–by James L. Hayward, Donald E. Casebolt
The numerical ages of the partriarchs listed in Genesis 5 and 11 seem nonrandom, as though they were recorded in some kind of preferred pattern. This suggests the figures should not be used to estimate chronology before the time of Abraham. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 2.
A Review of Recent Data from the Region of the Ark-Shaped Formation in the Tendurek Mountains of Eastern Turkey–by William H. Shea
A rock formation the approximate size and shape of Noah's ark is located in the Tendurek Mountains, and has been proposed as the site of the ark. Investigations of the site, known as the Durupinar site, have given inconclusive results. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 2.
The Word "Earth" in Genesis 1:1–by Niels-Erik Andreasen
Does the word "earth" refer a) to the physical material of the earth; b) to the planet earth as a part of our solar system; c) to our earth in the sense of the land upon which life can exist? We will address this question very briefly by reviewing four problems. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 1.
Implications of Various Interpretations of the Fossil Record–by Ariel A. Roth
The various interpretations of the fossil record given above show how one can gradually change his ideas from a belief in creation as described in the Bible to naturalistic evolution. There are sociological factors that favor a trend in this direction. This writer hopes that efforts will be made to go in the opposite direction closer to God. Man's most important relationship is with his God, and we should do all we can to improve it. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 2.
Genesis 5 and 11: Chronogenealogies in the Biblical History of Beginnings–by Gerhard F. Hasel
It is important to consider Genesis 5 and 11 in view of: 1) their unique nature and function in the book of Genesis and in relation to other genealogies, 2) their textual history, and 3) their interpretation. It shall be the purpose of this paper to reflect on the first two of these areas of importance. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 1.
The Structure of the Genesis Flood Narrative and Its Implications–by William H. Shea
Analysis of the literary structure of the Flood narrative shows that it is the product of a single author, and not a compilation from various sources. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 1.
Some Issues Regarding the Nature and Universality of the Genesis Flood Narrative–by Gerhard F. Hasel
The account of the flood as given in Genesis is brief, and many different interpretations have been given to the events described therin. Three expressions used in that narrative will be analyzed below in an attempt to show their original meaning. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
The Unity of the Creation Account–by William H. Shea
There is a distinct "name" theology involved in the distribution of the different names used for God in Genesis 1 and 2. The author who composed these two narratives as part of a larger whole wished to say something specific about God by using these names this way. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 1.
The Biblical View of the Extent of the Flood–by Gerhard F. Hasel
There are two conflicting schools of interpretation regarding the extent of the Genesis flood. Traditionally the Biblical flood narrative has been understood to refer to a universal catastrophe, but on the basis of considerations from the natural sciences, commentators and interpreters began to seek for a limited flood theory or relative view of the Genesis flood. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
The Cruelty of Nature–by Gerald Wheeler
Scripture gives the Christian scientist a foundation from which to begin his exploration of how the forces of evil reshaped a world created perfect. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
The Fountains of the Great Deep–by Gerhard F. Hasel
The words "burst forth" correspond to the words "were opened" and the expression "the fountains of the great deep" corresponds to the "windows of the heavens." This chiastic parallelism indicates that the waters below the ground came forth as the waters above the ground broke loose. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
“Dying You Shall Die”: The Meaning of Genesis 2:17–by Stephen Bauer
To interpret Genesis 2:17 as announcing natural consequences instead of a juridical penalty ignores the overwhelming biblical evidence of how authors used the phrase in question throughout the Old Testament. As such, the natural consequences interpretation seems to establish human arbiters as higher authorities than the text to determine its truthfulness and relevance.
Days of Genesis 1: Literal or Nonliteral?–by Niels-Erik Andreasen
Does the word "earth" refer a) to the physical material of the earth; b) to the planet earth as a part of our solar system; c) to our earth in the sense of the land upon which life can exist? We will address this question very briefly by reviewing four problems.
Genesis 1:14 – Translation Notes–by H. Ross Cole
The purpose of these notes is twofold: first, to evaluate John H. Sailhamer's argument that Gen 1:14 does not place the creation of the heavenly lights on the fourth day of Creation; and second, to determine whether the term "appointed times" in Gen 1:14 is used to designate annual sacred times or particular rhythms of the natural cycle.
Does Genesis Really Teach a Literal, Seven-day Creation Week and a Global Flood?–by Richard M. Davidson
We have no information in Scripture as to how long ago God created the universe as a whole. But there is evidence strongly suggesting that the Creation week described in Genesis was recent, some time in the past several thousand years, and not hundreds of thousands.
In the Beginning: How to Interpret Genesis 1–by Richard M. Davidson
An analysis of Genesis chapter 1 is not as simple and straightforward as a casual reading of the biblical text may suggest. Modern interpretation of biblical cosmogony (understanding of origins) in Genesis 1 is extremely complicated, divided between the non-literal and the literal. We will briefly describe seven such interpretations, and evaluate each in the light of the biblical data.
Light on the First Day of Creation–by Richard M. Davidson
The Genesis story refutes the worship of nature, including the popular sun-god. Light and the daily cycle were created by God and are dependent on Him. Later in the Creation week, God gave these responsibilities in the heavens to the sun and the moon, just as He passed on to human beings the responsibility for stewardship of the earth, its natural cover, and its creatures.
Where Did the Light on the First Day of Creation Week Come From?–by Richard M. Davidson
Davidson, R. M. (2003). , Perspective Digest, 8(2), 60-62.
Theologians have given a number of answers. In this short article, Dr. Davidson discusses five. Published on Perspective Digest 8, no. 2 (2003): 60–62.
The Meaning of “Let Us” in Genesis 1:26–by Gerhard F. Hasel
The plural "let us" in the phrase "let us make man" in Gn 1:26 has a long history of interpretation, reaching into pre-Christian times. What does the plural "us" in this enigmatic phrase indicate?
The Meaning of Genesis 1:1–by Gerhard F. Hasel
It may be surprising to some students of the Bible that the translation and meaning of the opening words of the Bible are disputed. For 2,000 years the first verse of the Bible has been officially translated into Western languages with the familiar words, "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth." Now three authorized versions of the Jewish, Roman Catholic, and Protestant communities translate the first verse of the Bible differently.
Some Notes on Translating Genesis 1:16–by Colin L. House
The translation of 1781 as the preposition "with" removes the anomaly of the stars being created on the fourth day of the creation week. It follows that the issue of the creation of the stars is not necessarily a specific topic within the horizon of the creation pericope of Gen 1:1-2:4a.
Interpretation of B're’šît in the Context of Genesis 1:1-3–by Jiří Moskala
In spite of some interpretative difficulties with Gen 1:1-3, the main message and intent of the author are clear: God is the Creator of the heavens and earth, i.e., the whole universe and the ultimate source of life. The creation process was done by his special intervention.
The Earth of Genesis 1:2: Abiotic or Chaotic? Part 1–by Roberto Ouro
The concept that appears in Gen 1:2 is an abiotic concept of the earth; i.e., Gen 1:2 describes an earth in which there is no life; it presents the absence of life-vegetable, animal, and human.
The Earth of Genesis 1:2: Abiotic or Chaotic? Part 2–by Roberto Ouro
The description of t'hom in Gen 1:2 does not derive from the influence of any Ancient Near Eastern mythology but it is based on the Hebrew conception of the world which explicitly rejects the mythological notions of surrounding nations.
The Earth of Genesis 1:2: Abiotic or Chaotic? Part 3–by Roberto Ouro
This analysis of the Heb of Gen 1:2 has sought to find answers to difficult questions. Does Gen 1:2 describe a watery chaos that existed before the Creation? Is there a direct relationship between Gen 1:2 and the mythology called Chaoskampf?
The “Kinds” of Genesis 1: What is the Meaning of Mîn?–by Rahel Davidson Schafer
Animals can change in small or even large ways to adapt to their surroundings, but humans were created as God’s perfect climax to all that had thus far been created.
Crucial Questions of Interpretation in Genesis 1–by Randall W. Younker
The focus of this article is on Genesis 1. The most crucial questions which are persistently raised will be considered, including the relation of v. 1 to the rest of the chapter, the meaning of the terms "deep" (v. 2) and "expanse" (vv. 6-8), and, finally, the creation of light on the first day with the somewhat oblique references to the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day.
The Literary Structure of the Genesis Creation Story–by Jacques B. Doukhan
The Documentary hypothesis and the so-called Tatbericht-Wortbericht theory have been the two main starting points of any relevant scholarly study of this text. Recently, under the influence of contemporary literary studies, attention has been drawn to the validity of the synchronic approach, and more and more scholars have thus become aware of the importance of the literary structure of this text.
Does Genesis 2 Contradict Genesis 1?–by Paul Hou Kang Luo
One day a minister said to me, "There seems to be a contradiction between chapters 1 and 2 of Genesis. Chapter 1 tells us that God created the animals first and then created man, but chapter 2 says that God created man before the animals. How do you ex plain this difficult problem?"
A Fresh Look at Two Genesis Creation Accounts: Contradictions?–by Jiří Moskala
One would be exegetically blind to not see differences between the first (Gen 1:1–2:4a) and the second (Gen 2:4b-25) Genesis creation accounts. Do they stand in opposition to each other?
The Garden of Eden Account: The Chiastic Structure of Genesis 2-3–by Roberto Ouro
The literary analyses performed in this study provide evidence of the deep unity of the Hebrew text of Gen 2-3, both in its literary structure and in its though content. The antithetical chiastic microstructures and the parallel panel microstructures demonstrate that the GEA of Gen 2-3 comprises one literary unity.
Linguistic and Thematic Parallels Between Genesis 1 and 3–by Roberto Ouro
A superficial glance may give the impression that there are no points of correspondence between Genesis 1 and 3. However, a deeper and more exhaustive analysis from linguistic, literary, and thematic perspectives reveals that there are indeed significant similarities between these two chapters.
Cain, Abel, Seth and the Meaning of Human Life as Portrayed in Genesis and Ecclesiastes–by Radiša Antic
The meaninglessness brought into the world through Cain's murder of his brother is forever revoked by the death of Jesus, the second Adam.
Christ, Character and Creation. The “Former Things” and the Creator–by John T. Baldwin
It matters greatly what model of earth history we adopt. This explains why Jesus carefully worded the first angel’s message to endorse a special creation worldview and a global flood, both so important to the worship of the Creator. How beautifully, then, the name Seventh-day Adventist testifies to the goodness and worship worthiness of our God, the benevolent Creator, who banishes forever the “former things.”
Creation and Flood Implications of the First Angel’s Message in Revelation 14:7–by John T. Baldwin
Spiritually, in the end time, we sorely need to know the truth about the two key earth history issues discussed above— Creation and the Flood—because the way in which these questions are answered can either establish or undermine living faith in God.
Evolution, Theology and Method: Part 1: Outline and Limits of Scientific Methodology–by Fernando Canale
The creation-evolution debate generally takes place at the level of conclusion without taking into account the nature of the processes through which theologians and scientists arrive at their respective beliefs.
Evolution, Theology and Method: Part 2: Scientific Method and Evolution–by Fernando Canale
Is the epistemological certainty of evolutionary theory so absolute that Christian theologians should feel rationally compelled to accept its conclusions even if they explicitly contradict the teachings of biblical revelation on the origin of life on our planet?
Evolution, Theology and Method: Part 3: Evolution and Adventist Theology–by Fernando Canale
Revelation, rather than reason, is the source of explanation and truth for those who believe in God and his revelation in Scripture. The Bible's words and inner logic, however, still need interpretation. That is why we need to place all Christian theologies, including Adventist theologies, under careful methodological criticism to make certain we understand biblical thinking on its own terms and not from hermeneutical presuppositions defined by philosophy, science, and culture. Only then can we say in practice that the Bible is the foundation of truth.
The Sabbath and Genesis 2:1-3–by H. Ross Cole
There is general agreement that the weekly Sabbath is at least partly in view in Gen 2:l-3. The more controverted point is whether it is presented as a Creation ordinance, i.e., as something commanded for human beings to keep from the beginning of human history.
The Theology of Sexuality in the Beginning: Genesis 1-2–by Richard M. Davidson
The first two chapters of the Bible deal directly with the question of human sexuality. Not only is human sexuality presented as a basic fact of creation, but an elucidation of the nature of sexuality constitutes a central part of the Creation accounts.
The Theology of Sexuality in the Beginning: Genesis 3–by Richard M. Davidson
The creation accounts (Gen 1-2) coupled with the portrayal of disruption and divine judgment presented in Gen 3 have been described as of seminal character and determinative for a biblical theology of human sexuality.
A Biblical Theology of Creation–by Richard M. Davidson
A biblical theology of Creation is summarized in the four basics of reality contained in Genesis 1:1: "In the beginning," "God," "created," and "the heavens and the earth."
The Biblical Account of Origins–by Richard M. Davidson
In this paper we will take up each element of the creation story in turn, with special emphasis upon the “when” and aspects of the other elements that impinge upon the relationship between Scripture and science.
Seventh-day Darwinians, Redux–by Clifford Goldstein
The whole purpose of the great controversy scenario is to vindicate God from the responsibility for the evil that theistic evolution attributes to Him by virtue of how He created.
Basic Issues Between Science and Scripture: Theological Implications of Alternative Models and the Necessary Basis for the Sabbath in Genesis 1-2–by Norman R. Gulley
This paper divides into four sections: (1) Some problems facing evolutionists and biblical creationists. (2) Alternate models for creation held by Bible believing scholars, including views held by some Seventh-day Adventist scholars. (3) The biblical record of creation with a literal week as a necessary basis for Sabbath-keeping. (4) The biblical meaning of the Sabbath as unfolded in biblical history, with its solid basis in the creation account.
Beyond Arithmetic: the Truth of Creation–by F. E. J. Harder
Throughout the Old Testament the phrase, "the heavens and the earth," is used as the nearest Hebrew equivalent to our term, "universe."
Equality from the Start: Woman in the Creation Story–by Gerhard F. Hasel
The first three chapters of Genesis are of crucial importance for both the origins of our world and for determining relationships between man and woman. Without these chapters, any understanding of the mutuality between man and woman is impaired and one-sided.
Genesis One in Historical-critical Perspective–by Larry G. Herr
I hope to illustrate how an approach that attends to the culture, history, philosophy and religion of the Bible's time and place can enhance our understanding of its message.
Theological Dimensions of the Christian Doctrine of Creation–by Earle Hilgert
Only in confrontation by God in Christ and only in commitment to him through faith does the meaning of creation come Only in the experience of re-creation in Christ can we truly confess that we believe in God the Father almighty, the maker of heaven and earth.
The Doctrine of Beginnings–by Warren H. Johns
The way we perceive God, the way we look at the world around us, and the way we understand our own selves all have their roots in the opening verse of Scripture: "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth."
“He Spake and it was Done”: Luther’s Creation Theology in His 1535 Lectures on Genesis 1:1-2:4–by Denis Kaiser
Martin Luther approached the issue of origins from the basic premise that the Bible is the only safe and reliable source of information on that topic, being superior to the writings of philosophers, theologians, astronomers, and scientists.
The Documentary Hypothesis–by Greg A. King
The purpose of this paper is to present a brief historical sketch concerning the authorship of the Pentateuch, explain and evaluate the documentary hypothesis, and set forth some suggestions as to how Christians who take the Bible seriously should view this matter of pentateuchal composition.
Creation and Apocalypse–by Larry L. Lichtenwalter
Revelation’s vibrant and sustained confession of God as Creator reveals a highly reflective consciousness of God that elicits both worship and moral response. His Creation, sovereignty, life and self-existence, holiness, throne, righteous acts, justice, and transcendence presuppose the Genesis narrative.
The Sabbath in the First Creation Account–by Jiří Moskala
The seventh day of the week, the Sabbath, plays a dominant role in the first Creation story, and the purpose of this article is to clarify major issues related to that fact.
Creation in the New Testament–by Ekkehardt Mueller
In this paper we will take a look at the NT references to creation, discuss the contribution of Jesus and his disciples to the theology of creation, and draw some conclusions for our present situation.
Human Suffering and Creation: the Surprising Missing Link–by Tom Shepherd
What does humans suffering have to do with the doctrine of creation?
Faith-Science Issues: An Epistemological Perspective–by E. Edward Zinke
The fundamental issue in the debate between theistic evolution and special creation is the question of authority and knowledge. How do I know what I know, and upon what foundation is it possible for me to have an understanding of the world in which I live?
The “Seed” in Genesis 3:15: An Exegetical and Intertextual Study–by Afolarin Olutunde Ojewole
This dissertation analyzes Gen 3:15 exegetically, intratextually, and intertextually, tracing the meaning of this "seed" in Genesis, the rest of the Old Testament, and New Testament.
The Great Reversal: Thematic Links Between Genesis 2 and 3–by Zdravko Stefanovic
A structural study of Genesis chapters 2 and 3 reveals the presence of a chiasm in the narrative and strongly suggests the unity of the story as argued by scholars.
Creation and a Logical Faith–by Ed Christian
I don't have much faith in logic as a solution to the world's problems, but I do want a logical faith. I don't demand that my faith correspond to "scientific logic" as presently conceived, but I do expect it to be consistent throughout.
The First Week: A Believing Scientist Reads Genesis 1–by L. James Gibson
The story of our origins is a vital part of our understanding of ourselves and our world. Although many details of creation are not well understood, the Genesis story of origins provides the logical foundation for the gospel. Both science and Scripture contain many mysteries, but we can see enough to understand that the creation is the result of intentional, supernatural action by a loving Creator, and we can share this good news with others.
Issues in Intermediate Models of Origins–by L. James Gibson
Many models have been proposed that tend to blur some of the contrasts between the biblical and naturalistic theories. A number of attempts have been made to develop intermediate models in which elements of the biblical story of creation are mixed with elements of the scientific story of origins. All of these models share the biblical idea that nature is the result of divine purpose and the “scientific” idea of long ages of time, but all suffer from serious scientific problems or are entirely ad hoc and conjectural.
Creation in the Prophetic Literature of the Old Testament: An Intertextual Approach–by Martin G. Klingbeil
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book "The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
Inspiration, the Natural Sciences, and a Window of Opportunity?–by John T. Baldwin
Now is the time to tremble at the words of the God of Israel, particularly in the creation and flood narratives, and not to tremble at the words of Darwin, whose theory is in crisis.
Cracks in the Evolutionary Facade–by John T. Baldwin
Darwin's theory is in crisis. The academic ball is in its court. What will the Adventist ministry speak in response? The general community, for the time being at least, is listening.
God, the Sparrow and the Emerald Tree Boa–by John T. Baldwin
The seven biblical principles discussed in this article regarding the effect of sin on nature show how the Christian may discern God’s loving character in nature and also the marks of Satan’s activity.
Darwin and the Gospel Commission: How Does Our View of Origins Impact the Evangelistic Mission of the Church?–by Stephen Bauer
Our mission is to prepare people to give account of themselves to a sovereign, yet loving, almighty moral governor and to prepare them for the eschatological restoration of all things which begins at the second coming of Christ in glory. It seems clear that the expulsion of teleology required by Darwinism will be catastrophic to the mission praxis of the Adventist church.
Catastrophe and the Creator–by Sandra Blackmer
Many of us struggle to correlate catastrophe and the Creator – and perhaps never more frequently than now.
Adventist Theology and Deep Time/Evolutionary Theory: Are They Compatible?–by Fernando Canale
The goal of this essay is to assess the compatibility of Adventist theology with deep time and the evolutionary reconstruction of the origins of earth history.
Natural Disasters: Acts of God or Acts of Satan?–by Herbert E. Douglass
During the past few years, our planet has been experiencing an increasing number of natural disasters–earthquakes, hurricanes, droughts, floods, and a devastating tsunami. Bible-believing Christians have pondered about the role that God and Satan play as the ultimate actors in a cosmic drama. Are these calamities pointing toward a culminating event in human history?
What Happens to Biblical Truth if the SDA Church Accepts Theistic Evolution?–by Norman R. Gulley
Darwin’s view of God is contrary to the biblical view of God and should give Christians pause before buying into Darwin’s naturalism and attempting to wed it to the supernatural in a theistic evolutionary synthesis.
Creation: The Foundational Importance of Scripture as Revelation–by Norman R. Gulley
Did God create the world and its environs in six days or did He use a natural process through billions of years? Two studies help to answer this question: an examination of methodological naturalism in the light of recent contributions made by the Intelligent Design movement and an examination of Scripture as revelation.
The Use of Science in Theology: Case Studies of Langdon B. Gilkey and Thomas A. Torrance–by Martin F. Hanna
In response to the postmodern shift, Torrance proposes a Christocentric-dialogical model for the use of science in theology while Gilkey proposes a cosmocentric-dialectical model. There is comparison and contrast between the models in each area evaluated in this study.
Science and Theology: Focusing the Complementary Lights of Jesus, Scripture, and Nature–by Martin F. Hanna
The purpose of this study is to explore the complex relations between science and theology and to suggest a viable solution to this group of problems.
Living with Confidence Despite Some Open Questions: Upholding the Biblical Truth of Creation Amidst Theological Pluralism–by Frank M. Hasel
First we will briefly look at the role creation plays in Scripture and its significance to biblical faith. We will then consider the relationship between faith and natural science before pointing out some aspects that can help us, I trust, to live confidently despite some open questions and to uphold the biblical truth of creation amidst theological pluralism.
The Theological Value of the Creation Account–by Greg A. King
Even while Genesis 1 and 2 remind us of God's perfect creation of long ago, it holds out the hope of a new creation, a world restored to its original perfection and beauty and harmony.
Is Biblical Creation Important? Seven Reasons why it Really Does Matter what we Believe about Creation–by Greg A. King
The first reason that what we believe about Creation matters is that the Bible sets forth a clear position on it; and the Adventist Church accepts Scripture as authoritative. A second reason why it matters what we believe about Creation follows the first naturally: Jesus had a position on Creation, and the church’s position should be in harmony.
Creation — the Sine Qua Non of Adventist Theology–by Jiří Moskala
Creation is crucial for our theology because, I am deeply convinced, all our essential doctrinal points can be directly or indirectly traced to the Creation roots. Each of our 27 fundamental beliefs is somehow tied to Creation.
Natural Dissent: The Ethics of Evolutionary Biology–by Ronald Osborn
Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection was inspired not primarily by his observations of the natural world, but by Thomas Malthus's theory of scarcity.
In the Beginning, God–by Gerhard Pfandl
The last few years have shown that there are a number of views on creation within the Adventist Church. Not all of them can be right. Should theistic evolution become more and more accept ed, we will be in danger of losing the biblical foundation for the Sabbath and our understanding of salvation.
Is It Reasonable to Believe in a Recent Six-day Creation?–by Gheorghe Razmerita
While science has been associated with “reason” and thus is expected to be reasonable, creationism has been associated by many with “faith,” and thus seems to be incompatible with anything “reasonable.” But biblical faith, in this case faith in creation, is “reasonable” in the sense that it is not mythical and/or irrational; on the contrary, it presents historical (the Bible is also a historical document), natural and sensible evidence for its claims.
Jesus: God’s Agent of Creation–by Calvin D. Redmond
One aspect of the person and work of Jesus Christ that has not been explored adequately is the work of the preincarnate Logos in the creation of the earth and universe. This study is an attempt to stimulate discussion relating to a biblical understanding of the work of Jesus in creation.
Thorns Also and Thistles–by Warren A. Shipton
In this article I examine the biblical record, selected evidences of science, and the resources of the Spirit of Prophecy in an attempt to answer some of the basic questions regarding the nature of selected curses proclaimed by God on the earth after the Fall.
The Adventist Message and the Challenge of Evolution–by Marco T. Terreros
The doctrine of Creation occupies an important place in Seventh-day Adventist message and mission. The reason for this is twofold: First, Adventists believe in a fiat Creation; and second, they are committed to the proclamation of the three angels’ message of Revelation 14.
Divine Accommodation and Biblical Creation: Calvin Vs McGrath–by Peter M. Van Bemmelen
In two recent publications, Alister McGrath cites John Calvin in support of divine accommodation in a theory of origins. In order to evaluate the validity of McGrath's use of Calvin, it is necessary, first, to look briefly at the concept of divine accommodation and its use as a hermeneutical tool.
Can We Believe in Miracles?–by Norman H. Young
In the Gospels, faith is both the preparation for and the product of Jesus’ miracles. The resurrection of Jesus is, of course, the supreme miracle of the gospel and is indeed the basis of Christianity. The grounds for believing in it are cogent, but no amount of evidence can convince those who at the outset assume the impossibility of such an event.
Consequences of Moving Away from a Recent Six-day Creation–by Randall W. Younker
During the last two years we have heard many papers that challenge the traditional Adventist, biblically-founded position of a recent six-day creation. I believe there are many problems with the “objections” and the alternatives they offer.
A Descriptive Analysis of Creation Concepts and Themes in the Book of the Psalms–by Gnanamuthu S. Wilson
This descriptive analysis provides a comprehensive and wholistic view of Creation in the Book of Psalms.
Theistic Evolution: Implications for the Role of Creation in Seventh-day Adventist Theology–by E. Edward Zinke
The Adventist faith will not be itself if it accepts theistic evolution. The active God who created by the word of His mouth, who communicated through the prophets, who lived among us, died in our place, was resurrected and ascended to minister for us, who will return the second time to gather us to Himself, who will resurrect the dead and re-create the new earth, and who will finally destroy sin, cannot be worshiped if He does not exist. This article was originally published on Perspective Digest, v. 18/4.
Creation and the Certainty of the Second Coming–by E. Edward Zinke
Christianity is a relationship with God and Jesus Christ. It is not an imaginary, contentless relationship, but one based upon knowledge of the “only true God” (John 17:3). If our relationship is with any other deity, it is idolatry. Whether in its Darwinian form that rejects the existence of God, or in its theistic manifestation that claims God as influencer of the evolutionary process, the theory of evolution denies the biblical doctrine of God.
A New Look at the Genesis 5 and 11 Fluidity Problem–by Travis R. Freeman
Since the nineteenth century, OT scholars have generally expressed the opinion that the genealogies in Gen 5 and 11 contain generational and chronological gaps and thus cannot be used, as James Ussher did, for chronological purposes. Such a view, however, is troubling to some scholars, mostly young-earth creationists, who insist that Gen 5 and 11 clearly present a continuous and no-gap genealogy.
The Genesis Genealogies as an Index of Time–by Lawrence T. Geraty
The age of the earth and the antiquity of man are of no particular theological import in and of themselves, though theologians have become interested in the subject because of the purported discrepancy between the biblical view of these periods and that now held by most modern scientists.
The Genealogies of Genesis 5 and 11 and Their Alleged Babylonian Background–by Gerhard F. Hasel
With the discovery in the early 1870's of the Babylonian flood account, which was recognized to be closely related to the flood story in Genesis, there was opened a new chapter of comparative studies relating the various aspects of the book of Genesis to materials uncovered from ancient Near Eastern civilizations.
Can the Bible Establish the Age of the Earth?–by Siegfried H. Horn
I maintain that there is no biblical basis for any date in the B. C. scale for a biblical event preceding the birth of Abraham.
The Successive, Corresponding Epochal Arrangement of the ‘Chronogenealogies’ of Genesis 5 and 11B in the Three Textual Traditions: LXXA, SP, and MT–by Colin L. House
The prepaternal data of Gen 5 and 11b were found to be artificial and unilaterally derivative; LXXA contained data which SP rearranged and the highly schematized MT later drew upon both LXXA and SP for its arrangement.
How Accurate is Biblical Chronology?–by Warren H. Johns
Thiele discovered an underlying harmony in the Biblical records that is not only internal but external as well. Once he solved these apparent discrepancies in the Biblical data, he found that the reigns of the Jewish kings matched the Assyrian chronology perfectly.
Adam in Ancient Mesopotamian Traditions–by William H. Shea
Since the recovery and publication of texts from the Ancient Near East is a continuing endeavor, the materials already published need to be reexamined from time to time in the light of more recent information.
The Genesis Flood Narrative: Crucial Issues in the Current Debate–by Richard M. Davidson
The purpose of this article is to examine major interrelated issues that are present in current discussions about the biblical Flood narrative of Gen 6-9.
Genesis 9:1-7: Its Theological Connects with the Creation Motif–by Kenneth Mulzac
It is this writer’s desire to demonstrate the theological connections between the events after the flood and the Creation motif.
A Universal Flood: Does the Bible Teach that Noah's Flood was Universal?–by Ángel M. Rodríguez
An unbiased reading of Genesis 6-8 unquestionably demonstrates that Noah’s flood was universal. Reasons for its denial are located in sources from outside the Scriptures, such as scientific arguments and the mythology of the ancient Near East.
The Flood: Just a Local Catastrophe?–by William H. Shea
An examination of archaeological evidence, linguistics, and literary traditions shows that a local Mesopotamian river valley flood cannot adequately explain the biblical flood.
Adam and Adapa: Two Anthropological Characters–by Niels-Erik Andreasen
The word "parallel," though difficult to replace, may be inappropriate and quite inadequate to take account of the complex relationships that exist between biblical and extrabiblical literary tradition. It is the purpose of this essay to address that problem with specific reference to the Adapa myth.
A Biblical Theology of the Flood–by Richard M. Davidson
The question of the extent of the Genesis flood is not just a matter of idle curiosity with little at stake for Christian faith. For those who see the days of creation in Genesis 1 as six, literal 24 hour days , a universal Flood is an absolute necessity to explain the existence of the geological column. A literal creation week is inextricably linked with a world-wide flood.
Theology of Judgment in Genesis 6-9–by Chun Sik Park
The present dissertation seeks to develop a theology of judgment in Gen 6-9. Following an introductory chapter, the second chapter is devoted to analyzing the three main extrabiblical ANE flood stories (the Eridu Genesis, the Atra-Hasis Epic, and the Gilgamesh Epic) from the four aspects of judgment: date, cause and purpose, extent, and procedure.
Death Before the Sin of Adam: a Fundamental Concept in Theistic Evolution and its Implications for Evangelical Theology–by Marco T. Terreros
For theistic evolution, a long history of death preceded the appearance of Adam, implying that death is not connected to Adam's sin. The purpose of the dissertation is to discover how this latter notion impacts evangelical theology with respect to the atonement and other areas in terms of possible theological implications.
Is All Death a Consequence of Sin? Theological Implications of Alternative Models–by Marco T. Terreros
Did physical death in all its forms, death in the animal kingdom, for example, come into the world exclusively as a result of the fall of man? Was there any kind of death on earth before the sin of Adam?
The Message of the Trees in the Midst of the Garden–by Sigve K. Tonstad
If, in Paradise Regained, it appears that the tree of knowledge has outplayed its peculiar role, that it is not there, or that it is somehow fused to its sister tree, forming an arch over the river of life, we should hesitate to conclude that God will ever be in retreat with respect to the ideology of freedom.
The Bible and the Philosophy of Science–by John T. Baldwin
The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess five elements of a Christian philosophy of science implied in the verse "worship Him who made the heaven and the earth, and sea, and the springs of waters" (Rev 14:7) which is so central to mainline Seventh-day Adventist theology.
Rivers out of Eden–by L. James Gibson
Four rivers are described in Genesis as flowing out of Eden. These rivers are unusual in that the diverge from each other rather than converging as modern rivers do. The explanation may be that they were designed to function in watering the earth, much as canals do today. Published in Origins n. 51.
Our Miraculous Planet Earth–by Sven Östring
This article explores the Bible’s teaching on God’s wonderful creation and examines whether our miraculous planet Earth was created relatively recently or some time before the Creation week got underway.
“When Death Was Not Yet": The Testimony of Biblical Creation–by Jacques B. Doukhan
The biblical view of death is essentially different from the one proposed by evolution. While the belief in evolution implies that death is inextricably intertwined with life and therefore has to be accepted and eventually managed, the biblical teaching of creation implies that death is an absurdity to be feared and rejected. Published in Dialogue 30/3.
The Genesis Creation Story: Text, Issues and truth–by Jacques B. Doukhan
This paper examines exegetically the Hebrew text of the biblical Creation story, paying close attention to its sounds, rhythm, words, syntax, literary structure in relation to its parallel text, and its literary genre and style, without ignoring its literary extrabiblical environment. Published in Origins n. 55.
The Dead Sea Scrolls, the Fourth Commandment and Deuteronomy 5–by Timothy G. Standish
In the manuscript, 4Q41 from ancient Dead Sea scrolls, the fourth commandment is given in an expanded the fourth commandment is given in an expanded form. In the English translation of 4Q41 includes Moses’ comment linking the Sabbath to redemption from slavery in Egypt while also including the original reference to the creation given in Exodus 20 and 31. Published in Origins, n. 62.
Problems with Time–by Aaron Corbit
LITERATURE REVIEWS A review of the book, A Matter of Days: Resolving a Creation Controversy. Published in Origins n. 59.
Literature reviews: Creation Reconsidered–by Paul A. Giem
A review of the book, Creation Reconsidered: Scientific, Biblical and Theological Perspectives. Published in Origins n. 54.
A Mechanism for Rapid Change?–by L. James Gibson
The idea that species have changed since the creation is implicit in creation theory. The extent of change is limited, but the rate of change can be quite rapid. Creationists should not be criticized for believing in fixity of species, because (limited) change in species has been incorporated into modern creation theory. Published in Origins n. 54.
Literature Reviews: Spreading out the Heavens–by Robert H. Brown
Review of The Origin of the Universe. Published in Origins n. 58.
A Natural Union–by Robert H. Brown
Review of the book, Scientific Theology. Published in Origins v. 24, n. 2.
Compromised Biblical Creationism–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Creation Compromises. Published in Origins v. 23, n. 1.
Biblical Creation and Ancient Near Eastern Evolutionary Ideas–by Ángel M. Rodríguez
Ancient Near Eastern views should be considered part of the history of the idea of evolution. The biblical Creation account, in describing the divine actions through which God actually brought the cosmos into existence, was likely deconstructing the alternative theories or speculations of origins available in the Ancient Near East. Consequently, the biblical narrative can be used as well to deconstruct contemporary cosmogonies and evolution. This article was originally published on Perspective Digest, v.24/3.
Two Sides of Several Questions–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, The Genesis Debate. Several questions regrding interprations of Genesis 1-11 are addressed, with both Yes and No responses representing different points of view. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 1.
A Scientist’s Attempt to Play Theologian–by Jerry R. Bergman
A review of the book, In the Beginning. The book attempts to explain Genesis from a naturalistic perspective, and his bias shows clearly. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 2.
Wood from the Ark — a Knotty Problem–by Richard D. Tkachuck
A review of the article, Wood from "Mount Ararat": Noah's Ark? Wood retrived from Mount Ararat dates by carbon-14 at about 700 AD, much too young to be related to Noah's ark. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 2.
Study in the John Day Country–by Dalton D. Baldwin
A meeting of the Bible-Science Subcommittee was held at Prineville, Oregon, where papers were read and discussed. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
Ark Fever–by Katherine Ching
A review of the books Noah's Ark: Fact or Fable?and The Ark File. Legends and stories of the ark on Mt. Ararat have not been confirmed. One must be careful not to be so eager to find the ark that one does not carefully check the evidence. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
Bible-Science Association Meets in Milwaukee–by Frank L. Marsh
The first large, public creationist convention ever held in the United States convened in the Holiday Inn Central in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, October 10-13, 1972. The object of this gathering was to strengthen belief in the Genesis account of creation through scientific disciplines. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
Flood Models Studied–by Arthur V. Chadwick
The Bible-Science Subcommittee of the Biblical Research Committee of the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists met a year ago to begin the development of an adequate flood model. Such a model proposes to correlate the Biblical description of the flood with geological and paleontological evidence. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
Literature Reviews–by Edward N. Lugeneal
A review of the book, The Missing Link (The Emergence of Man Series, Vol II). Australopithecines are presented as the evolutionary link between fossil apes and humans. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
The Unique Cosmology of Genesis 1 Against Ancient Near Eastern and Egyptian Parallels–by Michael G. Hasel, Gerhard F. Hasel
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book " The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament"
The Genesis Account of Origins–by Richard M. Davidson
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book "The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
“When Death Was Not Yet”: The Testimony of Biblical Creation–by Jacques B. Doukhan
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book "The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament"
Seventh-day Adventist Protology, 1844-2015: A Brief Historical Overview–by Alberto R. Timm
Published in Jiří Moskala, ed., Meeting with God on the Mountains: Essays in Honor of Richard M. Davidson (Berrien Springs, MI: Old Testament Department, Seventh-day Adventist Theological Society, Andrews University, 2016), 683-718.
Christianity and the Beginning of Science–by Timothy G. Standish
It is reasonable to assert that Christianity was an essential component of the culture in which modern science developed because it provided a more encouraging worldview for the investigation of nature than did alternative belief systems.
Protology and the Seventh-day Adventist Church: A Brief Historical Survey–by Sergio L. Silva
Since its establishment in 1863, Adventism has believed in biblical protology, but valued both the positive outcomes of the Enlightenment and Scriptural authority. The purpose of this essay is to trace how Adventists have maintained their belief in biblical protology since the inception of the church.
Christianity and the Development of Science: Part 1 – A General Discussion–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Warfare and conflict are often what come to mind when thinking about the relationship between science and religion. Some of the best known examples are arguably (Gould) the flat earth, the church's resistance to Galileo and his heliocentric system, Darwinian evolution, and the Scope's trial in Dayton, Tennessee.
Christianity and the Development of Science: Part 2 – The Founding Fathers of Science–by Benjamin L. Clausen
This second part of a series on Christianity and the Development of Science provides additional examples of well-known past scientists whose study of nature came from a desire to know the Creator better. Many of these men were active Christians and held administrative positions in the church. Their study of the Bible led them to view the world in a way that helped them understand nature.
Scientific Revolutions: Part 1–by L. James Gibson
Occasionally, the scientific community rejects an idea that was previously widely accepted and replaces it with a new idea, which becomes the current consensus. This rapid change in scientific opinion is known as a “scientific revolution.”
Scientific Revolutions: Part 2–by L. James Gibson
Science is not a straight pathway to total reality and truth, but involves numerous tentative conclusions, reversals of opinion, and inherent uncertainty. Its utility is not that it is always true, but that it is useful and leads to further discovery.
Alpine Ophiolites: Remnants of a Lost Ocean–by Ronny Nalin
In 1813, French geologist Alexandre Brongniart published a paper on the mineralogical classification of rocks where he introduced the new name “ophiolite” for a suite of dark rocks rich in the mineral serpentine. The name was coined from the Greek words for “snake” and “rock,” which seemed fitting, given the smooth dark green appearance of ophiolites, vaguely reminiscent of snake-skin.
"Laying Down the Pen"–by Ariel A. Roth
A farewell editorial by Dr. Ariel Roth, who has been editor of Origins since its inception in 1973, and Director of the Geoscience Research Insittute since 1980. Published in Origins v. 23, n. 2.
"Retro-Progressing"–by Ariel A. Roth
Claims that Christianity upheld the idea of a flat earth through the so-called "Dark Ages" until finally the light of science revealed the true sphericity of the world are fabrications of anti-Christian writers. The overwhelming majority of Medieval thinkers believed in a spherical earth. Such false stories have caused many to "retro-progress," with an increase in ignorance rather than in knowledge. Published in Origins v. 22, n. 1.
Name Dropping–by Ariel A. Roth
Both secularists and religionists have misused the fame of Darwin's name to bolster their claims. Darwin's true views on religion, although not completely known, were somewhat mixed, and it would be better not to invoke his name to support either side. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
On Altering Past and Future–by Katherine Ching
The effort by secular humanists to eliminate religion, particularly Christianity, from education, the media and the culture in general threaten to impoverish our future and jeopardize human freedom. Published in Origins v. 20, n. 2.
Fossils and Compassion–by Ariel A. Roth
Early in the history of paleontology, a university professor with an interest in fossils was tricked into collecting fabricated objects as fossils and published a book illustrating these false productions. As a result, Johann Beringer was ridiculed unmercifully. This is not a good example to follow. We all make mistakes, and we should show compassion when we find errors in the work of others. Published in Origins v. 19 n.2.
Historical Development of the Current Understanding of the Geologic Column: Part II–by Richard Ritland
the basic framework of the geologic column was founded by men with respect for Scripture, who, although not holding to conservative interpretations, opposed organic evolution. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 1.
Climatic Changes and Changes in Populations–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Climates have changed signficantly over time, resulting in movements of humans and other species. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 1.
Historical Development of the Current Understanding of the Geologic Column: Part I–by Richard Ritland
The crucial questions on the relationship of Genesis and geology, of religion and geological science nearly all hinge in some way on one's understanding of the meaning and significance of the geologic column. It is important, therefore, to understand something of its origin as a system. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 2.
Integrating Faith and Learning in the Teaching of Physics–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Historians of science have suggested that the Judea-Christian environment of western Europe and the belief in a monotheistic God were responsible for the development of modem science in that culture. Today students can still see that Christianity and physics are compatible and that similar assumptions underlie both.
Integrating Science and Scripture: The Case of Robert Boyle–by Kevin C. de Berg
Science and Scripture are built, according to Boyle, on the same epistemological features of revelation, reason, and experience but with different relative contributions from each.
The Bible and Physics–by Bill Mundy
The concept of a monotheistic God, who is the same yesterday, today and forever, not a plurality of capricious gods, suggested the universality, consistency and coherence of His creation. Among the contingently created beings were humans created in God's own image. This led to "the idea that we lesser rational beings might, by virtue of that Godlike rationality, be able to decipher the laws of nature."
Can a Scientist Also Be a Christian?–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Long ago, the Psalmist recorded a gem of inspiration: "The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands." Nature calls us to recognize its Creator and nature invites us to probe its mysteries. Within the context of that call and that invitation, there need be no conflict between biblical Christianity and science, between faith and reason. A scientist can indeed be a Christian.
Isaac Newton: Scientist and Theologian–by Ruy Carlos de Camargo Vieira
Newton was an unusual person—absent-minded and generous, sensitive to criticism and modest. He faced a series of psychological crises. He had trouble maintaining good social relations. Yet, he was one of history’s rare giants—a brilliant physicist, a superb astronomer and mathematician, and a natural philosopher.
Intelligent Design: Is It a Useful Concept?–by L. James Gibson
This article explores the usefulness of the idea of intelligent design in the context of modern (scientific) efforts to understand nature. Among the questions to be considered are whether intelligent design is a necessary inference from the properties of nature, and whether its incorporation into science would improve our ability to explore and understand nature.
Religion Always Loses?–by Paul A. Giem
Whenever religion and science have a dispute about some question of fact, religion always loses. So goes a common belief. The implication is that religion should never make any factual claims, as it has no contact with reality. For some religions, such an assertion is irrelevant, as these religions do not make any claims about the physical universe. But for biblical Christianity, such an assertion would be fatal.
Creationism: Still Valid in the New Millennium?
Creationism is a robust paradigm, fully capable of undergirding the scientific enterprise in the new millennium. Wider acceptance of creationism by the scientific community in the future will depend, in part, on how well theologians can convince scientists of the priceless value of revealed information.
Chance or Design? The Long Search for an Evolutionary Mechanism–by Ariel A. Roth
There has been a long and arduous search for a plausible evolutionary mechanism that would produce complex organized life. We shall look briefly at the past two centuries of this search.
When Science Rejected God–by Ariel A. Roth
At present, there is an almost absolute exclusion of God from scientific textbooks and journals. Unfortunately, such a closed attitude prevents science from following the data of nature wherever it may lead. Science cannot evaluate evidence for God as long as He is excluded from consideration.
The Faith Factor: New Testament Cosmology in its Historical Context–by Keith A. Burton
When all is said and done we are forced to answer the question that Yahweh posed to Job, “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?." We are forced to admit that when it comes to origins, the entire human race is ignorant. The only way to pacify our ignorance is by exercising faith. The question is, “In what will you place your faith?”
Can Science Refute Design?–by L. James Gibson
A review of Summer for the Gods. Published in Origins n. 51.
Species Variability and Creationism–by Todd C. Wood
Studies of species in the sixteenth century began with numerous suggestions of wide variability, but after Francesco Redi helped to falsify spontaneous generation, scholars began to view species as essentially fixed. Published in Origins, n. 62.
One Long Argument–by Timothy G. Standish
Current debate over Intelligent Design is simply the latest installment of one long argument. Published in Origins, n. 62.
Scriptural Geology–by Warren H. Johns
A commentary and review of the book, Scriptural Geology, 1820-1860: An Essay and Review. Published in Origins, n. 62.
The Godfather of Intelligent Design–by Nicholas Miller
A review of the book, Darwin's Nemesis: Phillip Johnson and the Intelligent Design Movement. Published in Origins n. 61.
Giving Away the Store Again?–by Tristan Abbey
A review of the book The Evolution-Creation Struggle. Published in Origins n. 60.
An Unfinished Conversation–by Gary Land
A review of the book Before Darwin: Reconciling God and Nature. Published in Origins n. 60.
Inherit the Wind: Myth vs Reality–by Joe Francis
A review of the book Monkey Business: The True Story of the Scopes Trial. Published in Origins n. 59.
Darwin Himself–by Henry A. Zuill
Review of the book, Annie's Box: Charles Darwin, His Daughter, and Human Evolution. Published in Origins n. 53.
Literature reviews: Darwin’s God–by L. James Gibson
Darwin's God: Evolution and the Problem of Evil. Published in Origins n. 55.
Does Religion Always Lose?–by Paul A. Giem
The claim that religion always gives way before the authority of science is discussed and challenged. Published in Origins n. 55.
Follow the Evidence–by Henry A. Zuill
Literature Review A review of the book By Design or By Chance? The Growing Controversy on the Origins of Life in the Universe. Published in Origins n. 58.
Recent Developments in near Eastern Chronology and Radiocarbon Dating–by Michael G. Hasel
This article provides a state-of-the-art appraisal of ancient Near Eastern chronologies in Mesopotamia and Egypt. It focuses on recent developments in both fields by assessing the current astronomical and historical bases for these chronologies and addressing the relative nature of chronology before the second millennium B.C. It documents the trend over the past sixty years to shorten the historical chronology of the Near East. Published in Origins n. 58.
Who Are the Creationists?–by Jerry R. Bergman
A review of the book, The Creationists: The Evolution of Scientific Creationism. An extremely useful work which goes a long way toward dispelling many of the commonly accepted myths about creationists. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
The Myth of the Solid Heavenly Dome: Another Look at the Hebrew RāQîaʿ–by Richard M. Davidson, Randall W. Younker
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book “The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
Biblical Creationism and Ancient Near Eastern Evolutionary Ideas–by Ángel M. Rodríguez
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book “The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
Reactions - A–by Ariel A. Roth
Readers are invited to submit their reactions to the articles in our journal. Please address contributions to: ORIGINS, Geoscience Research Institute, 11060 Campus St., Loma Linda, California 92350 USA.
Reactions - B–by Ariel A. Roth
Readers are invited to submit their reactions to the articles in our journal. Please address contributions to: ORIGINS, Geoscience Research Institute, 11060 Campus St., Loma Linda, California 92350 USA.
How Adventists Became Creationists–by Timothy G. Standish
Adventists and creation go together like jam and bread, but things were not always this way.
Public Opinions Regarding Creation and Evolution–by Jerry R. Bergman
A recent Gallup poll showed that about half the U.S. population believe in the creation of Adam and Eve as the first humans. University education tends to reduce belief in creation, suggesting a pattern of indoctrination during university education. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 1.
The Attitude of University Students Toward the Teaching of Creation and Evolution in the Schools–by Jerry R. Bergman
This study has shown that the majority of both graduate and undergraduate students favor the two-model approach for the teaching of origins. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 2.
A Matter of Fairness–by Ariel A. Roth
The various lines of argumentation which have been presented in recent years by those who have been promoting the teaching of either the general theory of evolution or creation in public schools reveal some significant inconsistencies. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
Integrating Faith and Learning in the Teaching of Biology–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
The Intelligent Design movement is crucially important for all Adventist educators, especially for those in science, in the integration of faith and learning in their classrooms.
Presenting Evolution and Creation: How? (Part 1)–by Leonard R. Brand, Cindy Tutsch
The world is not divided into the good creationists and the bad evolutionists. Many scientists have never had opportunity to see reasonable alternatives to a materialistic evolutionary process. Many scientists, though convinced by the evidence for evolution, are unwilling to give up on God and/or are searching for some meaning in life. Do we want to draw these people to us or drive them away?
Our Creator - The Master Engineer–by Laurel Dovich
Engineers have the distinguished legacy of following in their Creator's footsteps, thinking God's creative and analytical thoughts after Him. Should we not spend some time reflecting on the Master Engineer as we train engineers to work responsibly in this world?
A Christian Approach to Biology–by L. James Gibson
The philosophical context in which biology is presented can make an important difference in its meaning for the student. The philosophical worldview of the biblical Christian is quite different from that of the non-Christian; thus, the biology teacher may have a profound influence on the development of worldview by the student.
A Biblical Approach to Geology–by Elaine Graham Kennedy
Beginning with the authority and historicity of Scripture, this paper outlines the importance of the biblical texts that create guidelines and boundaries for interpretation of nature in general and in the classroom. Application of this approach as a means of bolstering faith in the Christian classroom is presented, followed by evidences from the rock record that seem to me to be consistent with the biblical account of a worldwide flood.
Issues of Origins in Zoology and Genetics: A Look at the Evidence–by Marcia Oliveira de Paula
Zoology and genetics are required courses for biology majors. Both subjects are usually structured around the theme of the theory of evolution. A careful examination of the scientific basis of these disciplines shows that the evolutionary framework doesn't fit with a lot of their fundamental aspects, however. Some of these topics even constitute strong evidence in favor of intelligent design.
God and Calculus–by Norie Grace Rivera-Poblete
The purpose of this paper is to show how to use calculus in our relationship with God. I will employ parallelism and contrast to teach the values with the hope that through teaching calculus the teacher can bring his/her students closer to God.
Integrating Christian Values and Learning in the Teaching of Mathematics–by Elizabeth Mendoza Role
This paper focuses on how values integration can be done in a mathematics classroom. Specifically, it aims to answer the following questions: 1) What are the moral, social, and spiritual values that can be integrated in mathematics teaching from an Adventist perspective? 2) How can mathematics be made interesting and relevant?
God in Nature: Revelations of the Divine Mathematician–by Avery J. Thompson
Any credence given to the study of mathematics must recognize that God is the original mathematician. And though, through the ages, humankind has experimented to be able to draw conclusion in the areas of mathematics, God's laws are error-free and constant. His everlasting watch-care in the "natural" cyclic phenomena of this earth daily prove His mathematical supremacy. Galileo is remembered for having acknowledged that "mathematics is the language that God used to create the universe."
Environmental Education: Teaching Stewardship to College Students–by Bryan Ness
Adventist colleges have long promoted a wholistic education. For this reason they have been committed to combining liberal arts and ethics. Including environmental education in this curriculum can make a significant contribution to shaping the sensitivities of young Christians.
Habitat Responsibility: Teaching Stewardship through Chemistry–by Gloria A. Wright
It must be emphasized that Chemistry, like any other area of scientific knowledge, is neither good nor bad, but like everything else that was marred by the entrance of sin, man's ability to manipulate his environment has led to misuse. Instead of giving in to technicism, where technology sets the agenda for life on planet Earth, the ethics of the Bible should be the basis on which we make decisions on the value of life and on the conduct of life.
How Do We Know What is True?–by Leonard R. Brand
To understand how human beings acquire and evaluate knowledge, and how to determine what is true involves consideration of the relationships between data, interpretations, assumptions, and worldviews. All of these contribute to the scholarly search for truth, and none can be safely ignored.
The Importance of Intelligent Design Theory for Adventist Science Education–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
Seventh-day Adventist schools and colleges were founded by a church concerned to provide an education that did not alienate its children from their Biblical beliefs and Christian worldview. I believe that Adventist educators must become evangelists for Biblical theism.
Curriculum and Faith in Tension–by C. Garland Dulan
There is a great need for teachers to educate students for evaluation of ideas, problem solving, cultural sensitivity, and interpersonal skills. This educative process will introduce challenging issues and perspectives, some of which may clash with certain students’ personal beliefs. If teachers use appropriate teaching methodologies, these challenges will help their students to understand why there are different perspectives and equip them with the tools to use in evaluating them.
When Faith and Knowledge Clash–by H. Thomas Goodwin
How should we, as Adventist educators, relate to such dissonance between Christian belief and secular knowledge?
Science and Religion: Interpreting the Data–by Elaine Graham Kennedy
What is thought to be knowledge or information can usually be divided into two separate concepts: data and interpretation. Since data is subject to alternative interpretations, researchers must carefully distinguish between the information that constitutes the collected data and the "information" derived from the data that is presented as evidence in support of an hypothesis.
God, Nature and Learning: An Integrational Approach–by John W. Taylor
There is a need in Christian education for an integrational approach to the study of God and nature, and Christian educators should promote the integration of faith and learning.
A Biblical-Christian Approach to Teaching Philosophy of Science: A Proposal–by Susan Thomas
How can a teacher present Christian values to students. Can a Philosophy of Science teacher reveal Christ in an enviromnent of academic pressure, secularism, and an indifference to the Christian worldview?
A Conversation Starter–by Melissa Price
A review of the book, Explore Evolution. This is written as a supplemental Classroom textbook exploring the controversies surrounding neo-Darwinism. Published in Origins, n. 63.
Son of Panda–by Timothy G. Standish
A review of the book, The Design of Life: Discovering Signs of Intelligence in Biological Systems. High school biology text uncommitted to materialistic Darwinism. Published in Origins, n. 63.
Teaching About Scientific Origins: Taking Account of Creationism–by Lee Davidson
A review of the book, Teaching About Scientific Origins. Provides science teachers with a strategy for teaching evolutionary science without creating too much resistance from students and parents. Published in Origins, n. 63.
New and Improved?–by L. James Gibson, Harold G. Coffin, Robert H. Brown
This is a review of the book Origin by Design. Published in Origins n. 59.
Teach the Controversy–by Henry A. Zuill
A review of the book, Darwinism, Design and Public Education. Published in Origins, n. 57.
A Creationist Book for Public Schools–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Of Pandas and People: The Central Question of BIological Origins. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 1.
An Argument About Science–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, The Origin of Species Revisited: The Theories of Evolution and of Abrupt Appearance. This is an attempt to meet the legal requirement that religion not be introduced into the science class by using the term "abrupt appearance" rather than a term implying a specific process such as creation or evolution. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 2.
The U.S. Supreme Court Rules Against Creation-Science–by Katherine Ching
The US Supreme Court ruled that the Louisiana law requiring schools to present evidence for creation whenever they studied evolution is unconstitutional because it requires a religious idea be taught in public schools. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 1.
Creation-Science and the Louisiana Balanced-Treatment Act–by Katherine Ching
The state of Louisiana has passed a law requiring that when evolution is taught in schools, creation must receive equal treatment. This law has been appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, with a ruling expected in a few months.
Louisiana Creationists Appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court–by Katherine Ching
The Louisiana Balanced-Treatment Act, requiring that creation be taught whenever evolution is taught, was ruled unconsititutional by the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, and the matter has been appealed to the Supreme Court. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 1.
The Louisiana Balanced-Treatment Act–by Katherine Ching
The state of Louisiana passed a bill requiring that evidence for creation be presented with any classroom teaching of evolution. The bill has been challenged legally, and is now scheduled for action by the Fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 1.
California Science Textbooks–by Katherine Ching
California has rejected the proposed science textbooks as devoting too little time to evolution, human reproduction, and environmental and ethical issues. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 2.
Creation in the Public Schools–by Katherine Ching
Evolutionists are fighting hard to prevent creationism from being taught in public schools, despite a significant amount of public skepticism about evolution. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 2.
Arkansas Act 590–by Katherine Ching
Is the teaching of creation in science classes of public schools unconstitutional? This question has been put to the legal test in the State of Arkansas, one of the first states in recent times to pass a creation bill (Arkansas Act 590) into law. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 1.
Georgia House Bill 690–by Katherine Ching
A bill in the Georgia state legislature mandating the teaching of creation when evolution is taught was passed in both houses of the legislature but differences in the two versions prevented it being passed into law. Supporters hope to see it passed in the next session of the legislature. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 1.
A Methodological Manual–by Richard D. Tkachuck
A review of the book, How to Think About Evolution and Other Bible-Science Controversies. Written for creationists, the book mainly addresses questions of speciation and change, and proposes that conflict between creationists and evolutionists is often due to failure of communication, and both sides should be regarded as engaged in honest attempts to discover truth. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 1.
Creation in the Courts–by Katherine Ching
Creationists are using the courts to try to get creation theory included as a theory of origins alongside evolution, while evolutionists are using the courts to try to prevent this. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 1.
Publicity for Creation–by Katherine Ching
Lack of academic freedom is claimed by students who want both creation and evolution taught in biology classes at Iowa State University, and is reflected in several Darwinian-based publications. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 2.
Suing the Smithsonian–by Katherine Ching
The Smithsonian Institution is being sued for promoting humanistic religion in the form of evolution. The court has ruled in favor of the Smithsonian, and the suit is unlikely to win on appeal. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
Biology Book Battles–by Katherine Ching
The book, Biology: A Search for Order in Complexity, has been adopted as a textbook in several schools, to which some parents, and evolutionists in general, have objected strongly on the basis that it teaches a religious view of origins. The matter is being fought out in the courts. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 1.
A Reference on Creationism–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Scientific Creationism (Public School Edition). A science textbook with creationist sympathies would be a valuable contribution. This book, although many will find it useful, comes short of the goal. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 1.
Appeal for Equality–by Katherine Ching
Court rulings against teaching creationism in the public schools have led some creationists to challenge the use of textbooks to promote the theory of evolution. Other creationists are preparing materials that could be used to present both creation and evolution in the public schools. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2.
An Update on the Teaching of Creation in California–by John R. Ford
The State of California has adopted a policy of including varous theories of human origins, including creationism, in public school classes in social science. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
The Cupertino Story–by Katherine Ching
A survey of citizens in the Cupertino Union School District, California, showed that a strong majority favored inclusion of creation in the curriculum. Officials ruled against including the origin of life in science classes, but there is some possibility of including it in courses on social studies. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
The Textbook Controversy in Tennessee–by Katherine Ching
The courts have struck down a law passed by the state of Tennessee requiring that creation be taught when evolution is taught. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
Textbook Hearing in California–by Leonard R. Brand
The state of California has voted to place creation in the social studies class, but no book has been approved with creation in it. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
California Science Textbook Controversy–by Bonnie L. Dwyer
EDITOR’S NOTE: Original pagination for this article was p 29-34.
The teaching of creation in science classrooms has become a hot political issue in California, involving the California Department of Education, the National Association of Biology Teachers, the National Academy of Sciences, and the creationist community. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
The Teaching of Creation and Evolution in the State of Tennessee–by Katherine Ching
The state of Tennessee had a law banning teaching of origins that denied the biblical story of creation. This law was repealed by the state legislature in about 1967, but was soon replaced with another bill requiring equal time for creation. This bill still awaits final action. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
The Del Norte County Survey–by Katherine Ching
A survey of citizens in Del Norte County, California revealed that a strong majority favor inclusion of creation in the public school curriculum. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
Similar Plan, Similar Response–by Ronny Nalin
ARTICLE. This article examines linguistic and thematic parallelisms found in two passages of Genesis (Gen 1:28-3:21 and Gen 9:1-27) that describe God’s instructions to humans at creation and after the flood, and their subsequent response. Published in Origins n. 65.
Creation Revisited: Echoes of Genesis 1 and 2 in the Pentateuch–by Paul Gregor
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book "The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
The Creation Theme in Psalm 104–by Richard M. Davidson
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book "The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament".
The Creation Theme in Selected Psalms–by Alexej Muráň
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book "The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
Genesis and Creation in the Wisdom Literature–by Ángel M. Rodríguez
This article was originally published as a chapter in the book " The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament."
What Is Biology? Part 2 of 4–by Timothy G. Standish
There are still some rules that we have to follow if we are to do any science, including biology. The first is that empirical data is the authoritative test of all ideas in science.
What Is Biology? Part 4 of 4–by Timothy G. Standish
There is no simple clear definition of what life is. This is appropriate as life is a wonderful, complex, beautiful, enigmatic phenomenon that defies any effort to over-simplify it. Still, most people have no difficulty recognizing living things and differentiating them from non-living things.
The Great Search–by Richard Hart
In a world drowning in information, there is an even stronger search for ultimate truth. It seems the information age expects each of us to sort out misleading advertisements, internet “facts”, and professionally perpetrated misinformation in our own attempts to determine what is true.
The Disadvantage of Collective Ignorance–by Ariel A. Roth
People in positions of power or influence may take advantage of the ignorance of their listeners or followers and lead them to unwise conclusions or actions. Published in Origins v. 23., n. 1.
The Paradigm of Naturalism, Compared with a Viable Alternative–by Leonard R. Brand
Most science is conducted under the philosophical assumption of naturalism. A few scientists are developing an alternative paradigm, here called interventionism (generally called theism). Published in Origins v. 23, n. 1.
Three Kinds of Science–by Ariel A. Roth
Scientific activities can be classified in a number of ways, but the suggestion here is to compare science with a naturalistic presuppostion, science with a creationist presupposition, or "methodological science," meaning inquiry open to either naturalistic or supernaturalistic explanations. Published in Origins v. 22, n. 2.
Paradigm and Falsification: Tools in a Search for Truth–by Elwood S. McCluskey
Two ideas from philosophers of science are discussed: paradigm and falsification. A paradigm is a useful tool for research, but it would be good to test the paradigm occasionally by attempting to falsify seme aspect of its structure. This might be done by considering "the weight of evidence" relating to the paradigm. Published in Origins v. 22, n. 1.
Deus Ex Machina–by Ariel A. Roth
Arguments that unexplained phenomena must be due to God's direct activity are called "god-of-the-gaps" arguments, and are regarded as bad arguments. However, if God is truly active in nature, we can expect to find some phenomena that truly point to God as a cause. Just because some appeals to God's direction action have been abandoned does not mean there are no such appeals that are valid. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 1.
When Assumptions Cease to be Assumptions–by Clyde L. Webster Jr.
Assumptions may eventually become so widely accepted they are no longer recognized as assumptions but take the status of truth. Two examples that relate to origins are assumptions of abiogeneis and long ages. These points should not be assumed but tested if one wants to discover truth. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 1.
What is Happening to the Philosophy of Science?–by Ariel A. Roth
The perceived nature of science has changed from that of an ideal system for discovering truth to more of a more ordinary human effort to discover how nature works. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 2.
Real Life Is More Than Simple Integers!–by Clyde L. Webster Jr.
Science strives to produce models of physical phenomena. Such models are useful, but usually simplifications of reality. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 2.
The Dishonor of Dueling–by Ariel A. Roth
Dueling has a long and tragic history. Although dueling to death is largely abandoned, we still see unnecessary quarrels, including among scientists. Calm reflection and rational dialogue are much to be preferred. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 1.
Truth–by Ariel A. Roth
It is fashionable in some circles to doubt everything, but experiences with reality show us that truth does actually exist. The person who searches for truth is more likely to succeed than one who doubts everything. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 2.
Creationists Challenge Creationists–by Ariel A. Roth
Disagreements among creationists can lead to better understanding and improvement in creation thinking, and should not be ignored or regarded as an embarrassment. Creationists learn the same way as everyone else, and disputations are expected in the search for truth. Published in Origins v. 15, n. 1.
Cliches [Today]–by Ariel A. Roth
Cliches may convey little knowledge yet have much influence. Careful thought and study is much better than accepting unwarranted simplifications of reality. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 2.
Science, A Good Place to Begin ...–by Ariel A. Roth
Science has produced many wonders of technology and is probably the best place to start in the quest for understanding the physical world. However, it is limited in its scope, and is a bad place to end the quest. There is a realm of reality beyond the reach of science, and this realm is perhaps more important than the physical realm. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 1.
Doublethink of SCICOM–by Clyde L. Webster Jr.
Holding two mutually contradictory opinions at once is called "doublethink." This is not the way to find truth, and should be abandoned by all. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 2.
Historical Science–by Ariel A. Roth
Scientific inquiry may explore immediate results as in an experiment, or a historical event that cannot be replicated experimentally. Experiments offer greater confidence than attempts to study historical questions, and it is not true that evolution is as much a fact as gravity. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 1.
The Disregard for Discards–by Ariel A. Roth
Some prominent scientists had educators have declared that creation has failed the test of science and has to be discarded. However, ideas that have been discarded are sometimes found to be true. Creation should not be discarded, because there is no better explanation for design in nature and the origin of life. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 1.
Is Creation Scientific?–by Ariel A. Roth
Evolutionists commonly claim creation is unscientific and should be excluded from science. However, scientists study phenomena for which the mechanism is not known, science itself is not clearly defined, and evolutionists use science to try to disprove creation. These points suggest the agenda driving opposition to creation is more philosophical than scientific. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 2.
It Appears That ...–by Ariel A. Roth
Observers may be led astray by superficial examination of apparent patterns. Two examples are given: the 20-year cycle of U.S. presidents dying in office, and N-rays. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 1.
Where Has the Science Gone?–by Ariel A. Roth
It is regrettable that the inquiry into the fundamental question of origins has degenerated to such an emotional level. Attitudes must be improved, and efforts now devoted to name-calling should be redirected towards good scholarship. Published in Origins v. 10, n. 2.
Puzzles–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Studying origins from a scientific perspective can be compared with assembling a puzzle when some of the pieces are missing and the overall picture is unknown. To produce a picture at the meaning level can be done only by patterning it after one's world view the composite of all one's acquired knowledge and experiences. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 2.
Axioms–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Axioms, or untestable assumptions, are a necessary part of science. Creationists and evolutionists differ in their axioms, and this leads to conflicts in their interpretations. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 1.
Perceptions of the Nature of Science and Christian Strategies for a Science of Nature–by Gary L. Schoepflin
When scientific pronouncements and religious beliefs conflict, what options are open to the Christian? The answer depends upon a host of things, but surely upon how science and religion are perceived. The present essay is confined largely to a consideration of the potential role played by various views of science, though many of the points made might be adapted readily to views of religion as well. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 1.
Scientific Creationism?–by Robert H. Brown
Creationism can be structured as a biblically-based religious doctrine, or as a method for exploring the world that is open to the possibility of creation. It would be inappropriate for religious creationism to be taught in public schools, but a scientific approach that considers the possibility of a creator need not be excluded. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 2.
But Is It As Much Fun?–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Many scientists worry that acknowledging God's activities in nature would hinder scientific advance, but it might make science more exciting and fun if there is always the possibility that God is active in nature. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 1.
Supernatural Problems–by Richard D. Tkachuck
It may be an oversimplification, but the separation of evolutionary and creation ideas pivots around the rejection and acceptance of the presence of the miraculous. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 2.
Beyond Design–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Creationists who want to use the scientific method need to develop and test theories based on creation, and not to be satisfied merely to show that some phenomenon is designed. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 1.
Beyond Science–by Ariel A. Roth
Exclusion of the supernatural by science has restricted theories of origins to purely naturalistic processes. Large numbers of people are looking for broader explanatory approaches that accommodate their own experiences of love, morality and beauty. Published in Originsi v. 7, n. 1.
Is Truth Dead?–by Ariel A. Roth
We should be careful to present our views in truthful and informed ways because it is more important to find truth than to defend our ideas. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 1.
Closed Minds and Academic Freedom–by Ariel A. Roth
The freedom to consider any idea, regardless of its source, is an important basis of academic freedom and the search for truth. This principle should be applied to teaching about origins in the public schools. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
The Ignorance of Isolation–by Ariel A. Roth
Specialization is a necessary result of our limitations in dealing with the vast amount of information known. Specialization may lead to isolation, which can be at least partially avoided by using multidisciplinary approaches. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 1.
Implications of the Spread of Darwinism–by Ariel A. Roth
Darwinism has become the dominant paradigm of origins, despite recognition of its deficiency of evidence. The reason for the success of Darwin's theory is more due to sociological and philosophical factors than to scientific evidence. Published in Origins v. 4. n. 2.
Does Evolution Qualify as a Scientific Principle?–by Ariel A. Roth
The claim that evolution is a "principle of science" is refuted by its lack of prediction, its status as unfalsifiable, and the logical circularity of some of its most important claims. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 1.
Does God Play at Dice?–by Albert E. Smith
Humans certainly seem to have free will, but how then can God see the future? The statistical nature of quantum theory offers the possibility of unpredictable, chance events. Perhaps God has voluntarily given up some of His ability to see the future in order that free will is possible. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 1.
Zeal and Hoaxes–by Ariel A. Roth
Bad arguments undermine one's credibility. It is more important to be accurate than to be able to prove one's position. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 2.
Can the Christian Afford Scientific Research?–by J. Mailen Kootsey
Yes, the Christian may very well have time for research. Because of his sense of urgency and because he considers all his resources as valuable gifts and not to be wasted, the Christian will be more careful about his reasons for research. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 2.
Some Philosophical Implications of the Theory of Evolution–by John D. Clark
Evolution is not primarily a scientific theory, but a comprehensive metaphysical world view that implicitly and explicitly has frightening implications in all of the most important categories of human existence. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
The Pervasiveness of the Paradigm–by Ariel A. Roth
A paradigm is an unquestioned framework within which research is conducted, generally without questioning the assumptions of the paradigm. Evolution is a paradigm that should be challenged because of the data that do not fit comfortably within the evolutionary paradigm. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
Science Against God?–by Ariel A. Roth
Scientists commonly object to the idea that God might be active in nature because this would interfere with scientific inquiry. This may be true for a capricious god, but it is not true for the rational God of the Bible, and scientists need not fear that this God will prevent science from advancing. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
A Philosophic Rationale for a Creation-Flood Model–by Leonard R. Brand
In our efforts to aid honest people in gaining confidence in revelation, the one thing that will make the difference is a demonstration that in the practical world of research, flood geology works! Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
Why a Publication on Origins?–by Ariel A. Roth
Origins is a new journal, aimed primarily at the Seventh-day Adventist educator, with the goal of rightly representing the Creator and His relationship to the created world. Published in Origins v. 1., n. 1.
Towards the Development of a General Theory of Creation–by Berney R. Neufeld
A general theory of creation is proposed, consisting of ten postulates derived from divine revelation and informed by observations of the created world. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
Rationalism, Empiricism and Christianism as Philosophical Systems for Arriving at Truth–by Conrad D. Clausen
The use of the scientific method in the context of the philosophical system of christianism has advantages over its use in empiricism. The unity of truth makes the position of the scientific method within a system which encompasses all truth the more reasonable and reliable alternative. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 1.
The Bible and Biology–by Leonard R. Brand
If the stranglehold of naturalism can be weakened enough for open discussion of the philosophical issues, the resulting open-minded discussion of design vs. chance will be very beneficial to science. There is a great need of this openness in science. Science should be an open-ended search for truth, rather than a closed system that will not consider certain ideas.
An Adventist Approach to Earth Origins.–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Science/religion issues are important because they have to do with ultimate realities, such as whether a supreme being is above the creation and can supernaturally intervene with events such as miracles, an Incarnation, a resurrection, a new birth, or an Advent.
Searching for the Creator through the Study of a Bacterium–by George T. Javor
As a scientist, I frequently find myself taking a polemic stance in defense of creationism. In doing this, I easily lose sight nature as a revealer of its Creator. It is a pleasant change to contemplate my field of scientific interest, looking for insight about the Creator.
Biblical Approaches to Biology–by George T. Javor
The integration of Bible and science is an uphill work that requires careful reading of both the Bible and of scientific data. Because no other natural science has traveled so great a distance down an anti-biblical road, no other science requires this corrective procedure more than biology.
The Moral Implications of Darwinism–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
When Christian ethicists reach the same conclusions as Darwinists about our obligations to our fellow humans, it’s time to do some careful thinking. God created us, and He knows the evil of which we are capable. For this reason, He instructed us to treat all humans as worthy of equal dignity and respect.
A Believer’s Approach to the Sciences–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
Everyone believes in someone or something. Even scientists have a belief system. In view of this, Christian believers need not be apologetic about their faith system. Instead, when they approach sciences, they should do so with (1) thoughtful respect for the scientific enterprise when it deals with the strictly empirical; and (2) humility and tolerance for other views with evidentiary support in various areas of historical science.
What Size is Your God?–by E. Theodore Agard
We should be cautious in seeking, from our human perspective, to place a limit on the person and power of God. We cannot measure or understand God from the standpoint of our inadequacy. Nor can we appreciate fully the role of God in this earth and its history from the limited perspective of our intelligence.
Footprints in the Sands of Time–by Leonard R. Brand
Coconino Sandstone research has demonstrated how catastrophists can use their theory to develop specific hypotheses about a geologic feature (the Coconino Sandstone), and successfully carry out scientific research to test that hypothesis. This is one criteria that science used to determine the scientific value of any theory.
Faith and Science: Can They Coexist?–by Leonard R. Brand
Many would say scientists must leave all religious influences out of their scholarly pursuits, because to do otherwise would compromise the search for truth. However, I believe the God of the Bible understands the highest levels of scholarship, not just comforting inspirational themes.
Geological Records and Genesis Time Frame–by Leonard R. Brand
We have much study to do before we will truly understand how to fit together all the evidence into a coherent picture. But I as a Christian and a scientist find a three-step process helpful: trust God's communication to us in Scripture; study carefully and seek to recognize human ideas that we have incorrectly read in between the lines in Scripture; and follow up with careful scientific work.
Is the Theory of Evolution Scientific?–by Leonard R. Brand
I suggest that the level of confidence any one person has in the truth of evolutionary history directly reflects the degree of confidence they have that science is the surest way of finding truth in any topic, and/or the confidence they have in the assumption of naturalism.
Science and Religion: Pursuing a Common Goal–by Mart de Groot
Is there a possibility that the matter of faith and faith in matter can have some talking point? What are the aims of Christianity and those of science? Can we conceive of common goals for both? Where lies the final answer to human queries?
Genesis and the Cosmos: A Unified Picture?–by Mart de Groot
How should the Bible and natural science be related, explained, or studied? At least two positions seem possible. On the one hand, there are those who hold that a conservative understanding of the Bible and the findings of science cannot be harmonized. On the other, there are those who believe that conclusions drawn from the two disciplines can be harmonized to fit into one overall view of the world.
Are the Bible and Science in Conflict?–by David B. Ekkens
In discussions of science and faith, one often gets the impression that either science or Scripture can be believed—not both. In the secular world, science is by default seen as the true source of knowledge.
Life: A Chemical Dilemma–by Clifford Goldstein
Because it is based on materialism, science implies (at least hypothetically) that everything should be accessible to experiment and empirical validation. Ideally, there shouldn’t be room for faith in a scientific universe, yet the very nature of that universe demands it.
Data and Interpretation: Knowing the Difference–by Elaine Graham Kennedy
Scientists are fairly confident that they know what they are doing. However, especially in the area of origins, science alone cannot assess the complete database because the scientific approach does not consider the possibility of supernatural involvement in nature and in the history of our Earth. For Christians, the Bible provides a source of information that suggests there is a better way to approach science. Christians expect harmony because they recognize God as the Creator of nature and its scientific “laws.”
Understanding how Nature Works: Last Piece of the Puzzle?–by J. Mailen Kootsey
While we keep fitting pieces into the puzzle of nature, we should be aware that we are only working on a small corner and that the hope of dropping in the last piece is beyond our grasp.
Integrating Faith and Science–by Rahel Davidson Schafer
In the current debate between theology and science, many of the issues seem insoluble and irreconcilable. The conflict has indeed been great at times in my own mind and experience as a student. I would like to share my perspective and journey as a student in both areas.
Bits and Particles: Information and Machines Sufficient to Infer an Intelligent Designer–by Timothy G. Standish
The molecules of life suggest no need for Christians to become sycophants to materialistic philosophy posing as science. On the contrary, science liberated from the artificial constraints of materialism provides an elegant mechanism for study of the creation and logically points to a wonderful Creator.
A Dialogue Between Contemporary Perspectives and Ellen White on Divine Action and Quantum Physics–by Michael F. Younker
The way in which God interacts with the world, or divine action, has long been a matter of discussion for theists in the philosophy of science, and continues to remain a complex and controversial topic. In recent decades, this question has taken on additional complexity with advances in contemporary physics, namely quantum physics, which posits a random or probabilistic world in contradistinction to the apparently completely deterministic natural world of Isaac Newton.
A Critique of Current Anti-ID Arguments and ID Responses–by Leonard R. Brand
There have been a number of carefully written books and articles arguing that ID has failed to make its case. ID advocates have published responses to these arguments. Which of these lines of argument is most convincing, when compared to what is known about living systems?
Intelligent Design: The Argument from Beauty–by Bernard Brandstater
There is more to design than complexity. I am proposing that it is time to advance beyond an analysis of complexity, fruitful though that has been. We are able to expand the scope of design arguments to include the existence of beauty, which points to design of a different kind.
Science and Design: A Physicist’s Perspective–by Gary Burdick
As science develops more complete naturalistic explanations to describe the universe, it may appear that there is less room for God in the picture. And if science ever discovers a “complete” theory, it could be presumed that it would describe a universe without God. I am confident, however, that this conclusion is neither necessary nor valid. Drawing upon examples from physics, my purpose is to show that in developing a more complete picture of the universe, scientists are led to greater evidences for God and His design.
Order and Chance in Nature and Scripture: Towards a Basis for Constructive Dialog–by Kevin C. de Berg
In this essay I have attempted to outline the world as it is, reality as it is perceived through the lens of science and scripture in terms of the concepts of order and chance.
Intelligent Design and its Critics–by John C. Walton
The debate raging around ID is not one of scientific fact versus religious faith. The real clash is an ideological one in which scientists are seeking to maintain the intellectual and cultural dominance of the humanist/atheist worldview.
How Can I Live without Having All the Answers?–by Gary Burdick
If we had perfect knowledge, our science and our theology would never be in conflict because the same God who reveals Himself through Scripture has also revealed Himself through creation, and God is not in conflict with Himself. Thus, when we see conflict between our best theology and our best science, this is merely an indication of our lack of complete understanding.
When Faith and Reason are in Tension–by L. James Gibson
Since both reason and revelation have their ultimate source in God, they should be in complete harmony. Yet reason and revelation appear to conflict when attempting to explain the world around us. This article will discuss some of the factors contributing to the conflict between science and faith and suggest ways in which Christians might choose to deal with it.
Why Do Different Scientists Interpret Reality Differently?–by Humberto M. Rasi
Scientists applying the scientific method while using similar equipment to study the same aspect of nature can and do arrive at different conclusions. Why does this occur?
The Bible and Science–by Leonard R. Brand
In this essay we will seek to find a balanced, practical approach to the relationship between science and God's Word.
A Biblical Approach to the Sciences–by Benjamin L. Clausen
What kind of relation should exist between science and religion? between nature and revelation? Should it be one of the conflicts or cooperation? The inspired writings present both views.
A Believing Scientist Approaches the Sciences–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Both faith and reason are needed in a complete worldview, and finding a reasonable faith is a continuing process. Reason can suggest to the unbeliever that his worldview doesn't completely fit with reality, and to one who is weighing the evidence that science does not need to stand in the way. For the believer, reason and evidence serve to confirm a faith that is already present.
An Adventist View of Science–by L. James Gibson
Science and scripture are generally in agreement. Nonetheless, believing scientists will necessarily encounter tension between science and scripture. Ultimately, however, nature is a grand subject for study, and science, guided by scripture, can be an appropriate method for studying it. It is therefore perfectly appropriate, even desirable, for Adventists to participate in science.
God and Nature: An Approach to Creation–by L. James Gibson
Origins may sometimes be a contentious issue in science and faith because of differing presuppositions about God's relationship to nature. An argument has been presented here that it is eminently reasonable to believe that direct supernatural action was involved in the origins of the universe, life, and humanity, and that a scientific process restricted to observable physical mechanisms is inadequate to discover and explain our origins.
Comparison and Contrast of Scientific and Religious Paradigms and their Use–by Bill Mundy
The purpose of this paper to compare and contrast scientific and religious paradigms and their communities. Similarities include the fact that it is possible to analyze both in terms of the formal components of a paradigm, that a community is essential to both traditions, and that the intersubjective testing and universality, along with data and experience, are important for "rational objectivity" in both communities.
Can Faith and Science be Divorced?–by Gary B. Swanson
True science isn’t God’s enemy. Rather, science can be a valid, affirming means of revealing God to us.
What Makes the Whole More Than the Sum of Its Parts?–by Alfredo Suzuki
A living being is more than the collection of the multitude of organic components of which it is made.
Miracles and Natural Law: Are They Compatible?–by Glauber S. Araújo
With the scientific knowledge we currently have of nature, is it still reasonable to believe in miracles?
A Biblical Perspective on the Philosophy of Science–by Leonard R. Brand
This paper describes three models of the relationship between religion and science, which differ in their view of the nature of theology and how it should or should not interact with science. Published in Origins n. 59.
Naturalism: Its Role in Science–by Leonard R. Brand
The philosophy of Naturalism dominates scientific thinking, for reasons that can be understood from review of the history of scientific thought. This article evaluates the nature and implications of Naturalism. Published in Origins, n. 64.
Worldviews and Predictions in the Scientific Study of Origins–by Leonard R. Brand
However one defines the scientific method, the role of predictions is of significance. A researcher, from his/her knowledge of a topic, makes a prediction of a phenomenon to be found or verified by future research. Published in Origins, n. 64.
Playing the Game of Science by the Rules–by L. James Gibson
Suppose we consider science to be a game. What are the rules of the game, and what difference would this approach make? Published in Origins, n.. 64.
Why Science?–by L. James Gibson
Why would a creationist be interested in science, when the dominant voices in science deny any divine action in nature? Published in Origins, n. 63.
Seeing the Forest and the Trees–by Timothy G. Standish
A review of the book, A Meaningful World: How the Arts and Sciences Reveal the Genius of Nature. Darwinian reductionism dissolves appreciation of the genius behind masterpieces. In the real world, science and the arts each enrich and complement understanding of the other; both, at their best, are part of and point to the same Truth. Published in Origins, n. 61.
Friend or Foe?–by Jerry R. Bergman
A review of the book, Beginnings: Are Science and Scripture Partners in the Search for Origins? Published in Origins n. 60.
Is Intelligent Design Harmful to Science?–by Jim Gibson
Three claims have been made that, if true, might suggest that scientists should be wary of intelligent design.... What is the status of these claims? Published in Origins n. 59.
Palaetiological Science and Cultural Power–by L. James Gibson
Historical sciences are generally regarded as less rigorous than the experimental sciences, a point that raises objections among scientists in historical disciplines. The discussion of which science is more "scientific" than the others reflects sociological concerns more than interest in scientific discovery. Published in Origins n. 53.
Literature reviews: Science and Its Limits–by L. James Gibson
Review of the book, Science and Its Limits. Published in Origins n. 54.
Annotations from the Literature
A collection of short commentaries on scientific papers published in 2003, covering topics such as frog biogeography, moas, the hoatzin, magic bullets in creationism, intelligent design, gene duplication, snail variation, Cambrian lagerstatten, extraterrestrial impacts, hotspots, carbonates, mitochondrial Eve, pseudogene function, mutations in bacteria, fossil diversity patterns, feathered dinosaurs, the fossil Microraptor, intermediate fossil Ichthyostega, problems with the evolutionary tree, and mitochondrial DNA differences. Published in Origins n. 58.
Literature reviews: Finding Darwin’s God–by Paul A. Giem
A review of the book, Finding Darwin's God: A Scientist's Search for Common Ground Between God and Evolution. Published in Origins n. 55.
Detecting Design in Nature–by Timothy G. Standish
Design in nature can be detected using criteria similar to those for searching for extraterrestrial life, such as purpose, extreme improbability, or specification. Published in Origins n. 56..
Reuniting Facts and Values–by Paul A. Giem
A review of the book,Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from its Cultural Captivity. Published in Origins n. 58.
Does Free Will Exist?–by Stephen Bauer
A review of the book, Agents Under Fire: Materialism and the Rationality of Science. Published in Origins, n. 57.
Conflating Answers: to and from Design Questions–by Timothy G. Standish
The argument to design is that nature shows evidence of design but does not attempt to identify the designer. The argument from design is that the design seen in nature is best explained as the result of a specific designer, most often the Christian God. Published in Origins n. 57.
Literature Reviews: Philosophical Weeding–by Ashby L. Camp
Review of the book, Thinking About God: First Steps in Philosophy. Published in Origins n. 58.
Literature Reviews: Can Science Refute Design?–by Cornelius G. Hunter
Review of Why Intelligent Design Fails: A Scientific Critique of the New Creationism. Published in Origins n. 58.
How to Write an Unpublishable Paper–by Timothy G. Standish
It is important in science that authors avoid ad hominem attacks, faulty logic, sloppy handling of data, straw man arguments, switching definitions mid-argument, and using prejudicial definitions and arguments. Published in Origins n. 58.
How Final Is Final?–by Benjamin L. Clausen
A review of the book, Dreams of a Final Theory. Attempts to explain all of creation from a naturalistic perspective have limited success. Published in Origins v. 22, n. 1.
What is the Problem with Materialistic Science?–by Alfredo Suzuki
Why are we trying to find extraterrestrial intelligence, using our intelligence, while at the same time precluding the possibility that an intelligence was involved in the origin of our world?
Mysterious Solutions–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Blueprints: Solving the Mystery of Evolution. The book presents a rather uninformed critical response to creationism. Published in Origins v. 20, n. 1.
How Can Miracles Be Possible?–by Kwabena Donkor
The denial of miracles is a recent phenomenon based on how modernity has chosen to understand the workings of nature and what is possible in it. Belief in a personal God (theism), however, argues that through God’s actions, an event that is naturally impossible can be transformed into a real historical event. This article was originally published in Perspective Digest, v. 24/2.
The Sleuths Challenge Science–by Wayne Frair
A review of the book, Betrayers of the Truth: Fraud and Deceit in the Halls of Science. Many scientists, famous and otherwise, have failed to live up to the highest ideals of good science, in some cases acting fraudulently and deceitfully. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 2.
The Dogmatic Skeptic–by Katherine Ching
A review of the book, Science: Good, Bad and Bogus. The book vigorously attacks anyone whose beliefs are considered pseudoscience. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 2.
Skepticism and Truth–by Ariel A. Roth
Review of the journal, The Skeptical Inquirer. This journal focuses on debunking ideas considered to be unreliable, but accepts without question a naturalistic foundational basis. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 1.
Evolution: The Seen and the Unseen–by Clifford Goldstein
How can some people be so certain about evolution, while others, with the same certainty, deny it? Part of the answer can, in broad terms, be boiled down to the difference between what is seen and what is not seen. More specifically, and in the context of evolution itself, this disparity arises from the difference between microevolution and macroevolution. What are these two concepts, and how does the difference between them help explain much of the controversy surrounding the theory of evolution? This article was published on the August 2019 issue of Signs of the Times.
Reactions–by Ariel A. Roth
Readers are invited to submit their reactions to the articles in our journal. Please address contributions to: Origins, Geoscience Research Institute, 11060 Campus St., Loma Linda, California 92350 USA.
He Breathed into His Nostrils: God’s Kiss of Life–by Larry L. Lichtenwalter
The gift of life is conferred on humankind in an intimate face-to-face encounter. God forms a work of art out of moist clay. A bond with this piece of art begins to grow in the gentle process of making. Then comes that incredible moment.
The Creation Account in Genesis 1: Our World Only or the Universe?–by Ferdinand O. Regalado
The purpose of this paper is to discover whether the creation week as portrayed in Genesis 1 concerns only this world or the creation of the whole universe. To accomplish this purpose, we will examine contextually Genesis 1 and some of its significant wordings.
Genesis Kinds and the Sea Urchin–by L. James Gibson
The idea that different types of organisms were created and commanded to reproduce "after their kinds" seems widely believed among creationists. It may therefore come as a surprise to many to learn the idea is not stated in the Bible. Published in Origins n. 60.
The Hebrew Term ’ed in Gen 2,6 and Its Connection in Ancient Near Eastern Literature–by Michael G. Hasel, Gerhard F. Hasel
An etymological, phonetic, philological, syntactical, grammatical, contextual, and conceptual study of the Hebrew word Ed, concluding that it is to be understood as “mist/dew" which arose from below, in a way that was distinct from normal rainfall from above, from river inundation, canal irrigation and other current proposals.
Genesis: A Scientific Account?–by Sven Östring
It is not the level of detail that makes a science book scientific, but simply whether or not the level of detail given in the book is scientifically correct
Science, True and False, and Revelation
A compilation of passages from the writings of Ellen G. White addressing the relationship between science and revelation
The Essential Knowledge
An excerpt from the book Testimonies for the Church, Volume Eight, where Ellen G. White discusses the relationship between nature, God, and our understanding of His creation.
Christianity and the Development of Science: Part 3 – Modern Day Believers–by Benjamin L. Clausen
While the science culture may have become less receptive to belief today, researchers of faith still contribute to the scientific community.
Do We Need to Turn off Our Brains When We Enter a Church?–by Ariel A. Roth
Both faithd and reason are important in Christianity, and Christians should not neglect either. Published in Origins v. 23, n. 2.
Can Science and Religion Work Together?–by Leonard R. Brand
The practice of science does not depend on the beliefs a scientist has about origins. Creationists are able to conduct scientific research , and may even be aided by ideas that derive from the Bible. Conflicts may arise between science and religion, but this is an indication of the need for more study. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 2.
The Bible and Paleontology–by Arthur V. Chadwick
How can we accommodate the paleontological record with Scripture? If our approach to science is as it should be, we can acknowledge that there are still many unanswered questions for all sides, and we should have no fear of deeper investigation in science the data are not all in.
The Puzzle of the Petrified Trees–by Harold G. Coffin
It is unwarranted to assume a priori, as in the past that all upright petrified trees had grown in the place where they are now found. The transport of trees and their deposition in an erect stance is not as unlikely or as rare as might be expected. Upright fossil trees within the geological column are compatible with a Flood model. Actually, when all factors are considered, a catastrophe involving water and many floating trees is a more satisfactory explanation for their origin.
The Bible and Astronomy–by Mart de Groot
In this discussion I propose to present a scientific and a biblical model of origins and explore how these can be brought into harmony with each other. I also hope to show that the differences between the statements made by these two disciplines are largely a result of differing interpretations based on different paradigms.
The Bible and Microbiology–by George T. Javor
If microorganisms are indeed ubiquitous and indispensable, it is reasonable to expect to find evidences of their activities in the biblical record. Such an approach may enrich our grasp of the sacred text. This paper intends to show that there is more microbiology in the Bible than meets the eye!
Through Modern Physics towards a Structure for Causality–by Lynden J. Rogers
This paper suggests that from its beginning, science has been one of those factors informing the Christian understanding of human and Divine causality. We conclude that the new physics suggests a wide-open universe in which the interaction of a Creator-Sustainer god can be postulated with far less confrontation with rational and scientific views of the natural order than was the case with the older Newtonian worldview.
The Creation of the Soul, the Creation of the Body: Dual Creations in Christian Tradition–by Karen K. Abrahamson
While Dembski’s position is that Intelligent Design is a scientific rather than a religious concept, in actuality his proposal falls within Berkouwer’s problem of the immortal soul.
Coal: How Did It Originate?–by Harold G. Coffin
The catastrophic burial of plant debris and its subsequent change to coal is not accepted by most coal geologists. However, the dominant "peat bog" theory presents problems that have remained unanswered for more than a hundred years. A Flood model for the formation of coal answers some of these problems and provides a scientifically reasonable explanation for the origin of the vast quantities of coal that exist worldwide.
The Big Bang Model: An Appraisal–by Mart de Groot
Modern cosmology, represented by the Big Bang theory, may have its virtues in explaining numerous aspects of the physical, inanimate universe, but that it is a poor model when it comes to explaining everything, and that it leaves too many of our questions unanswered.
Time, Faith, and Fossil Whales–by Raul Esperante
Currently evolutionary geology explains the fossil record as the result of slow processes and change occurring over long periods of time. However, an increasing number of rock formations and fossil occurrences previously interpreted within such an evolutionary framework must be reinterpreted as the result of rapid, or even catastrophic, processes operating on a different time scale.
Archaeopteryx: A Flying Reptile?–by Raul Esperante
Ever since it was discovered in 1861, Archaeopteryx lithographica has been a controversial fossil. Its remarkable finding has provided certain credibility to Darwin’s theory of evolution. Archaeopteryx has a mixture of characteristics found in birds, reptiles, and theropod dinosaurs, and for that reason, scientists are divided regarding its origin, flight capacity, and position in the alleged evolutionary sequence from reptiles to birds.
The Wonder of Water: A Challenge to Evolution?–by Hugo García
Truly, in our planet, life is everywhere. And without water, this profusion of life would not be possible. In the battle over origins, Darwinism cannot offer a convincing explanation when advocating for the random emergence of life and matter, including water.
What is the Meaning of Kinds in Genesis?–by L. James Gibson
The words kind and kinds that are mentioned in the Creation narrative of Genesis 1:21, 24, and 25. How are we to understand these terms in a modern context? How do they relate to current terms and classifications in biology?
The Mystery of Life–by George T. Javor
The study of living matter is at the center of all current scientific efforts. But strangely, life itself is not the object of much study. Scientists seem to take the existence of life for granted.
The Search for Adam’s Ancestors–by Elaine Graham Kennedy
Given the current database on fossil hominids, caution is warranted. Indeed, it would be premature to draw any definitive conclusions with regard to the origins of these organisms and their relationship to the Genesis record.
The Search for Noah’s Ark–by David Merling
Noah’s ark has fascinated everyone—from Noah’s time to our own. From evangelicals to movie makers, from evangelists to youthful campus crusaders, the ark gets everyone’s attention.
Why I Believe in Creation.–by Sean D. Pitman
Is God real? Is the Bible true? What about all those amazing stories in the Bible? Specifically, what about the Genesis stories? Did God really create the world and all that is in it in a literal week? Did that Creation occur only some 10,000 years ago? How could all these biblical accounts be true when so many brilliant scientists advocate otherwise?
The Age of Fossils–by Ariel A. Roth
Frequently press reports describe the finding of bones and fossils of animals that existed millions of years ago. As a Bible-believing Christian and a creationist, my impression is that they can’t be that old. But I’m not sure. How can scientists determine the age of those specimens? How reliable are their dates?
Genesis and the Geologic Column–by Ariel A. Roth
The geological column is not something you can find in the rock layers that form the crust of the Earth. It is more like a map. It is a column-like representation of the general order of the rock layers over the surface of the Earth.
Science Finds God–by Ariel A. Roth
A lot of evidence indicates that the universe had to be exactly the way it is, or its existence, and especially the existence of the life we find in it, would not be possible.
Fossils: The Story They Tell Us–by Carlos F. Steger
Fossils speak of catastrophic burial by water in many areas of the world, thus contradicting the uniformitarian model. A growing number of modern geologists concur with this view, although they may not accept the theory of a universal flood. Those of us who rely in the biblical story of a universal flood find in the fossil record abundant evidence that the surface of the earth once experienced the convulsions of a catastrophic destruction.
Intelligent Design: The Biochemical Challenge to Darwinian Evolution?–by Ewan Ward, Marty Hancock
While Christians may be convinced that design in nature points to a Creator-God, the general scientific community has not been persuaded. Perhaps more scientifically respectable work on intelligent design of the kind done by Behe and Dembski will encourage evolutionary scientists to look beyond purely naturalistic mechanisms to explain the complexity and meaning of life.
Sociobiology: Why Do Humans Behave the Way They Do?–by Leonard R. Brand, Joe Galusha
For a large part of the 20th century, there was much discussion about evolution’s difficulty in explaining altruism. This was an important, unsolved problem.
Humans and Chimpanzees are 99.4% Identical...or Are They?–by Timothy G. Standish
Recently, the city buses in my neighborhood gained a new set of brightly-colored advertisements along their sides. In bold letters, they proclaimed that humans and chimpanzees are 98% identical: “Come and meet your relatives.”
An Adventist Approach to Earth Origins–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Science/religion issues are important because they have to do with ultimate realities, with whether to "worship" the Creator or the creature (creation), with whether a supreme being is above the creation and can supernaturally intervene.
Dinosaurs: Questions Christians Ask–by Elaine Graham Kennedy
How do dinosaurs fit into a biblical worldview?
Galileo's Heresies–by Clifford Goldstein
This point cannot be overestimated. Galileo wasn’t fighting against the Bible, but against an interpretation of the Bible dominated by the prevailing scientific dogma, which for centuries had been Aristotelianism.
Sand Dunes of the Sahara: How Should We Relate Scripture to Earth Science Questions?–by Ronny Nalin
A Christian scientist, while accepting the testimony of Scripture about God’s past intervention in Earth’s history, can still keep an open mind toward aspects of the geologic record that are unusual and different.
Can Rocks Teach Us Something About God?–by Ronny Nalin
Can we learn more about the qualities of the Creator through the study of geology?
What Adventists Have to Share with the Scientific Community–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Only if Christians can be trusted in areas scientists know, will they be trusted in areas scientists don’t know.
Literature reviews: A Balanced View of Science and Faith–by Clyde L. Webster Jr.
A review of the book, A Balanced View of Science and Faith. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 2.
Creation Holding Its Own–by Ariel A. Roth
A recent survey shows about 9% of the population accepts the viewpoint of naturalistic evolution, about 40% accept divinely guided evolution, about 47% accept a recent creation of humans, and about 4% registered they don't know. These results are nearly the same as a similar survey taken three years before. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 2.
Must Creation-Science Be Either Unbiblical or Unscientific?–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Portraits of Creation: Biblical and Scientific Perspectives on the World's Formation. This is a sophisticated criticism of creation science, and some of the points should be taken to heart by creationists. However, it fails to recognize the good quality of recent creationist literature. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 1.
The Longer Look–by Ariel A. Roth
Belief in creation is far more widespread than the impression given in the mass media, and is increasingly coming to the attention of the scholarly community. The Bible and naturalistic science are both regarded as authoritative sources, and it is unlikely the conflict between them will go away soon. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 2.
The Christian and Big Bang Cosmology–by Sven Östring
Does the Big Bang Theory integrate directly with the biblical cosmogony? Should individual Christians feel intellectually obligated to adopt and defend the Big Bang Theory? Article published on Perspective Digest, v.24/4.
Ellen G. White and Creationism: How to Deal with Her Statements on Creation and Evolution: Implications and Prospects–by Frank M. Hasel
Any reading of Ellen White quickly confirms the fact that she affirms the biblical teaching of creation as it is established in the Old and New Testament on a literal, historical reading of the text.
Two Reviews of a Comprehensive Overview — A–by Jerry R. Bergman
This book is one of the few recent attempts to present both sides in a logical, understanding manner so the reader can be informed on the issues, regardless of the position for which he opts. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
Two Reviews of a Comprehensive Overview — B–by Robert H. Brown
Review of the book, The Creation-Evolution Controversy. This may be the best comprehensive treatment of scientific creationism that has become available prior to mid-1977. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
Creation Convention II–by Robert H. Brown
The second Creation Convention was held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, August 18-21, 1974. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
Does the Bible Teach that the Earth is Flat?–by Kayle B. de Waal
This article critically examines the purported biblical evidence brought forward to support the belief that the earth is flat. Originally published in the October 2019 issue of Reflections, newsletter of the Biblical Research Institute.
Kindness? Or Set Them Straight?–by Leonard R. Brand
How do we deal with persons who don’t believe that Genesis is right about creation and the flood?
Science and the Gospel: A Dialogue–by Martin F. Hanna
Do science and theology undermine each other or support each other?
Making Friends in the Scientific Community–by Benjamin L. Clausen
One often hears of conflict between religion and science or that creationists are anti-science. This article rejects such mindsets and presents another perspective about looking for the good even in people we may disagree with.
General Revelation and Adventist Theology–by Glauber S. Araújo
Nature and history acquire a grander perspective from the vantage point of the Bible, and Scripture becomes more colorful and alive with the help of natural revelation. Published on volume 26/2 of the Perspective Digest.
Faith and Science–by Leonard R. Brand, Arthur V. Chadwick
An understanding of both the strengths and the limits of science can enable us to relate to it more realistically. Published on Volume 26/1 of the Perspective Digest
Believing the Unbelievable–by Anthony Bosman
The Bible does not treat natural explanation and divine intervention as mutually exclusive. Rather, it often blends these two kinds of explanations, portraying God as sovereign over nature and free to use His laws to accomplish His purposes.
Numerical Variants of the Chronogenealogies of Genesis 5 and 11–by Paul J. Ray Jr.
The chronological figures in the Septuagint version of Genesis 5 and 11 are different in different manuscripts, and appear to have been altered. This indicates the superiority of the Masoretic text for these data. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 1.
The Meaning of the Chronogenealogies of Genesis 5 and 11–by Gerhard F. Hasel
Genesis creation is intended to be the beginning or opening of history. The genealogies in Genesis 5 and 11 contribute to the progression of time in scripture. They trace humankind in time and through time forward to two heroes, Noah and Terah. Published in Origins v. 7, n. 2.
Creation, Flood, and Biogeography–by L. James Gibson
Biogeography is the study of the distributions of living organisms. Biogeographers seek to discover what historical and ecological factors explain why a species lives in one particular area but not in another area. This article examines how the flood might have influenced the present patterns of distributions of various types of living organisms.
A Catastrophe With an Impact–by L. James Gibson
Geologic features of the KT boundary present interesting evidence relating to possible causes of the mass extinction. The widespread existence of the boundary clay has been interpreted as evidence for a worldwide event at the boundary. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 1.
Baumgardner’s Modeling of Rapid Plate Tectonic Motion–by Benjamin L. Clausen
To model the motion of Earth's plates, Baumgardner uses a Fortran program he developed called TERRA that must be run on a supercomputer. It is one of four models in the world capable of modeling Earth in a global manner.
Catastrophism in the Pacific Northwest: A Geoscience Research Institute Field Guide–by Harold G. Coffin, Elaine Graham Kennedy
This article covers several features and areas that demonstrate the catastrophic processes that shaped the Northwestern US.
Wholistic Geology: Geology Before, During, and After the Biblical Flood–by Leonard R. Brand
Traditional flood geology theory interprets much or all of the Phanerozoic part of the geologic column as formed during the one year of the biblical flood. Some geological and paleontological data are, in my opinion, difficult to explain in this theory. Wholistic geology endeavors to explain more of the earth science data while remaining true to a literal understanding of biblical creation and a global flood. Published in Origins, n. 61.
A Note on the Pre-Flood/Flood Boundary in the Grand Canyon–by Kurt P. Wise, Andrew Snelling
The Sixtymile Formation in the Grand Canyon is proposed as a possible geologic layer tmarking the beginning of the Genesis flood. Published in Origins n. 58.
How Do Neanderthals Fit with a Biblical Model?–by Raul Esperante
Researchers discuss the role and position of Neanderthals in an alleged evolutionary process and debate whether they went extinct before, during or after anatomically modern humans colonized the northern hemisphere, and if the former interbred with the latter. However, many recent studies, ranging from genetics to the analysis of Neanderthal technology and culture suggest that Neanderthals might be understood within a different scientific framework.
Who or What are Neanderthals?–by Raul Esperante
Recent discoveries have shown artistic behaviors in Neanderthals including decoration of their bodies with jewelry and probably pigment. Moreover, these are clear indicators that they made use of language and verbal communication.
Is Homo naledi Your “Relative,” “Ancestor,” or “Part of the Human Family Tree”?–by Ronny Nalin
The aim of this article is to use the example of Homo naledi to illustrate the distinction between data and interpretations, and to discuss some of the questions a biblical creationist might have in relation to this new discovery.
Homo naledi: An update–by Ronny Nalin
Two important papers were published in May 2017, warranting an update on the subject of Homo naledi.
Publish Anything–by Ariel A. Roth
The Tasaday was claimed to be a stone age tribe still living in the southern Philippines and recently discovered by anthropologists. Much attention was given to this story, but suspicions were soon aroused that the story was fake, and this indeed turned out to be the case. The lesson is that there is so much pressure for scholars to publish that fraudulent reporting has entered the profession. Published in Origins v. 20, n.1.
Sociobiology: The Evolution Theory's Answer to Altruistic Behavior–by Leonard R. Brand, Ronald L. Carter
Evolution theory is based on competition and struggle for survival, but some animals act in a way that favors reproduction of other individuals and reduces their own competitive status. The theory of sociobiology wants to explain this altruistic behavior as having a genetic basis, so that individuals with the gene tend to help other individuals with the same gene,.This maintains the gene in the population. The idea that human behavior is genetically determined is controversial. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 2.
The Problem of Morals–by Richard D. Tkachuck
Creation provides a foundation for absolute moral values, while evolutionary theory renders them relative to the respective society. This difference in viewpoint marks an important line of conflict between creationists and evolutionists. Published in Origins v. 10, n. 1.
Man: Creature and Explorer–by J. Mailen Kootsey
The human brain is far more complex than anyone has described, but there is no evidence that its functions involve laws that are potentially inaccessible to science. The existence of purpose sets the mind apart from artificial systems such as computers, and we may never be able to fully decipher the workings of the brain. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
Created in the Image of God: A Christian View of Human Personality–by Owen L. Huges
The purpose of this paper is to explore some of the areas of contact between human personality theory and the Christian understanding of the image of God.
Questioning the Age of “Mitochondrial Eve?”–by L. James Gibson
Confirmation that fathers may sometimes pass mitochondrial DNA to their children violates the assumptions used to calculate the age of the most recent female common ancestor of all living humans. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Bone Picking–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
Review of the book, Bones of Contention. The evolutionary interpretatoin of fossil hominids is strongly criticized. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Darwinian Morality?–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
A review of the book, Created from Animals: The Moral Implications of Darwinism. The case is argued that Darwinism has shown that humans have no special moral significance, but should be accorded the same moral standing as any other animals species. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 2.
Closets Full of Skeletons–by Ariel A. Roth
A review of the book, Bones of Contention: Controversies in the Search for Human Origins. The book discusses the very human side of science, especially as exhibited by the history of paleoanthropology. Published in Origins v. 17, n. 2.
Ancestral Dissonance–by Edward N. Lugeneal
A reivew of the book, Uniqueness and Diversity in Human Evolution. Comparison of Australopithecus and Homo using multivariate statistics does not support the claim that australopithecines are ancestral to humans. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
The New Evangelical Protology and Its Impact On Eschatology
Adam’s role and identity in the Genesis account, his use in the New Testament, and his theological function in major Christian doctrines have become the epicenter of the new discussion concerning human origins. The hermeneutical and theological dilemmas created by these new proposals are ground shaking when it comes to the assumed stance on origins and soteriology sustained by an increasing number of Evangelicals. Slowly but surely this paradigm shift among and within Evangelicals is affecting their understanding of Scripture, and of its authority and primacy in matters of doctrine. Article published in Reflections, n. 80, newsletter of the Biblical Research Institute.
Authentic History of the Beginning of our World
A compilation of statements from the writings of Ellen G. White that affirm the Bible provides an authentic account of the creation of our world.
This article by Ellen G. White, published in Signs of the Times, was a reprint of a section of her book Spiritual Gifts (Battle Creek, Mich.: Steam Press of the Seventh-day Adventist Publishing Association, 1864), vol. 3, pp. 90-96.
Creation of the Earth
A collection of statements from the writings of Ellen G. White that touch upon aspects of the creation of our world
Earth Antedated by Other Created Worlds
A compilation of statements form the writings of Ellen G. White that refer to the existence of other created worlds beside the earth
God Not Indebted to Pre-existing Matter
A collection of statements form the writings of Ellen G. White affirming that God is the creator of matter
A collection of statements form the writings of Ellen G. White on the subject of amalgamation
Antediluvian World Conditions
A collection of statements from the writings of Ellen G. White on the world and its inhabitants before the flood
Mountains and Mountain Building
A collection of statements from the writings of Ellen G. White inspired by the majesty and beauty of mountains.
A Short Chronology
A collection of statements from the writings of Ellen G. White that include a reference to a time interval of about six thousand years
The Sabbath Is as Old as Earth Itself
A collection of passages from the writings of Ellen G. White linking sabbath to the creation
Time Lapse between Creation, Moses and Christ
A compilation of statements from the writings of Ellen G. White referencing a short chronology since creation printed in chapter 5 of Ellen G. White Statements Relating to Geology and Earth Sciences
Volcanic Eruptions and Earthquakes
A collection of passages from the writings of Ellen G. White making reference to volcanic activity and earthquakes
The Potency of Prevailing Concepts–by Robert H. Brown
Several scientists have acknowledged that the evidence for evolution is deficient, and new approaches and information are needed. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
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Other Related Resources
The Genesis Creation Account and Its Reverberations in the Old Testament
Gerald A. Klingbeil, (Editor). 2015. Andrews University Press. ISBN-13: 978-19409800906
A more expanded, scholarly version of the book He Spoke and It Was.
He Spoke and It Was
Gerald A. Klingbeil, (Editor). 2015. Pacific Press Publishing Association. ISBN-13: 978-0816358335
Entrusted: Christians and Environmental Care
Steve Dunbar, L. James Gibson, and Humberto M. Rasi, (Editors). 2013. Adventus: International University Publishers. ISBN-13: 978-0984539970
L. James Gibson and Humberto M. Rasi, (Editors). 2011. Pacific Press. ISBN-13: 978-0816324286
Coming to Grips with Genesis
Terry Mortensen and Thane Urey, (Editors). 2008. Master Books. ISBN 13: 978-0890515488
Michael Newton Keas. 2019. Intercollegiate Studies Institute. ISBN-13: 978-1610171533
Many false myths about the history and relationship of Christianity and science have entered the popular culture. This book traces seven of these myths to their origins.
Return of the God Hypothesis
Stephen C. Meyer. 2021. New York: HarperOne. ISBN-13: 978-0062071507
Book review by Jim Gibson
David J. Galloway. 2021. John Ritchie Publishing. ISBN-13: 978-1914273018
Book review by David G. Pennington
The Fall of Man and the Foundations of Science
Peter Harrison, 2007. Cambridge University Press. 300 pages. ISBN-13: 978-0521117296
Book review by J. Gibson
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Leonard Brand and Arthur Chadwick. 2016. Andrews University Press. ISNB-13: 978-1940980119
Short videos based on this book are available here.
ByDesign Biology: The Scientific Study of Life
2020. Kendall Hunt Religious Publishing. ISBN-13: 978-1792425424
Leonard R. Brand. 2019. Pacific Press. ISBN-13: 978-0816365029
A book that explores the creationist worldview in the form of a dialogue
The Scientific Approach to Evolution
Rob Stadler. 2016. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN-13: 978-1532988097
Book review by Jim Gibson
What was created on the first day of creation week? What was created on the fourth day of creation week? Why doesn't the sequence of the days of creation match the sequence in the fossil record? Could the days of creation actually represent periods of a thousand years each, as in 2 Peter 3:8? Could the "days" of creation represent indefinite periods of time? Did the creation take place 6000 years ago? How did Cain find a wife if there were no other humans around before creation week? Do Genesis 1 and 2 present different accounts of the creation? What unsolved questions about creation week are of greatest interest?
What are the "Genesis kinds?" How do we account for predators, parasites and poisonous creatures if animals originally ate plants? Aren't there limits to how much species can change? What is the taxonomic unit that best represents the originally created kinds? Can species change rapidly enough to account for present biodiversity in a relatively short time? How do we explain the genetic and molecular similarities of humans and chimpanzees? What unsolved problems about change in species are of greatest interest?
Creation Day 1
Discusses the properties of light that contribute to make our planet habitable
Creation Day 2
What are the properties of the earth's atmosphere that make it just right to sustain life?
Creation Day 3
Explains how the composition of the crust, properties of water, and metabolism of plants contribute to support life on earth
Creation Day 5
Illustrates some examples of ingenuous functional design and cooperation in marine organisms and birds
Creation Day 6
Illustrates complex and functional systems in terrestrial organisms and addresses the uniqueness of humans
Creation Week Banner, Day 1
Some of the properties of light and the Sun that make life possible
Creation Week Banner, Day 3
The earth's crust, water, and plants contribute to the subsistence of life
Creation Week Banner, Day 4
Relation of the Sun and the Moon to the Earth and some biological cycles
The Book of Beginnings: Creation and the Promise of Redemption
Ben Clausen and Gerald Wheeler. 2006. Review and Herald Publishing Association. ISBN-13: 9780828019859
Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from Its Cultural Captivity
Nancy R. Pearcey. 2004. Crossway Books. ISBN-13: 978-1581344585
In Six Days: Why Fifty Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation
John F. Ashton, (Editor). 2001. Master Books. ISBN-13: 978-0890513415
Where did the water come from for the flood, and where did it go? How could the waters of the flood cover Mt. Everest? How could the Earth be destroyed by 40 days and 40 nights of rain? Was the flood truly worldwide? What about proposals that the biblical Flood story refers to a local flood somewhere in the Middle East? What unsolved questions about the Flood are of greatest interest?
The New Creationism: Building Scientific Theories on a Biblical Foundation
Paul Garner. 2009. Evangelical Press USA. ISBN 13: 978-0852346921
Book review by Jim Gibson
Were there really cave men? Are there really fossils that look like primitive humans? Were Neanderthals true humans? What are "archaic" human fossils? What were the erectines? What were the australopithecines? Do fossil foot bones of australopithecines indicate they were fully bipedal? Is there an evolutionary sequence leading from apes to humans? What about the giant humans that lived before the flood? Have any been found? Was there really a “Stone Age”? Did humans hunt mammoths? How did the races of humans originate? Are some of them marked by a curse? What unsolved questions about fossil humans are of greatest interest?
Christopher Rupe and John C. Sanford. 2019 (2nd edition). FMS Publications. ISBN-13: 978-0981631684
A critical outlook at the hominin fossil record and its conflicting interpretations in the field of paleoanthropology
Secrets Uncovered: Stories from a Christian Fossil Hunter
Leonard Brand. 2020. Pacific Press Publishing Association. ISBN-13 : 9780816365203
- Ecology & Conservation
- Intelligent Design
- Other Sciences
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- Origins Journal: Archive