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Cambrian Explosion and Darwin's Doubt–by L. James Gibson
If one accepts the evidence of the Cambrian Explosion at face value, the Darwinian theory of evolution is falsified. Unsurprisingly, evolutionists have tried to explain the Cambrian Explosion as an artifact, due to the incompleteness of the fossil record. However, there is an explanation for the Cambrian Explosion that is consistent with the data. An intelligent being could generate the genetic information needed for a diversity of body types in a short time.
Teeming Creatures of the Sea!–by Stephen Dunbar
The number of different kinds of living organisms is one measure of biological diversity, or what has become known as “biodiversity.” Our world’s oceans have the highest known biodiversity, second only to the number of species found in the tropical rainforest.
What Is Biology? Part 2 of 4–by Timothy G. Standish
There are still some rules that we have to follow if we are to do any science, including biology. The first is that empirical data is the authoritative test of all ideas in science.
What Is Biology? Part 4 of 4–by Timothy G. Standish
There is no simple clear definition of what life is. This is appropriate as life is a wonderful, complex, beautiful, enigmatic phenomenon that defies any effort to over-simplify it. Still, most people have no difficulty recognizing living things and differentiating them from non-living things.
Organisms in Their Niche: Passive Modeling Clay or Problem-Solving Entities?–by Randy J. Guliuzza
One person’s cultural background can bias their view about people from other cultures… even before they have ever met. Could people also have a bias about how they think about other creatures? It may even be possible that scientific culture could prejudice the way researchers see creature-environmental relations with the potential to bias whole research programs.
Archaeopteryx: Bird or Reptile? Or Not?–by L. James Gibson
Archaeopteryx is arguably the most famous fossil ever discovered. It has a mixture of bird-like and reptile-like traits, and was first reported only two years after Charles Darwin published his book, The Origin of Species. Since then, another eleven Archaeopteryx specimens have been recovered from the limestones near Solnhofen, Germany.
The Bible and Biology–by Leonard R. Brand
If the stranglehold of naturalism can be weakened enough for open discussion of the philosophical issues, the resulting open-minded discussion of design vs. chance will be very beneficial to science. There is a great need of this openness in science. Science should be an open-ended search for truth, rather than a closed system that will not consider certain ideas.
A Christian Approach to Biology–by L. James Gibson
The philosophical context in which biology is presented can make an important difference in its meaning for the student. The philosophical worldview of the biblical Christian is quite different from that of the non-Christian; thus, the biology teacher may have a profound influence on the development of worldview by the student.
Searching for the Creator through the Study of a Bacterium–by George T. Javor
As a scientist, I frequently find myself taking a polemic stance in defense of creationism. In doing this, I easily lose sight nature as a revealer of its Creator. It is a pleasant change to contemplate my field of scientific interest, looking for insight about the Creator.
Biblical Approaches to Biology–by George T. Javor
The integration of Bible and science is an uphill work that requires careful reading of both the Bible and of scientific data. Because no other natural science has traveled so great a distance down an anti-biblical road, no other science requires this corrective procedure more than biology.
The Bible and Microbiology–by George T. Javor
If microorganisms are indeed ubiquitous and indispensable, it is reasonable to expect to find evidences of their activities in the biblical record. Such an approach may enrich our grasp of the sacred text. This paper intends to show that there is more microbiology in the Bible than meets the eye!
Issues of Origins in Zoology and Genetics: A Look at the Evidence–by Marcia Oliveira de Paula
Zoology and genetics are required courses for biology majors. Both subjects are usually structured around the theme of the theory of evolution. A careful examination of the scientific basis of these disciplines shows that the evolutionary framework doesn't fit with a lot of their fundamental aspects, however. Some of these topics even constitute strong evidence in favor of intelligent design.
At the Brink of the Gene Age–by George T. Javor
What are genes? What role do they play in the function of organisms?
The Mystery of Life–by George T. Javor
The study of living matter is at the center of all current scientific efforts. But strangely, life itself is not the object of much study. Scientists seem to take the existence of life for granted.
Creationism: Still Valid in the New Millennium?
Creationism is a robust paradigm, fully capable of undergirding the scientific enterprise in the new millennium. Wider acceptance of creationism by the scientific community in the future will depend, in part, on how well theologians can convince scientists of the priceless value of revealed information.
Bits and Particles: Information and Machines Sufficient to Infer an Intelligent Designer–by Timothy G. Standish
The molecules of life suggest no need for Christians to become sycophants to materialistic philosophy posing as science. On the contrary, science liberated from the artificial constraints of materialism provides an elegant mechanism for study of the creation and logically points to a wonderful Creator.
Humans and Chimpanzees are 99.4% Identical...or Are They?–by Timothy G. Standish
Recently, the city buses in my neighborhood gained a new set of brightly-colored advertisements along their sides. In bold letters, they proclaimed that humans and chimpanzees are 98% identical: “Come and meet your relatives.”
What are the Limits of Death in Paradise?–by Leonard R. Brand
In the original earth as it was created and in the new earth, was there and will there be no decay and no death of animals or plants? Do all living things live forever in a perfect world?
The Trilobite: Enigma of Complexity, Evidence for Intelligent Design–by Arthur V. Chadwick
Trilobites are complex, elaborately segmented forms with jointed appendages and swimmerets, antennae, compound eyes, and cephalized, or head-to-tail, nervous systems.
Species on Islands: Evidence for Change–by L. James Gibson
In the early development of the theory of evolution by natural selection, two men stand out as having played a central role: Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace. Both men traveled widely and were keen observers of nature. For both men, visits to islands played an important role in developing their understanding of nature. Darwin's visit to the Galapagos Islands is of special interest.
Historical Biogeography of South America, Part I: Living Vertebrates–by L. James Gibson
Many families of vertebrates appear to have reached South America from the north, as would be expected as they dispersed from the ark after the worldwide flood. These include all the widespread families. Many other families are restricted to South America. Their biogeographical history is unknown.
Historical Biogeography of South America, Part II: Fossil Vertebrates–by L. James Gibson
This section focuses on South American fossil vertebrates, excluding marine fish. Extinct families will be emphasized here, as living families were considered in Part 1.
Rubisco: No Longer Burdened with Evolutionary Baggage–by Timothy G. Standish
Poor design in Rubisco can now be added to the growing list of failed Darwinian arguments from ignorance.
Pseudogenes and Origins–by L. James Gibson
Pseudogenes are DNA sequences that resemble genes but do not appear to have a function. Similar pseudogenes in humans and chimps have been used to argue for common ancestry. However,if pseudogenes have a function in gene regulation the argument for common ancestry would be greatly weakened. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Genetic Similarity Does Not Necessarily Mean Common Inheritance–by L. James Gibson
Different populations of stickleback fish have parallel genetic adaptations to similar local habitats.
Evolution: The Seen and the Unseen–by Clifford Goldstein
How can some people be so certain about evolution, while others, with the same certainty, deny it? Part of the answer can, in broad terms, be boiled down to the difference between what is seen and what is not seen. More specifically, and in the context of evolution itself, this disparity arises from the difference between microevolution and macroevolution. What are these two concepts, and how does the difference between them help explain much of the controversy surrounding the theory of evolution? This article was published on the August 2019 issue of Signs of the Times.
Is There Design in Nature?–by L. James Gibson
Can we detect design in nature? What kind of arguments have been used to make the design inference?
A Creationist View of Chromosome Banding and Evolution–by L. James Gibson
Staining of chromosomes reveals a pattern of banding that may be used for comparisons of different species. Similar species typically have similar banding patterns, although there are exceptions. Banding patterns may be interpreted as hypotheses of relationship but are not, in themselves, sufficient to settle such questions. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 1.
Introns: New Complexity in the Synthesis of Higher Organism RNA–by Berney R. Neufeld
Portions of the DNA information are not present in mRNA transcribed from the DNA, in plants and animals, as opposed to bacteria. The DNA sequences that are missing in the m-RNA are called introns, and seem to be widespread. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 1.
Intelligent Design: The Biochemical Challenge to Darwinian Evolution?–by Ewan Ward, Marty Hancock
While Christians may be convinced that design in nature points to a Creator-God, the general scientific community has not been persuaded. Perhaps more scientifically respectable work on intelligent design of the kind done by Behe and Dembski will encourage evolutionary scientists to look beyond purely naturalistic mechanisms to explain the complexity and meaning of life.
Caenorhabditis elegans as a Model to Understand the Role of Epigenetic Heritage in Microevolution–by Tiago A. J. de Souza
Questioning the Age of “Mitochondrial Eve?”–by L. James Gibson
Confirmation that fathers may sometimes pass mitochondrial DNA to their children violates the assumptions used to calculate the age of the most recent female common ancestor of all living humans. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Annotations from the Literature
A collection of short commentaries on scientifc papers published in 1983-1985, covering topics such as amino acid dating, problems in evolutionary theory, God and the New Physics, Scientists Confront Creationism, transgenic mammals, philosophy of science, and In the Minds of Men. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 2.
Rushing to Judgment: Functionality in Noncoding or “Junk” DNA–by Timothy G. Standish
As many important functions played by noncoding DNA have come to light, the assumption can no longer be made that it represents DNA potsherds of evolution. How much data actually unambiguously support Darwinian evolution? What evolutionary theory actually predicts? And, how data can be used to check its predictive power? Published in Origins n. 53.
Two Jellyfish Genomes Are as Different as Humans and Sea Urchins–by L. James Gibson
Comparison of genomes of jellyfish and sea anemones highlights the importance of orphan genes in taxonomically close organisms.
The Giant Flightless Birds Have Similar Changes in Regulatory Genes Leading to Flightlessness–by L. James Gibson
Is the genetic basis of loss of flight due to mutations in protein-coding genes or in regulatory genes?
Transcription Factors and Body Morphology–by L. James Gibson
Humans have unique “developmental control genes” that distinguish them from chimpanzees and other animals
Different Colors on Different Soils–by L. James Gibson
The specific genes have been identified that cause a lizard to match the black rocks it lives on.
A Mechanism for Rapid Change in Species–by L. James Gibson
Cichlid fish in Nicaraguan lakes show evidence of rapid change.
A Genomic Code for Chromosomal Structure–by Jim Gibson
Chromosomes regulate their own structure through their sequences of non-protein-coding DNA.
Pseudogenes at Work–by Jim Gibson
Pseudogenes are important in gene regulation and other activities.
“Silent” Substitutions Make a Difference–by Jim Gibson
Changing a DNA sequence can affect a protein even if it does not change the amino acid sequence.
Darwin’s Cost–by Jim Gibson
Species may undergo minor adaptation through Darwinian processes, but this comes at the cost of genetic deterioration.
How Many Brains Do We Have?–by Timothy G. Standish
New study of neuronal diversification reveals the complexity of the gut's brain
Synthesizing Life in the Laboratory: Why is it not Happening?–by George T. Javor
Laboratory abiogenesis is one of the ultimate goals of experimental biology. The most formidable barrier to create living matter in the laboratory is not the complexity of the cell, rather the absolute requirement for non-equilibrium steady state for all chemical reactions. Current synthetic biology technologies cannot yet produce cells, which harbor chemical systems in non-equilibrium steady-states.
On the Origin of Life, Computer Code, and Brownies–by Arthur G. Schwarz
Review by Arthur G. Schwarz of the book “The DNA Question: Where Does the Information Come From?"
Creation, Flood, and Biogeography–by L. James Gibson
Biogeography is the study of the distributions of living organisms. Biogeographers seek to discover what historical and ecological factors explain why a species lives in one particular area but not in another area. This article examines how the flood might have influenced the present patterns of distributions of various types of living organisms.
A Review of the Nature Documentary “The Riot and the Dance”–by Ronny Nalin
Most nature documentaries include some language that refers to an underlying naturalistic understanding of origins. However, the recently released nature documentary “The Riot and the Dance” breaks this common pattern in a refreshing way.
A Baraminological Analysis of Subtribe Flaveriinae (Asteraceae: Helenieae)–by Todd C. Wood, David P. Cavanaugh
The subtribe Flaveriinae is a group in the sunflower family. This group of plants appears to have diversified from a single ancestral species after the flood. Published in Origins n. 52.
Which Vertebrates Make Vitamin C?–by Elwood S. McCluskey
Vitamin C is important in vertebrate physiology, but is acquired in different ways. Some mammals and perching birds do not synthesize it and must get it in their diet. Most other mammals and birds synthesize vitamin C, in their kidneys, the livers, or both. The pattern of synthesizing sometimes follows taxonomic patterns and sometimes not. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 2.
Temperature Regulation in Tetrapod Vertebrates: Ectotherms vs. Endotherms–by Elwood S. McCluskey
Animals with high metabolic rates (birds and mammals) are capable of greater work output (speed, etc) but are restricted in size and shape in order to avoid losing too much body heat. Reptiles and amphibians have lower metabolic rates, and can survive at much smaller sizes and elongated shapes than birds or mammals. This is interpreted as a result of design for a diverse ecosystem. Published in Origins v. 9, n. 2.
Coral Reef Growth–by Ariel A. Roth
Coral reefs take time to grow, and some have questioned whether certain coral reefs could have grown to their present size in the time since the Flood. Evidence reported here indicates that rates of coral reef growth are quite variable, depending on water temperature, carbonate concentration, and depth. At the surface, ultraviolet light inhibits coral growth, so surficial measurements of coral growth are not a good basis for estimating rates of growth. Under ideal conditions, coral is capable of growing fast enough to produce present coral reefs in the time since the Flood. Published in Origins v. 6, n. 2.
Do Rabbits Chew the Cud?–by Leonard R. Brand
Rabbits have a mechanism for re-processing food after it has fermented in the cecum. This is functionally equivalent to the cud-chewing of cattle, in which fermented food is redirected so that the nutrients produced by bacterial action can be utilized by the mammal. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2.
Neopilina: A Living Fossil–by Conrad D. Clausen
A living mollusk from the eastern Pacific is similar to a Silurian fossil thought to be extinct for millions of years. This "living fossil" (a "Lazarus species") is a major discovery in mollucsan biology. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
What is the Meaning of Kinds in Genesis?–by L. James Gibson
The words kind and kinds that are mentioned in the Creation narrative of Genesis 1:21, 24, and 25. How are we to understand these terms in a modern context? How do they relate to current terms and classifications in biology?
The Riddle of Migratory Birds: Another Evidence of God’s Design–by Kyu Bong Lee
How does one account for bird migrations? Why do they migrate at all? How do they know when it’s time to begin the long journey? What guides their flight path and direction? How do they know their destination, and how do they prepare for the trip?
Ecology, Biodiversity, and Creation: A View from the Top–by Henry A. Zuill
The complex and vitally essential ecology and biodiversity we find in nature today, at the top of the structural hierarchy of nature, suggest that many interacting organisms would have been required right from the beginning. Only a short-term creation would provide such ecosystem requirements.
What a Wood Warbler Can Tell us About “Filling the Earth”–by L. James Gibson
Hybridization among wood warblers suggests “filling the earth” through dispersal, speciation and adaptation to local habitats.
Prolonged Milk Provisioning in a Jumping Spider–by L. James Gibson
A jumping spider has been discovered to produce a kind of milk to nourish its babies, in a manner similar to what mammals do.
Genesis Kinds and the Sea Urchin–by L. James Gibson
The idea that different types of organisms were created and commanded to reproduce "after their kinds" seems widely believed among creationists. It may therefore come as a surprise to many to learn the idea is not stated in the Bible. Published in Origins n. 60.
Annotations From the Literature–by L. James Gibson
A collection of short commentaries of scientific papers published in 1996, covering topics such as biogeography, Milankovitch cycles, turtles, degeneration by mutation, fossil sharks, fossil bird, ichthyosaurs, speciation rates in cichlid fish, plate tectonic anomaly. Published in Origins v. 23, n. 2.
Genomes and Design–by Timothy G. Standish
Within a Darwinian framework, this means that all genes shared by humans and sea urchins must have been present in a common ancestor shared sometime before Cambrian strata, which contain both chordate and echinoderm fossils, formed. Published in Origins n. 60.
Cnidarian Venom Evolution: Nothing New Under the Sun–by David Nelsen
Cnidarians appear to have recruited as toxins the same kinds of proteins recruited by many other venomous animals. However, toxin diversity within groups of organisms does not appear to be related to the alleged evolutionary history of the various groups.
The “Australian Problem”–by Richard D. Tkachuck
A review of the book, Ecological Biogeography of Australia. An exhaustive review of the geology, flora nad fauna of Australia. Published in Origins v. 8, n. 2.
Is a Yak a Buffalo?–by Anthony J. Zuccarelli
A review of the book, Variation and Fixity in Nature. The nature of created kinds (baramins) is discussed and evaluated. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 2.
Design in Crane Fly Eyes–by L. James Gibson
Fossilized crane fly eyes discovered to be calcified and have melanin
Review—The Riot and the Dance: Water–by Timothy G. Standish
New nature documentary by Dr. Gordon Wilson premiers on March 6.
Did Life Begin in an "RNA World"?–by L. James Gibson
The "RNA World" hypothesis for the origin of life is implausible for several reasons, among them the difficulty of producing RNA naturalistically, its relative instability in water over time, the problem of chirality, and the insufficiency of RNA to form a living cell. Published in Origins v. 20., n. 1.
A New Attempt to Understand the Origin of Life: The Theory of Surface-Metabolism–by George T. Javor
The new theory of surface metabolism suggests that the forerunners of living matter were formed underwater, on metallic surfaces. While the theory of surface-metabolism represents a prodigious effort to explain the origin of living matter, it falls far short of its goal. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 1.
Origin of Life: A Look at Late 20th-Century Thinking–by George T. Javor
The origin of life continues to be a game-stopper for materialism. Two major problems point to the inadequacy for life to arise spontaneously. First, cells have a high information content that has no known material source. Second, life is a non-equilibrium process that is opposed by natural law which pushes chemical reactions to equilibrium. There is no explanation for life's origin apart from an intelligent creator. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 1.
Probability and Its Application to the Origin of Life–by David G. Kissinger
Probability is used to estimate the likelihood of an event occurring in which enough is known to constrain the possibilities. The naturalistic origin of life is extremely unlikely and has never been observed, so that probabilities do not really apply to the question, but indicate that some alternative explanation is to be sought. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 2.
Life, an Evidence for Creation–by George T. Javor
Life is a property of precisely ordered biopolymers maintaining a non-equilibrium state. The ordering requires information, and this, with the chemical state of non-equilibrium, are conditions not available to natural processes, and point to the existence of a Creator. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 2.
Organization and the Origin of Life–by John C. Walton
The application of the laws of physics and chemistry to the question of the origin of life poses some very basic questions and answers which are evaluated by the author. Published in Origins v. 4, n. 1.
The Chemical Composition of the Earth's Original Atmosphere–by John C. Walton
There appears to be no persuasive evidence that the atmosphere has ever differed substantially from its present composition. The presence of oxygen in the earth's original atmosphere would have a dramatic inhibitory effect on the synthesis and accumulation of organic molecules and would virtually rule out the possibility that life arose in this way. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 2.
Oxygen and Evolution –by George T. Javor, G. T. Snow, G. E. Snow
Some recent data raises serious questions regarding the plausibility of the model of a reducing atmosphere in early earth history. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 2.
Life: An Evidence for Creation (Special Edition)–by George T. Javor
SPECIAL EDITION: COMPLETE ISSUE
Entire special issue, Life: An Evidence of Creation. Published in Origins, v. 25, n. 1.
Proving God?–by L. James Gibson, George T. Javor
This editorial is the Forward for the article, Life: An Evidence of Creation. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 1.
Chapter 1: Is There Such a Thing as Life?–by George T. Javor
Chapter One of the article, Life: An Evidence for Creation. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 1.
Chapter 2: The Matter of Life and Death–by George T. Javor
Chapter Two in the article, Life: An Evidence of Creation. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 1.
Chapter 3: What Makes a Cell Tick?–by George T. Javor
Chapter Three in the article, Life: An Evidence for Creation. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 1.
Chapter 4: Once upon a Time Ther Was a Molecule...–by George T. Javor
Chapter 4 in the article, Life: An Evidence for Creation. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 1.
Chapter 5: Message of the Molecules–by George T. Javor
Chapter 5 in the article, Life: An Evidence for Creation. 1. Everyday experience teaches us that manufactured goods with new functions are made from pre-designed components. 2. Successively more complex levels of our reality with new functions are based on the interactions of simpler forms of matter. This suggests that our complex reality is designed. Published in Origins, v. 25, n. 1.
Life: An Evidence for Creation–by George T. Javor
This brief monograph was written to champion the views of a minority in the scientific community. This minority holds that it is possible to accept this ancient report of Earth's creation at face value — and still be a true scientist. But the main purpose is to go a step further. It will be argued that a close examination of life can lead observers to the logical conclusion that life itself is an actual evidence for creation. Published in Origins v. 25, n. 1.
Chicken Soup, Self-Organization and the Origin of Life: A Test–by L. James Gibson
Life is proposed to have originated by random processes in a chemical soup. The validity of this idea can be tested by looking for life ini cans of chicken soup, which contain all the chemicals needed and so ought to provide an ideal environment for life to originate, if the theory is valid. Published in Origins n. 58.
Reactions–by Ariel A. Roth
Readers are invited to submit their reactions to the articles in our journal. Please address contributions to: Origins, Geoscience Research Institute, 11060 Campus St., Loma Linda, California 92350 USA.
A Candid Reevaluation–by Rene Evard
A review of the book, The Mystery of Life's Origin: Reassessing Current Theories. This is a review of the scientific evidence against the theory of abiogenesis. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 2.
Life from Space–by Richard D. Tkachuck
A review of two books on the origin of life: Life Itself, and Evolution from Space. Both books conclude that life is much too complex to have originated on the earth, and must have come from some other part of the universe. Published in Origins v. 10, n. 2.
Chemical Evolution–by Rene Evard, David Schrodetzki
Our study reveals that chemical evolution does not provide a satisfying solution to the question of the origin of life. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
Conference on the Origin of Life–by Gerald Wheeler
The Mars Viking Landing failed to find evidence for life on Mars. The Lander found carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere but no organic material in the Martian soil. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 2.
One Side of the Question–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, How Life Began. The view presented is a kind of theistic evolution. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 2.
Literature Reviews–by Ian M. Fraser
Reviews of the books, The Origins of Life on the Earth, and Speculations and Experiments Related to the Theories on the Origin of Life: A Critique. These two books present opposite views on the problem of the origin of life. Published in Origins v. 2, n. 1.
Scientific Revolutions: Part 2–by L. James Gibson
Science is not a straight pathway to total reality and truth, but involves numerous tentative conclusions, reversals of opinion, and inherent uncertainty. Its utility is not that it is always true, but that it is useful and leads to further discovery.
Is Homo naledi Your “Relative,” “Ancestor,” or “Part of the Human Family Tree”?–by Ronny Nalin
The aim of this article is to use the example of Homo naledi to illustrate the distinction between data and interpretations, and to discuss some of the questions a biblical creationist might have in relation to this new discovery.
Pterosaurs of the Triassic: An Update–by Matthew McLain
This post complements an article that was written in 2014. Since then, there have been some interesting developments in the area of Triassic pterosaurs that are worth mentioning, the most important being the recent description by Britt et al. (2018) of a Triassic pterosaur from the Nugget Sandstone of Utah.
Genesis and Genomics–by L. James Gibson
New information from whole-genome sequencing may contribute to creationist theory regarding the extent of change in species. Published in Origins v. 24, n. 2.
An Interventionist Theory of Natural Selection and Biological Change within Limits–by Leonard R. Brand, L. James Gibson
This paper proposes that mutation and natural selection can produce biological change, but are not sufficient to explain the origins of biodiversity and complexity. Instead, the authors argue that genetic complexity is the result of intelligent design, and was at a maximum when life on Earth first came into being. Published in Origins v. 20, n. 2.
The Search for an Evolutionary Mechanism–by Ariel A. Roth
Several ideas have been proposed over the past two centuries to explain how organisms could have evolved through naturalistic processes. None of them seems viable, and it seems reasonable that creation should be considered as an explanation. Published in Origins v. 19, n. 1.
Do DNA Distances Reveal Avian Phylogeny?–by L. James Gibson
The method of DNA-DNA hybridization has been applied to the relationships of birds, with some surprising results. The method is described and the results analyzed. While the results are quite interesting, there appear to be limits to the resolution of the method, and it seems inadvisable to depend upon this method alone when studying bird relationships. Published in Origins v. 14, n. 2.
Chromosomal Changes in Mammalian Speciation: A Literature Review–by L. James Gibson
Species in the same family or genus may have very similar chromosomal banding patterns, but with apparent rearrangements of parts of some chromsomes. Such rearrangements may contribute to speciation in mammals by interfering with meoisis. Published in Origins v. 11, n. 2.
Homologies–by Leonard R. Brand
Similarities in structure, or homologies, are what one would expect if all of life had been designed by a single Creator. Homologies are not evidence for evolution. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 2.
The Potency of Prevailing Concepts–by Robert H. Brown
Several scientists have acknowledged that the evidence for evolution is deficient, and new approaches and information are needed. Published in Origins v. 3, n. 1.
The Bible and Paleontology–by Arthur V. Chadwick
How can we accommodate the paleontological record with Scripture? If our approach to science is as it should be, we can acknowledge that there are still many unanswered questions for all sides, and we should have no fear of deeper investigation in science the data are not all in.
An Adventist Approach to Earth Origins.–by Benjamin L. Clausen
Science/religion issues are important because they have to do with ultimate realities, such as whether a supreme being is above the creation and can supernaturally intervene with events such as miracles, an Incarnation, a resurrection, a new birth, or an Advent.
The “Kinds” of Genesis 1: What is the Meaning of Mîn?–by Rahel Davidson Schafer
Animals can change in small or even large ways to adapt to their surroundings, but humans were created as God’s perfect climax to all that had thus far been created.
Evolution, Theology and Method: Part 3: Evolution and Adventist Theology–by Fernando Canale
Revelation, rather than reason, is the source of explanation and truth for those who believe in God and his revelation in Scripture. The Bible's words and inner logic, however, still need interpretation. That is why we need to place all Christian theologies, including Adventist theologies, under careful methodological criticism to make certain we understand biblical thinking on its own terms and not from hermeneutical presuppositions defined by philosophy, science, and culture. Only then can we say in practice that the Bible is the foundation of truth.
The Moral Implications of Darwinism–by Earl M. J. Aagaard
When Christian ethicists reach the same conclusions as Darwinists about our obligations to our fellow humans, it’s time to do some careful thinking. God created us, and He knows the evil of which we are capable. For this reason, He instructed us to treat all humans as worthy of equal dignity and respect.
Is the Theory of Evolution Scientific?–by Leonard R. Brand
I suggest that the level of confidence any one person has in the truth of evolutionary history directly reflects the degree of confidence they have that science is the surest way of finding truth in any topic, and/or the confidence they have in the assumption of naturalism.
Archaeopteryx: A Flying Reptile?–by Raul Esperante
Ever since it was discovered in 1861, Archaeopteryx lithographica has been a controversial fossil. Its remarkable finding has provided certain credibility to Darwin’s theory of evolution. Archaeopteryx has a mixture of characteristics found in birds, reptiles, and theropod dinosaurs, and for that reason, scientists are divided regarding its origin, flight capacity, and position in the alleged evolutionary sequence from reptiles to birds.
Issues in Intermediate Models of Origins–by L. James Gibson
Many models have been proposed that tend to blur some of the contrasts between the biblical and naturalistic theories. A number of attempts have been made to develop intermediate models in which elements of the biblical story of creation are mixed with elements of the scientific story of origins. All of these models share the biblical idea that nature is the result of divine purpose and the “scientific” idea of long ages of time, but all suffer from serious scientific problems or are entirely ad hoc and conjectural.
Religion Always Loses?–by Paul A. Giem
Whenever religion and science have a dispute about some question of fact, religion always loses. So goes a common belief. The implication is that religion should never make any factual claims, as it has no contact with reality. For some religions, such an assertion is irrelevant, as these religions do not make any claims about the physical universe. But for biblical Christianity, such an assertion would be fatal.
Why I Believe in Creation.–by Sean D. Pitman
Is God real? Is the Bible true? What about all those amazing stories in the Bible? Specifically, what about the Genesis stories? Did God really create the world and all that is in it in a literal week? Did that Creation occur only some 10,000 years ago? How could all these biblical accounts be true when so many brilliant scientists advocate otherwise?
Chance or Design? The Long Search for an Evolutionary Mechanism–by Ariel A. Roth
There has been a long and arduous search for a plausible evolutionary mechanism that would produce complex organized life. We shall look briefly at the past two centuries of this search.
When Science Rejected God–by Ariel A. Roth
At present, there is an almost absolute exclusion of God from scientific textbooks and journals. Unfortunately, such a closed attitude prevents science from following the data of nature wherever it may lead. Science cannot evaluate evidence for God as long as He is excluded from consideration.
Sociobiology: Why Do Humans Behave the Way They Do?–by Leonard R. Brand, Joe Galusha
For a large part of the 20th century, there was much discussion about evolution’s difficulty in explaining altruism. This was an important, unsolved problem.
Fossil Birds–by Timothy G. Standish
The known history of birds appears consistent with the idea that they were created. These new and spectacular avian fossils suggest is that the original creation produced a much greater variety of birds than previously imagined.
Cracks in the Evolutionary Facade–by John T. Baldwin
Darwin's theory is in crisis. The academic ball is in its court. What will the Adventist ministry speak in response? The general community, for the time being at least, is listening.
Adventist Theology and Deep Time/Evolutionary Theory: Are They Compatible?–by Fernando Canale
The goal of this essay is to assess the compatibility of Adventist theology with deep time and the evolutionary reconstruction of the origins of earth history.
What Happens to Biblical Truth if the SDA Church Accepts Theistic Evolution?–by Norman R. Gulley
Darwin’s view of God is contrary to the biblical view of God and should give Christians pause before buying into Darwin’s naturalism and attempting to wed it to the supernatural in a theistic evolutionary synthesis.
Natural Dissent: The Ethics of Evolutionary Biology–by Ronald Osborn
Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection was inspired not primarily by his observations of the natural world, but by Thomas Malthus's theory of scarcity.
The Adventist Message and the Challenge of Evolution–by Marco T. Terreros
The doctrine of Creation occupies an important place in Seventh-day Adventist message and mission. The reason for this is twofold: First, Adventists believe in a fiat Creation; and second, they are committed to the proclamation of the three angels’ message of Revelation 14.
Modern Bird Lung Design Documented in Rapidly Buried Fossil–by L. James Gibson
A fossil bird recovered from Cretaceous lake deposits in China shows preservation of some soft tissues, including a pair of lungs that appear to have functioned in a way similar to those of living birds.
Black Boxes And Designers–by David Ekkens
A review of the book, Darwin's Black Box. Published in Origins v. 23, n. 1.
Mr. Potato Head and Evolutionary Anomalies–by L. James Gibson
Much effort has been expended in attempts to arrange living organisms in a pattern based on genealogy. However, a tree-like pattern is not as evident as evolutionary theory would predict.
What Vain Pursuit–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Theistic Evolution: A Scientific, Philosophical and Theological Critique. Theistic evolution, the notion that God is the director of Darwinian-style evolution, is a vain attempt to combine contradictory views of earth history. Published in Origins, n. 65.
A Conversation Starter–by Melissa Price
A review of the book, Explore Evolution. This is written as a supplemental Classroom textbook exploring the controversies surrounding neo-Darwinism. Published in Origins, n. 63.
A New Blind Watchmaker: Design by Homeostasis–by Jerry R. Bergman
A review of the book, The Tinkerer's Accomplice, How Design Emerges from Life Itself. Mutation and selection are not sufficient to explain evolution, and another factor, homeostasis, should also be considered. Published in Origins, n. 62.
Over the Edge–by Timothy G. Standish
A review of the book, The Edge of Evolution: The Search for the Limits of Darwinism. Darwinian mechanisms may permit limited adjustment to living conditions, but there have not been enough events in the history of organisms for random mutations to construct complex adaptations. Changes in species are often due to broken genes rather than to new improvements, and intelligent design is necessary to explain complex adaptations. Published in Origins, n. 62.
A Response to Irreducible Complexity–by H. Thomas Goodwin
A review of the book, Compositional Evolution: The Impact of Sex, Symbiosis, and Modularity on the Gradualistic Framework of Evolution. Published in Origins, n. 61.
Making It All Uncomfortably Clear–by Timothy G. Standish
A review of the book, The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design. Published in Origins, n. 61.
Evo-Devo Not–by David N. Mbungu
A review of the book Why Is a Fly Not a Horse? Published in Origins n. 60.
Rapid Post-Flood Intrabaraminic Diversification Caused by Altruistic Genetic Elements (AGEs)–by Todd C. Wood
Thirteen biological phenomena are discussed in conjunction with evolution, creationist theories of diversification, and the hypothesis that transposable elements may produce rapid change in species. Published in Origins n. 54.
Visualizing Baraminic Distances Using Classical Multidimensional Scaling–by Todd C. Wood
In this article, the multivariate technique of classical multidimensional scaling is introduced to baraminology. Published in Origins n. 57.
An Amphibious Whale or a Terrestrial Swimmer?–by Raul Esperante
Is a recent fossil found in Peru evidence for transitional forms in an evolutionary sequence?
Can We Find a Message in the Pattern of Life?–by L. James Gibson
Review of the book, The Biotic Message: Evolution Versus Message Theory. Published in Origins v. 24, n. 1.
The Record of Life: How Explain?–by John R. Hadd
A review of the book, The Book of Life- An Illustrated History of the Evolution of Life on Earth. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 1.
Mysterious Solutions–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Blueprints: Solving the Mystery of Evolution. The book presents a rather uninformed critical response to creationism. Published in Origins v. 20, n. 1.
Neo-Darwinism Is Not Dead–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Arguments on Evolution: A Paleontologist's Perspective. This book is a defense against recent criticisms of neo-Darwinism. Published in Origins v. 18, n. 1.
Fewer Answers Than Questions–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Rates of Evolution. Published from a symposium on evolution. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 2.
Debunking Darwin–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Darwinism: The Refutation of a Myth. Written by a developmental biologist emphasizing the inadequacy of Darwinian evolutionary theory and advocating the importance of developmental processes in evolution. Published in Origins v. 16, n. 1.
The Great Twentieth-Century Myth–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis. Evolutionary theory faces many contrary lines of evidence and is in need of major changes. Published in Origins v. 13, n. 1.
Evidence or Preference as a Foundation for Belief?–by Robert H. Brown
A review of the book, The Great Evolution Mystery. Darwinism is entirely inadequate to explain evolution, so some other purely naturalistic mechanism is needed. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 1.
Evolution Defended–by L. James Gibson
A review of the book, Abusing Science: The Case Against Creationism. The book gives responses to criticisms of evolutionary theory by creationists, and presents several criticisms of creation theory. Published in Origins v. 12, n. 2.
You Become What You Eat?–by L. James Gibson
The type of bacteria in the gut influences the way fruit flies adapt to different environments.
A God of the Gaps?–by Edward N. Lugeneal
A review of the book, Puncuated Equilibria: The Tempo and Mode of Evolution Reconsidered. The new theory of punctuated equilibria acknowledges the gaps in the fossil record used by creationists as evidence against evolution, and explains them as due to the nature of the speciation process. However, the new theory applies only to gaps between species, and does not help with the problem of gaps between higher taxa. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 1.
Can Evolutionists Rescue This One?–by Ariel A. Roth
Review of the article, Biologists, Help! An appeal by a secular scholar for evolutionists to explain why so many fundamental suppositions of evolutionary theory are so poorly supported by the data. Published in Origins v. 5, n. 2.
Literature reviews–by Katherine Ching
A review of the book, Darwin Retried: An Appeal to Reason. the evidence for evolution is so weak it should not be considered a valid theory. Creation is not favored either. Published in Origins v. 1, n. 2.
Understanding the Theory of Evolution–by Raul Esperante
The theory of evolution has pervaded most fields of knowledge. Therefore, it is important to know the fundamentals of this theory in order to understand how this ideology influences interpretations of data from nature and differs from the biblical creation model of the origin of life forms.
Hybridization May Produce New Species–by L. James Gibson, Raul Esperante
Several species of longwing butterflies are discovered to be hybrids.
Pseudogenes and Origins*–by L. James Gibson
Pseudogenes are DNA sequences that resemble genes but do not appear to have a function. Similar pseudogenes in humans and chimps have been used to argue for common ancestry. However,if pseudogenes have a function in gene regulation the argument for common ancestry would be greatly weakened. Published in Origins v. 21, n. 2.
Is There a Scientific Conflict Between the Theory of Darwinian Evolution and the Fossil Record?–by Raul Esperante
Darwin saw evolution as a slow and steady process with species gradually transforming into new species over long time. He thought that the fossil record should provide evidence for his theory. However, the needed evidence proved to be elusive.
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What are the "Genesis kinds?" How do we account for predators, parasites and poisonous creatures if animals originally ate plants? Aren't there limits to how much species can change? What is the taxonomic unit that best represents the originally created kinds? Can species change rapidly enough to account for present biodiversity in a relatively short time? How do we explain the genetic and molecular similarities of humans and chimpanzees? What unsolved problems about change in species are of greatest interest?
Foresight – Fresh Examples of Intelligent Design
Marcos Eberlin, 2019. Discovery Press. ISBN-13: 978-1936599653
Intelligent design seen from nitrogen-processing bacteria to bird eggshells and respiratory regulation.
Return of the God Hypothesis
Stephen C. Meyer. 2021. New York: HarperOne. ISBN-13: 978-0062071507
Book review by Jim Gibson
ByDesign Biology: The Scientific Study of Life
2020. Kendall Hunt Religious Publishing. ISBN-13: 978-1792425424
The New Creationism: Building Scientific Theories on a Biblical Foundation
Paul Garner. 2009. Evangelical Press USA. ISBN 13: 978-0852346921
Book review by Jim Gibson
The DNA Question: Where Does The Information Come From?
Stephen O. Searfoss. 2019. Independently published. ISBN-13: 978-1697012446
Creation Day 5
Illustrates some examples of ingenuous functional design and cooperation in marine organisms and birds
Creation Day 6
Illustrates complex and functional systems in terrestrial organisms and addresses the uniqueness of humans
A collection of original photos taken by GRI scientists, illustrating a variety of organisms and features of biological interest.
Origin of Life
Have scientists created life? What is the meaning of the famous “Miller-Urey Experiment,” which produced amino acids from a simulated primordial atmosphere? Could life begin by chance in a "primordial soup"? Evaluate the theory that life began on mineral or clay surfaces in the ocean, perhaps around hydrothermal vents. How have developments in chaos theory and emergent properties affected our understanding of the origin of life problem? Has life been found on Mars?
Faith, Reason, and Earth History - 3rd Edition
Leonard Brand and Arthur Chadwick. 2016. Andrews University Press. ISNB-13: 978-1940980119
Short videos based on this book are available here.
Zombie Science: More Icons of Evolution
Jonathan Wells. 2017. Discovery Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1936599448
L. James Gibson and Humberto M. Rasi, (Editors). 2011. Pacific Press. ISBN-13: 978-0816324286
Origin by Design
Harold G. Coffin, Robert H. Brown and L. James Gibson. 2005. Review & Herald Publishing Assn. ISBN-13: 978-0828017763
Icons of Evolution: Science or Myth?
Jonathan Wells. 2002. Regnery Publishing, Inc. ISBN-13: 978-0895262004
Darwin’s God: Evolution and the Problem of Evil
Cornelius G. Hunter. 2001. Brazos Press. ISBN-13: 978-1587430534
Why is a Fly Not a Horse?
Giuseppe Sermonti. 2005. Discovery Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-0963865472
The Privileged Planet: How Our Place in the Cosmos is Designed for Discovery
Guillermo Gonzalez and Jay W. Richards. 2004. Regnery Publishing. ISBN-13: 978-0895260659
A Meaningful World: How the Arts and Sciences Reveal the Genius of Nature
Benjamin Wiker and Jonathan Witt. 2006. IVP Academic. ISBN-13: 978-0830827992
Explore Evolution: The Arguments For and Against Neo-Darwinism
Stephen C. Meyer, S. Minnich, J. Moneymaker, P. A. Nelson and R. Seelke. 2007. Hill House Publishers. ISBN-13: 978-1936599110
Biological Information: New Perspectives
Robert J Marks II, Michael J. Behe, William A. Dembski, Bruce L. Gordon, and John C. Sanford, (Editors). 2013. World Scientific Publishing. ISBN-13: 978-9814508711
Theistic Evolution; A scientific, philosophical, and theological critique.
Moreland JP, Meyer SC, Shaw C, Gauger AK, Grudem W., (Editors). 2017. Crossway. ISBN-13: 978-1433552861
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