Geoscience Research Institute

News Archives – July-Dec 2010

DISCLAIMER:  The following links do not necessarily represent endorsement by the Geoscience Research Institute, but are meant to provide information from a wide range of viewpoints and expertise on scientific issues, religious issues, and the interface between the two, particularly in the area of creation and evolution.



  • Evolution: The first supper” / 23 December 2010 / Michael Eisenstein / Nature, v.468, p.S8-S9 — diet-directed evolution shaped our brains, but whether it was meat or tubers, or their preparation, that spurred our divergence from other primates remains a matter of hot debate
  • Genetic history of an archaic hominin group from Denisova Cave in Siberia” / 23 December 2010 / David Reich, et al. / Nature, v.468, p.1053-1060
  • 2010: The year in which …” / 22 December 2010 / Adam Mann / Nature, v.468, p.1014-1016 — a round-up of the top science news stories of the past 12 months
  • Science Masterclass” / 14 October 2010 / Michelle Grayson / Nature, v.467, p.S1 — selected Q&As with Nobel laureates
    • Introduction: Curiosity aroused” / Michelle Grayson / p.S2-S3
    • A runaway success” / Arno Allan Penzias / p.S4 — 1978 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering the existence of cosmic background radiation
    • The joy of discovery” / Christian de Duve / p.S5 — 1974 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discoveries concerning the organization of the cell
    • Nothing to fear from mistakes” / Gerardus ‘t Hooft / p.S7 — 1999 Nobel Prize in Physics for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in atoms
    • Politics and prophecy” / John C. Mather / p.S9 — 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovery of the anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation
    • Anthropocene man” / Paul J. Crutzen / p.S10 — 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on formation and decomposition of ozone
    • Thinking in aeons” / George F. Smoot / p.S12 — 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for work on cosmic background radiation and measurement of the temperature variation (anisotropy)
    • Working at the coal face” / Harold W. Kroto / p.S13 — 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the discovery of buckminster fullerenes
    • Timeline: Lindau and the zeitgeist” / John Galbraith Simmons / p.S14-S15 — the annual Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings have evolved over the years, reflecting changes in both science and society
    • Life in science: Generation X-change” / Christopher Mims / p.S16-S18 — international meetings and exchanges are creating a universal, globe-spanning culture of science with widespread ramifications
    • Turning the Tables (video)


  • Court to Weigh University’s Decision Not to Hire Astronomer” / 24 December 2010 / Jennifer Couzin-Frankel / Science, v.330, n.6012, p.1731 — early next year, a federal court will take up the case of Martin Gaskell, an astrophysicist who claims that the University of Kentucky denied him a job because he is an evangelical Christian
  • Felisa Wolfe-Simon Interview: “Discoverer Asks for Time, Patience Over Arsenic Bacteria Controversy” / 24 December 2010 / Elizabeth Pennisi / Science, v.330, n.6012, p.1734-1735 — Three weeks ago, NASA astrobiology fellow Felisa Wolfe-Simon published a paper in Science about bacteria that can use arsenic instead of phosphorus in DNA and other biomolecules. Then came a torrent of criticism that she and her co-authors declined to respond to. Last week, Wolfe-Simon agreed to share some of her thoughts in an interview withScience‘s news department.
  • Altering the Past: China’s Faked Fossils Problem” / 24 December 2010 / Richard Stone / Science, v.330, n.6012, p.1740-1741 — a booming fossil market has resulted in a flood of “improved,” reconfigured, and composite specimens; many are finding their way into China’s museums
  • RETROSPECTIVE: “Allan Sandage (1926-2010)” / 24 December 2010 / Donald Lynden-Bell / Science, v.330, n.6012, p.1763 — an astronomer launched the field of observational cosmology and influenced our view of the universe over the past half-century
  • The evolutionary burst that made Earth oxygen-rich / 23 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2792, p.12 — gene families involved in respiration and photosynthesis arose in a short evolutionary burst which began around 3.3 billion years ago
  • New genes needed for survival too / 23 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2792, p.13 — modern mutations are as important for fruit flies as genes formed millions of years ago
  • Border collie takes record for biggest vocabulary / 22 December 2010 / Jessica Griggs / New Scientist, n.2792, p.8 — in the war between cats and dogs, dogs have made a mighty blow — a border collie has learned the names of 1022 items, more than any other non-human
  • Weird warriors: The animal world’s dirtiest fighters / 22 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2792, p.63-65 — from sea beasts that disembowel themselves to lizards that make knives out of their own broken bones, you don’t want to mess with these kick-ass critters
  • Near-death neurologist: Dreams on the border of life / 22 December 2010 / Amanda Gefter / New Scientist, n.2792, p.80-81 — neurologist Kevin Nelson explains how the brain slips into a strange state of hybrid consciousness during a near-death experience
  • 2011 preview: Expect Earth’s twin planet / 21 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2792, p.22 — earthlings will surely thrill at finding their planetary double: our calculation suggests the discovery could happen next year
  • Breakthrough of the Year: The First Quantum Machine” / 17 December 2010 / Adrian Cho / Science, v.330, n.6011, p.1604 — a humanmade object that moves in ways that can be described only by quantum mechanics might lead to tests of our notion of reality
  • Breakthrough of the Year: The Year in News” / 17 December 2010 / Jeffrey Mervis / Science, v.330, n.6011, p.1610-1611 — 2010 was a busy year for science and science policy. Science lists some developments that tested the limits of our knowledge and influenced thinking about the global research enterprise.
  • Stepping Away from the Trees for a Look at the Forest” / 17 December 2010 / Science, v.330, n.6011, p.1612-1613 — Science‘s news staff takes a break from reporting to review some big ideas of the past 10 years and the technologies that made them possible
    • Shining a Light on the Genome’s ‘Dark Matter’” / Elizabeth Pennisi / p.1614 — since the publication of the human genome sequence in 2001, scientists have found that the so-called junk DNA that lies between genes actually carries out many important functions
    • A Recipe for the Cosmos” / Adrian Cho / p.1615 — in the past decade, cosmologists have deduced a very precise recipe for the content of the universe, as well as instructions for putting it together, transforming cosmology from a largely qualitative endeavor to a precision science with a standard theory
    • Tiny Time Machines Revisit Ancient Life” / Ann Gibbons / p.1616 — Scientists have been giving us new views of the prehistoric world in the past decade that hinge on the realization that “biomolecules” such as ancient DNA and collagen can survive for tens of thousands of years and give important information about long-dead plants, animals, and humans.
    • A Roller-Coaster Plunge Into Martian Water–and Life?” / Richard A. Kerr / p.1617 — the past decade’s half-dozen martian missions have made it clear that early in Mars history, liquid water on or just inside the planet did indeed persist long enough to alter rock and, possibly, sustain the origin of life
    • Alien Planets Hit the Commodities Market” / Yudhijit Bhattacharjee / p.1620 — data on the 500-and-counting planets discovered outside of our solar system in the past decade are revolutionizing researchers’ understanding of how planetary systems form and evolve
  • World’s first animal-to-human transplant approved / 16 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2791, p.5 — a treatment for type 1 diabetes in which pig cells are transplanted into humans is going on sale in Russia
  • Bereaved animals grieve — if their lifestyle allows it / 16 December 2010 / Michael Marshall / New Scientist, n.2791, p.12 — prolonged grieving is only possible if the conditions are right to preserve the body, suggests a study of gelada monkeys
  • Liar, liar! Brain circuit predicts others’ honesty / 16 December 2010 / Michael Marshall / New Scientist, n.2791, p.14 — A set of linked brain regions predicts whether you are going to be deceived. It could help explain why some people become paranoid
  • Skin was the first organ to evolve / 16 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2790, p.17 — the discovery that even sponges have a proto-skin shows that this organ was essential to the development of multicellular life
  • Genome Evolution in Plant Pathogens” / 10 December 2010 / Peter N. Dodds / Science, v.330, n.6010, p.1486-1487 — pathogen genes that shut down specific host plant immune responses are highly divergent and have evolved rapidly to accommodate adaptation
  • Curb your enthusiasm for aliens, NASA / 8 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2790, p.5 — the latest revelations about “alien life” suggest the agency should focus more astrobiology and less on publicity
  • The poison eaters: alternative life forms / 8 December 2010 / David Shiga / New Scientist, n.2790, p.8-9 — two chemicals that swiftly kill most living things may sustain weird organisms in harsh environments on Earth, or even on alien planets
  • Quartet of giant planets puzzles astronomers / 8 December 2010 / New Scientist, n.2790, p.16 — the discovery of a fourth massive world around the star HD 8799 is straining the two leading planet-formation theories
  • Living dinosaurs: How birds took over the world / 8 December 2010 / James O’Donoghue / New Scientist, n.2790, p.36-40 — Birds descended from dinosaurs, so why did they survive and thrive as their relatives died? New Scientist explores five enigmas of avian evolution
    • Are we sure birds are dinos? / 14 December / p.36-38 — only now can we say beyond reasonable doubt that birds aren’t just built like dinosaurs — they actually are dinosaurs
    • Was archaeopteryx really a bird? / 15 December / p.38-39 — It had the wings and feathers of a bird, but the teeth, legs and claws of a dinosaur — so just what kind of beast was archaeopteryx?
    • How did feathers and flight evolve? / 16 December / p.39-40 — ancestors of the dinosaurs may have sported feathers long before the first dino took a leap of faith
    • When did modern birds evolve? / 17 December / p.40 — the late Cretaceous skies contained oddities to bamboozle any modern birdwatcher, but a few familiar sights too
    • Why did modern birds survive? / 18 December / p.40 — An asteroid strike killed off the dinosaurs and most of their relatives. Perhaps being birdbrained isn’t so bad after all.
  • How I Killed Pluto and Why It Had It Coming / December 2010 / Mike Brown / Spiegel & Grau — see also Amazon
    • How Pluto lost its planethood / 15 December 2010 / Jeff Hecht / New Scientist, n.2791, p.46 — astronomer recounts his role in Pluto’s demotion
  • The Abacus and the Cross: The Story of the Pope Who Brought the Light of Science to the Dark Ages / December 2010 / Nancy Marie Brown / Basic Books — see also Amazon
    • The scientist pope who lit up the Dark Ages / 22 December 2010 / James Hannam / New Scientist, n.2792, p.82 — the story of Gerbert of Aurillac, who was adept in astronomy and mathematics at a time thought to be devoid of science
    • REVIEW: December 3, 2010 / Huffington Post













  • Galileo / December 2010 / John Heilbron / Oxford University Press — see also Amazon
    • Galileo, the man and his times / 3 November 2010 / Andrew Robinson / New Scientist, n.2785, p.45 — John Heilbron’s scholarly biography, Galileo, situates the great scientist in the Italy of his time — and predicts he will be canonised
  • Enigma of Missing Stars in Local Group of Galaxies May Be Solved / November 19, 2010 / University of Bonn / Science Daily
  • Surprise Link Between Weird Quantum Phenomena / November 19, 2010 / Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore / Science Daily — Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle sets limits on Einstein’s ‘spooky action at a distance’
  • Einstein’s sceptics: Who were the relativity deniers? / 18 November 2010 / Milena Wazeck / New Scientist, n.2786, p.48-51 — when people don’t like what science tells them, they resort to conspiracy theories, mud-slinging and plausible pseudoscience — as Einstein discovered
  • Life is found in deepest layer of Earth’s crust / 18 November 2010 / Michael Marshall / New Scientist, n.2787, p.18 — an expedition to the deepest layer of the Earth’s oceanic crust has revealed an ecosystem living over a kilometre beneath our feet
  • Hardy bugs could survive a million years on Mars / 17 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2787, p.20 — the intense Martian cold should prolong the ability of “Conan the Bacterium” to withstand intense radiation
  • History’s biggest lungfish pops up in Nebraska / 17 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2787, p.20 — “humongous” tooth must have come from exceptionally large lungfish, though mystery surrounds how it came to be found in the state
  • LETTER: Blithe spirit / 17 November 2010 / Mike Legge / New Scientist, n.2787, p.31 — regular churchgoers seem to be happier than people who are not religious
  • Quantum time travel: Black hole not required / 17 November 2010 / Justin Mullins / New Scientist, n.2787, p.34-37 — you don’t need to set the universe in a spin to see time travel in action — so what happened when a photon with a quantum gun went back to kill itself?
  • Giant enigma: The fossil log that isn’t / 17 November 2010 / Roberta Kwok / New Scientist, n.2787, p.42-43 — Strange fossils like nothing alive have baffled botanists for over a century. Now one thinks she’s cracked the case
  • Extreme survival: The toughest life forms on earth / 16-19 November 2010 / Caroline Williams / New Scientist, n.2786
    • Life frozen solid / p.36-37 — more than 80 per cent of the habitats on Earth are colder than 5 °C — but there is no shortage of species that can cope with the chill
    • Creatures that can take the heat / p.37 — meet the bacterium you can boil, the ant that braves the Sahara’s midday sun and a worm that sticks its tail to hot rocks
    • Meet the immortals / p.38 — death has no sting for the jellyfish that has no age, and it’s a remote prospect for a lot of other organisms too
    • Pile on the pressure / p.39 — Just a few hundred metres below the ocean surface, proteins get bent out of shape. So how come the deepest waters are buzzing with life?
    • What’s bigger than a whale? / p.39 — there might never be a larger animal than the blue whale, but plants and fungi can dwarf it
    • Incredible shrinking bugs / p.40 — the question of how small life can get rubs up against the question of how we define life
    • The toughest beast in the world / p.40 — what shrugs off lethal gamma rays, temperatures close to absolute zero, the vacuum of space, unearthly pressure and 120 years without water
    • Dreaming through drought / p.41 — lots of animals sleep through dry spells, but to get through dry decades you have to turn your cells into sugar glass
  • The real value of life on Earth / 15 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2786, p.5 — in the effort to curb the loss of species by placing a cash value on nature, let’s not lose sight of its aesthetic appeal
  • Neandertal Brain Growth Shows a Head Start for Moderns” / 12 November 2010 / Ann Gibbons / Science, v.330, n.6006, p.900-901 — in the crucial first year of life, Neandertal brains developed dramatically differently from the way ours do
  • CELL BIOLOGY: “Irremediable Complexity?” / 12 November 2010 / Michael W. Gray, Julius Lukeš, John M. Archibald, Patrick J. Keeling, and W. Ford Doolittle / Science, v.330, n.6006, p.920-921 — complex cellular machines may have evolved through a ratchet-like process called constructive neutral evolution
  • Fossil Evidence for Evolution of the Shape and Color of Penguin Feathers” / 12 November 2010 / Julia A. Clarke, et al. / Science, v.330, n.6006, p.954-957 — a fossil penguin shows that the wing and feather form evolved before distinctive microstructural changes in the feathers
  • Early oxygenation of the terrestrial environment during the Mesoproterozoic” / 11 November 2010 / John Parnell, Adrian J. Boyce, Darren Mark, Stephen Bowden, and Sam Spinks / Nature, v.468, p.290-293
  • The rational case for irrational thinking / 10 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2786, p.5 — you’ll need more than logic to persuade people of your case
  • LHC starts making ‘mini big bangs’ / 10 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2786, p.7 — the Large Hadron Collider has begun smashing lead ions head-on, creating a plasma like the state of matter that filled the very early universe
  • Human evolution was shaped by plate tectonics / 10 November 2010 / Michael Marshall / New Scientist, n.2786, p.8-9 — the course of human evolution was plotted by the shifting and shaking of the Earth’s crust
  • Moulting tail feathers in a juvenile oviraptorisaur” / 4 November 2010 / Richard O. Prum / Nature, v.468, p.E1
  • Genomics: DNA’s master craftsmen” / 4 November 2010 / Roberta Kwok / Nature, v.468, p.22-25 — behind the walls of the J. Craig Venter Institute, Ham Smith and Clyde Hutchison quietly worked to bring a synthetic cell to life
  • Silica deposits on Mars could entomb possible life / 3 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2785, p.7 — deposits of hydrated silica on a Martian volcano point to a hydrothermal origin — they could preserve evidence of ancient life
  • Sharp Stone Age spearheads were cooked then flaked / 3 November 2010 / New Scientist, n.2785, p.18 — an ingenious trick for making sharp stone spearheads was invented 50,000 years earlier than we thought
  • Iain M. Banks: Upload for everlasting life / 3 November 2010 / Clare Wilson / New Scientist, n.2785, p.27 — the author of the sci-fi “Culture” novels contemplates how and why you might upload yourself to a computer
  • Human origins / 3 November 2010 / Tim D. White / New Scientist, n.2785
    • It began in Africa — A mountain of evidence has accumulated showing that our ancestors emerged in Africa. What is less clear-cut is what spurred their evolution
    • Lessons from an African valley — our evolutionary history has important lessons for us — all of our closest relatives have gone extinct, leaving only more distant African apes
    • Rise of the modern mind — our direct ancestors spread out from Africa long after the first hominid exodus, and they were anatomically and behaviourally much more human
    • Human origins: Search for roots that Darwin started — thanks to a range of discoveries and technologies, we can tell in amazing detail the story that Darwin only guessed at
  • Professional climate change deniers’ crusade continues / 2 November 2010 / Michael Mann / New Scientist, n.2784, p.28-29 — in the media and the courts, the battle to undermine climate science and its researchers hasn’t let up
  • The God Instinct: The Psychology of Souls, Destiny and the Meaning of Life / November 2010 / Jesse Bering / Nicholas Brealey Publishing — see also Amazon
  • SOCIETY OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY: “Snapshots from the Meeting” / 29 October 2010 / Ann Gibbons / Science, v.330, n.6004, p.583 — includes a clue to how the large, fleet-footed, meat-eating dinosaurs called abelisaurids used their stubby arms
  • SOCIETY OF VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY: “When Rodents Marched Into Paris” / 29 October 2010 / Ann Gibbons / Science, v.330, n.6004, p.583 — researchers announced the discovery of some of the world’s oldest rodents, an important clue to the mystery of how the first modern mammals spread around the globe, replacing archaic animals and ushering in the age of modern mammals
  • The Occurrence and Mass Distribution of Close-in Super-Earths, Neptunes, and Jupiters” / 29 October 2010 / Andrew W. Howard, et al. / Science, v.330, n.6004, p.653-655 — about one-quarter of observed Sun-like stars harbors a close-in terrestrial-mass planet
  • Early Use of Pressure Flaking on Lithic Artifacts at Blombos Cave, South Africa” / 29 October 2010 / Vincent Mourre, Paola Villa, and Christopher S. Henshilwood / Science, v.330, n.6004, p.659-662 — tools dating to ~75,000 years ago show evidence of pressure flaking, long before the technique became widespread
  • Thermogeddon: When the Earth gets too hot for humans / 26 October 2010 / Hazel Muir / New Scientist, n.2783, p.36-39 — according to a recent study, parts of the Earth could start to become uninhabitable within a century
  • We deny the inexplicable at our peril / 25 October 2010 / New Scientist, n.2783, p.5 — it’s the evidence that counts, not our prejudices, even when that means overturning what we thought were fundamental ideas
  • First Goldilocks Exoplanet May Not Exist” / 22 October 2010 / Richard A. Kerr / Science, v.330, n.6003, p.433 — a group of exoplanet hunters announced that its observations show no sign of Gliese 581g, which only a couple of weeks earlier a rival group had announced was the long-sought Earth-like habitable planet
  • Reanalysis of French Cave Could Deal Setback to Neandertal Smarts” / 22 October 2010 / Michael Balter / Science, v.330, n.6003, p.439 — new radiocarbon dating at a celebrated site in France indicates that jewelry and tools once attributed to Neandertals may be the work of modern humans
  • EVOLUTION: “The Long-Term Benefits of Self-Rejection” / 22 October 2010 / Stephen I. Wright and Spencer C. H. Barrett / Science, v.330, n.6003, p.459-460 — a trait that prevents self-fertilization in plants appears to promote evolutionary diversification
  • Should schoolchildren be typecast into science? / 22 October 2010 / Jo Marchant / New Scientist, n.2783, p.14 — Students who choose science tend to be more shy and more conscientious than others. Should we encourage them to break out of their mould?
  • The balance of probabilities” / 21 October 2010 / Nature, v.467, p.883 — IPCC members last week considered the best way to quantify uncertainty. They are not alone in needing to do so — the media must also take a firm line when it comes to scientific reporting.
  • Galaxy sets distance mark” / 21 October 2010 / Michele Trenti / Nature, v.467, p.924-925 — a galaxy has smashed the record for the most distant object ever observed
  • Creationism lives on in US public schools / 20 October 2010 / John Farrell / New Scientist, n.2783, p.14 — “Intelligent design” is still creeping into US schools, five years after the court ruling that banished it from Pennsylvania classrooms
  • T. rex was a cannibal / 20 October 2010 / New Scientist, n.2783, p.17 — Whether T. rex were fearsome predators or cowardly scavengers is hotly disputed. Now it seems the legendary dinosaurs were cannibals
  • Special report: Morality put to the test / 19-22 October 2010 / New Scientist, n.2782
    • Don’t be afraid — science can make us better / Fiery Cushman / p.41-43 — we should embrace rather than fear the knowledge science brings as it unravels morality’s muddles
    • Beyond intuition / Peter Singer / p.42-43 — some philosophers say intuitive moral responses are what count — but evidence on the nature of morality undermines this authority
    • Infant origins of human kindness / Paul Bloom / p.44-45 — the behaviour of babies shows that we’ve got kindness built in, but extending it to strangers takes some work
    • Our hidden judgements / Joshua Knobe / p.45 — our moral judgements affect our thinking in surprising ways … test your own intuition
    • ‘We can send religion to the scrap heap’ / p.46-47 — Sam Harris says that science can show us the best ways for human beings to thrive — and we can then junk religion forever
    • Do your worst, virtually / Samantha Murphy / p.47 — immersive virtual reality technology allows researchers to see how people respond to real and risky moral dilemmas
    • Brain roots of right and wrong / Patricia Churchland / p.48-49 — we are figuring out how the brain and its chemicals give rise to moral and social values
    • My brain made me do it / Martha J. Farah / p.49 — understanding how morality is linked to brain function will require us to rethink our justice system
  • Kitchen sink experiment simulates exotic white holes / 19 October 2010 / David Shiga / New Scientist, n.2783, p.13 — white holes — theoretical opposites of black holes — so far exist only on paper, but a new experiment confirms we simulate their behaviour whenever we turn on the kitchen tap
  • The chaos theory of evolution / 18 October 2010 / Keith Bennett / New Scientist, n.2782, p.28-31 — forget finding the laws of evolution
  • EVOLUTION: “RNA GPS” / 15 October 2010 / Christien Kluwe and Andrew D. Ellington / Science, v.330, n.6002, p.330-331 — detailed “fitness landscapes” could reveal the paths for evolution of function
  • Five-year ‘Jesus box’ trial comes to an end / 14 October 2010 / New Scientist, n.2782, p.7 — provenance of an ossuary inscribed “James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus” is about to be decided by an Israeli court
  • Curious mathematical law is rife in nature / 14 October 2010 / Rachel Courtland / New Scientist, n.2782, p.10 — earthquakes, stellar remnants, and a host of other natural phenomena all conform to a little known mathematical law, which could now find new uses
  • Hunter-gatherers cared for first known ancient invalid / 13 October 2010 / Andy Coghlan / New Scientist, n.2782, p.12 — too old to hunt, he probably needed a cane and suffered terrible back pain — and other early humans 500,000 years ago must have looked after him
  • Big bounce cosmos makes inflation a sure thing / 13 October 2010 / Anil Ananthaswamy / New Scientist, n.2782, p.15 — if our universe is a recycled version of an earlier cosmos, it could solve one of the great cosmic puzzles
  • Film festival: Are RFID tags the mark of the beast? / 13 October 2010 / Amanda Gefter / New Scientist, n.2782, p.51 — the documentary Tagged explores all sides of the human chipping debate, from health benefits to worries about government surveillance
  • Biology’s First Law: The Tendency for Diversity and Complexity to Increase in Evolutionary Systems / July 2010 / Daniel W. McShea and Robert N. Brandon / University of Chicago Press — see also Amazon
    • EVOLUTION: “A Law by Any Other Name Would Smell as Sweet” / 19 November 2010 / Roberta L. Millstein / Science, v.330, n.6007, p.1048-1049 — biological complexity is the expected outcome of being alive–in the absence of any other forces, both diversity and complexity will increase as the inevitable consequence of cumulative changes
  • The Extended Mind / June 2010 / Richard Menary (editor) / MIT Press — see also Amazon and Google books
    • NEUROPHILOSOPHY:Unbounding the Mind” / 29 October 2010 / Erik Myin / Science, v.330, n.6004, p.589-590 — the contributors examine Clark and Chalmers’s claim that the mind is not confined to the head but extends into the world and discuss its implications
  • Life from an RNA World: The Ancestor Within / April 2010 / Michael Yarus / Harvard University Press — see also Amazon and Google books
    • An RNA Whirl” / 5 November 2010 / Irene A. Chen / Science, v.330, n.6005, p.758 — writing for nonbiologists, Yarus focuses on developments between the origin of rudimentary life on Earth and the appearance of more complex organisms